Mixed Adenocarcinoma and Squamous Cell Carcinoma of Duodenum: A Case Report and Review of the Literature
We report the first case of mixed adenocarcinoma and SCC occurring i n the third part of duodenum (D3). Our patient, a 64-year-old female with history of GERD, hypertension, and IDDM presented with 4 weeks of nausea, vomiting, and abdominal pain. Tomographic imaging of her abdomen demonstrated a distended stomach and a proximal duodenum with narrow caliber changes at the level of D3. An EGD revealed a tight stricture at D3 that could not be traversed. Stricture biopsies revealed duodenal mucosa with two small foci of SCC (positive for p63 and CK5/6) and adenocarcinoma (positive for CK7 and Moc31). Peritoneal metastases were detected on exploratory laparotomy, m aking the tumor surgically incurable. As she progressively declined and with worsening liver enzymes and general debility, she was not a candidate for chemotherapy and was eventually discharged on home hospice. Small bowel SCC/adenocarcinoma is an exceedingly uncommon cancer, making further case rep orts such as ours important to understand the nature of this entity and establish management guidelines.Case Rep Gastroenterol 2017;11:402 –410
This study investigated the protein expression profile of STC1 in PCa and benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) samples and STC1 signalling during cell proliferation and cell death in vitro using cell lines. We found higher levels of STC1 in PCa when compared to BPH tissue and that STC1 inhibited forskolin stimulation of cAMP in PC-3 cells. A monoclonal antibody against STC1 was effective in reducing cell proliferation, in promoting cell cycle arrest, and in increasing apoptosis in the same cells. Since STC1 acts as a regulator of prostatic tissue signalling, we suggest that this protein is a novel candidate biomarker for p...
CONCLUSIONS: CNB and SSNB have similar effects on pain relief, complications and functional recovery in patients receiving TKA. The optimal analgesic regimen for patients after TKA needs further identification. PMID: 31808660 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
ConclusionLCH mostly occurs in children. In head and neck it affects principally the mastoid part of the temporal bone. Treatments include surgery, chemotherapy, and irradiation. Most patients enjoy good prognoses. LCH accompanied by TCS is rare and increases the difficulty of diagnosis; molecular data aid in TCS identification.
Publication date: Available online 6 December 2019Source: Trends in Pharmacological SciencesAuthor(s): Lorenzo GalluzziAlthough somatic KRAS mutations are common in human tumors, no inhibitor of mutant KRAS was clinically available until recently. Canon and colleagues describe the ability of a clinically available KRASG12C inhibitor to drive immunogenic cancer cell death, thus constituting a promising combinatorial partner for immune checkpoint blockers.
ConclusionABCB1 C3435T and ABCG2 C421A might represent a potential risk factor for breast cancer for Turkish women.
ConclusionThe findings suggest that chitosan, as a prime drug-delivery carrier, significantly alleviates the acute and sub-acute toxic effects of 6-MP.
ConclusionResults of this study demonstrated the potential of MWL oil in the development of natural anticancer therapeutic agents.Graphical abstract
Publication date: Available online 6 December 2019Source: International Journal of PharmaceuticsAuthor(s): Iftikhar Khan, Maria Apostolou, Ruba Bnyan, Chahinez Houacine, Abdelbary Elhissi, Sakib S YousafAbstractA simplistic approach was conducted to manufacture novel paclitaxel (PTX) loaded protransfersome tablet formulations for pulmonary drug delivery. Large surface area presented by pulmonary system offer better target using anti-cancer drug deposition for localized effect in the lungs. Protransfersomes are dry powder formulations, whereas transfersomes are liquid dispersions containing vesicles generated from protransf...
Conclusion: These results conclude that G.A has the potential to reduce metastatic melanoma through its anti-proliferative and anti-metastatic effects.Graphical abstract
Publication date: Available online 22 October 2019Source: Seminars in Cancer BiologyAuthor(s): Tamara T. Lah, Metka Novak, Barbara BreznikAbstractBrain, the major organ of the central nervous system controls and processes most of body activities. Therefore, the most aggressive brain tumor – glioblastoma and metastases from other organs to the brain are lethal leaving the patients with very short time of survival. The brain tissue landscape is very different from any other tissues and the specific microenvironment, comprising stem cells niches and blood-brain barrier, significantly influences the low rate of glioblast...
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