Proatlantal intersegmental artery with internal carotid artery stenosis

A 56-year-old man presented with vertigo of 4 days duration. Neurologic examination was unremarkable. CT angiograms revealed a right internal carotid artery (ICA) stenosis and an ipsilateral proatlantal intersegmental artery (PIA, type 1). The PIA arose from the ICA, ran upward, then took a dorsal course, and continued as the vertebral artery, serving as the major contributor of the posterior circulation (figure, A–C). Catheter-based angiogram showed ICA stenosis of 60% (figure, D). He chose drug therapy and remained asymptomatic on follow-up. Such combination can lead to TIA of the vertebrobasilar system; treatment options include endarterectomy, stenting, balloon angioplasty, or medication.1,2
Source: Neurology - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: CT, All Clinical Neurology, All Cerebrovascular disease/Stroke NEUROIMAGES Source Type: research

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Publication date: Available online 8 July 2019Source: American Journal of OtolaryngologyAuthor(s): Jonathan Hanna, Ajay Malhotra, Philip R. Brauer, Alexander Luryi, Elias MichaelidesAbstractPurposeTo compare imaging utilization between patients presenting to the emergency department (ED) with vertigo and dizziness (VDS) who are diagnosed with stroke and benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV).MethodsAll patients presenting to the ED with VDS (January 2014–June 2018) were identified. Those with a discharge diagnosis of stroke and BPPV were analyzed.Results17,884 patients presented to with VDS. 452 were diagnosed w...
Source: American Journal of Otolaryngology - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
This study aimed to report a Chinese patient with acute bilateral pontine infarction manifesting as eight-and-a-half syndrome plus hemiplegia (atypical nine syndrome), and also the clinical and neuroimaging findings were explained and discussed with review of the literature. Patient concerns: A 79-year-old woman experienced sudden vertigo, nausea, vomiting, and weakness at her left arm and leg. The neurological examination disclosed her right horizontal gaze palsy, internuclear ophtalmoplegia (INO), and right-sided peripheral facial paralysis combined with slight left-sided hemiplegia, which were consistent with atypica...
Source: Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Research Article: Clinical Case Report Source Type: research
AbstractCathepsin-A-related arteriopathy with strokes and leukoencephalopathy (CARASAL) is an acronym that describes an ultra-rare, hereditary, cerebral small vessel disease. The aim is to summarize current knowledge and recent findings concerning phenotype, genotype, pathogenesis, diagnoses, and treatment options of CARASAL. The method used in the study is a systematic literature review. CARASAL is clinically characterized by a wide range of predominantly central nervous system abnormalities. These include migraine, stroke with central facial palsy, facial pain, non-positional vertigo, cognitive dysfunction with impaired ...
Source: Acta Neurologica Belgica - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
Conditions:   Vertigo, Peripheral;   Vertigo, Brain Stem;   Vertigo; Central;   Vertigo; Cerebral Intervention:   Diagnostic Test: copeptin, PS100 Sponsor:   Poitiers University Hospital Completed
Source: - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
Conclusions: The keys to correctly diagnosing VM is identifying a relationship between vestibular symptoms and migrainous features and being aware of the heterogeneity of manifestations of this enigmatic, but treatable, condition. The principles of treatment of VM include rescue therapy, lifestyle modification, nonpharmacologic migraine preventives, pharmacologic migraine prophylaxis, and treatment of comorbidities.
Source: Journal of Neuro-Ophthalmology - Category: Opthalmology Tags: Disease of the Year: Migraine Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS AND SIGNIFICANCE: Our study suggests that a normal HIT in AVS is not always a dangerous sign indicating an acute stroke. From our observations, we propose that AVAD would be a new disease entity within AVS. PMID: 31035836 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Acta Oto-Laryngologica - Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Tags: Acta Otolaryngol Source Type: research
Shanshan Zhang1, Dongli Yuan2 and Ge Tan1* 1Department of Neurology, The First Affiliated Hospital of Chongqing Medical University, Chongqing, China 2The Institute of Medical Information, Chongqing Medical University, Chongqing, China Primary systemic vasculitis can affect every structure in both the central and peripheral nervous system, causing varied neurological manifestations of neurological dysfunction. Early recognition of the underlying causes of the neurological symptoms can facilitate timely treatment and improve the prognosis. This review highlights the clinical manifestations of primary systemic vasc...
Source: Frontiers in Neurology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
Granulomatosis with polyangiitis (GPA), formerly known as Wegener's granulomatosis, a vasculitis affecting small and medium sized vessels usually affects the upper and lower respiratory tract, the kidneys, and the eyes. Neurologic manifestation in central nervous system (CNS) is less frequent than the peripheral and usually is in form of stroke. Few cases of lateral medullary ischemic stroke (Wallenberg syndrome) due to GPA have been reported. A 41 year-old female, presented with acute vertigo, nausea/vomiting, hiccups, dysphagia.
Source: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: Case Report Source Type: research
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