Indications for suboptimal low-dose direct oral anticoagulants for non-valvular atrial fibrillation patients

Conclusions With good adherence, the clinical course associated with DOACs is comparatively good. In the future, suboptimal low-dose DOAC therapy may serve as an appropriate choice for some patients with a high risk of stroke and bleeding.
Source: Journal of Arrhythmia - Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

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ConclusionAcross geriatric subgroups, apixaban was consistently associated with the most favourable benefit-risk profile and should therefore be preferred in geriatric patients with AF. However, research gaps on the impact of increased falling risk, frailty and baseline dementia were identified, requiring careful consideration while awaiting more results.
Source: Frontiers in Pharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
Conclusion Our study highlights how DOACs are a safe and effective option for anticoagulation, even in frail elderly people; the introduction of these drugs is leading to an increased use of anticoagulation therapy in this population. Prospective trials will be needed to reinforce these results and to consider new variables in the thrombotic and hemorrhagic risk scores underlying the prescription of DOACs.
Source: Journal of Cardiovascular Medicine - Category: Cardiology Tags: Research articles: Arrhythmias Source Type: research
Conclusion In patients with cancer and atrial fibrillation, direct oral Xa inhibitors have a similar efficacy and may be safer compared with warfarin. These results are consistent both in patients with active cancer and history of cancer.
Source: Journal of Cardiovascular Medicine - Category: Cardiology Tags: Research articles: Arrhythmias Source Type: research
Conclusion LAAO is an efficient and safe option for the prevention of cardioembolic stroke in patients with NVAF, high thromboembolic risk and contraindication to OAC, particularly in patients with previous intracranial bleeding.
Source: Journal of Cardiovascular Medicine - Category: Cardiology Tags: Research articles: Arrhythmias Source Type: research
In this study, we examined morbidity and mortality of patients with concomitant AF and liver cirrhosis from the National Inpatient Sample database, the largest publicly available inpatient healthcare database in the United States. RESULTS: A total of 696937 patients with liver cirrhosis were included, 45745 of whom had concomitant AF (6.6%). Liver cirrhosis patients with AF had higher rates of in-hospital mortality (12.6% vs 10.3%, P
Source: World Journal of Cardiology - Category: Cardiology Authors: Tags: World J Cardiol Source Type: research
Authors: Gunawardene MA, Hartmann J, Jularic M, Eickholt C, Gessler N, Willems S Abstract Atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most frequent persistent cardiac arrhythmia and is associated with an increased mortality. Therefore, an effective differential treatment of patients is mandatory. After a risk stratification oral anticoagulation (OAC) should be initiated depending on the individual stroke risk of each patient. Alternatively, in the presence of contraindications for OAC and an increased risk for bleeding and/or stroke, the implantation of a left atrial appendage closure device can be considered. Symptomatic pati...
Source: Herz - Category: Cardiology Tags: Herz Source Type: research
In this study, 5% of VF arrest was due to PE: V fib is initial rhythm in PE in 3 of 60 cases. On the other hand, if the presenting rhythm is PEA, then pulmonary embolism is likely.  When there is VF in PE, it is not the initial rhythm, but occurs after prolonged PEA renders the myocardium ischemic.--Another study by Courtney and Kline found that, of cases of arrest that had autopsy and found that a presenting rhythm of VF/VT had an odds ratio of 0.02 for massive pulmonary embolism as the etiology, vs 41.9 for PEA.    ===================================MY Comment by KEN ...
Source: Dr. Smith's ECG Blog - Category: Cardiology Authors: Source Type: blogs
Conclusion Uninterrupted DOAC is a safe and effective alternative to uninterrupted VKA during atrial fibrillation ablation.
Source: Journal of Cardiovascular Medicine - Category: Cardiology Tags: Research articles: Arrhythmias Source Type: research
Atrial fibrillation is the most common sustained cardiac arrhythmia in the general population. In western countries with aging populations, atrial fibrillation poses a significant health concern, as it is associated with a high risk of thromboembolism, stroke, congestive heart failure, and myocardial infarction. Thrombi are generated in the left atrial appendage, and subsequent embolism into the cerebral circulation is a major cause of ischemic stroke. Therefore, patients have a lifetime risk of stroke, and those at high risk, defined as a CHA2DS2-VASc2 (congestive heart failure, hypertension, age>75 years, diabetes mel...
Source: Cardiology in Review - Category: Cardiology Tags: Review Articles Source Type: research
AbstractAtrial fibrillation is the most common cardiac arrhythmia and is a major cause of embolic stroke. In patients at high bleeding risk such as those with hemophilia, the thromboembolic prevention is challenging. We herein present three patients affected by moderate to severe hemophilia and atrial fibrillation that were treated in our Institution between March 2018 and September 2019, with percutaneous left atrial appendage closure. In patients with relative or absolute contraindications to long-term anticoagulant therapy, the left atrial appendage closure could represent a reasonable strategy.
Source: Journal of Thrombosis and Thrombolysis - Category: Hematology Source Type: research
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