Rice versus Drinking Water: Estimating the Primary Source of Arsenic in the U.S. Diet

This study will facilitate assessing arsenic exposures and more accurately estimating inorganic exposures.” Limitations to the study were primarily associated with the source data. For example, the dietary data, although extensive, captured only what people ate on two days about a week apart, which prevented accurate assessment of exposures at the extreme ends of consumption. “As you go out on the tails of the statistical distribution of rice consumption rates, this two-day survey starts to become unreliable,” says study coauthor Jack Creed, a research chemist at the EPA’s National Exposure Research Laboratory. For example, if a person ate a lot of rice on one of their survey days, their rice consumption would appear to be high, even if they usually did not eat much rice. This is especially worth noting, given that adverse health effects of arsenic result from long-term exposure. Creed notes that more information is needed on what people are actually eating, especially long-term rice consumption in subpopulations such as very young children and specific ethnic groups. “That’s what it is going to take to get to estimate the exposures that you’d like to better evaluate,” he says. NHANES recently started collecting more detailed information about Asian subpopulations with very different diets (including Chinese Americans, Indian Americans, and a composite group made up of Filipino, Vietnamese, Korean, and Japanese Americans) so tha...
Source: EHP Research - Category: Environmental Health Authors: Tags: Science Selections Source Type: research

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Publication date: Available online 13 February 2020Source: The LancetAuthor(s): Boris Bikbov, Caroline A Purcell, Andrew S Levey, Mari Smith, Amir Abdoli, Molla Abebe, Oladimeji M Adebayo, Mohsen Afarideh, Sanjay Kumar Agarwal, Marcela Agudelo-Botero, Elham Ahmadian, Ziyad Al-Aly, Vahid Alipour, Amir Almasi-Hashiani, Rajaa M Al-Raddadi, Nelson Alvis-Guzman, Saeed Amini, Tudorel Andrei, Catalina Liliana Andrei, Zewudu AndualemSummaryBackgroundHealth system planning requires careful assessment of chronic kidney disease (CKD) epidemiology, but data for morbidity and mortality of this disease are scarce or non-existent in many...
Source: The Lancet - Category: General Medicine Source Type: research
In our global ageing societies, diabetes imposes a significant personal and public health burden in terms of the numbers of people with the condition, diabetes-related complications including frailty and disability, and national health and social care systems ’ expenditures [1]. It is apparent that older people with diabetes can represent some of the more complex and difficult challenges facing the health care professionals working in different settings [2]. New data from the International Diabetes Federation (IDF) Diabetes Atlas 9th edition [3] allow us to highlight this research need by assessing what the impact is...
Source: Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice - Category: Endocrinology Authors: Source Type: research
In 2017, diabetes was ranked as the fourth leading cause of disability globally [1]. The health consequences of diabetes cause a marked loss of productivity and economic burden to patients, healthcare providers and country ’s economies, mounting to 1.8% of the global gross domestic product (GDP) and 12% of the global health expenditure in 2018 [2,3]. Over 80% of yearly deaths due to diabetes occur in developing countries causing drastic economic consequences compared to their developed counterparts [4].
Source: Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice - Category: Endocrinology Authors: Source Type: research
AbstractType 2 diabetes is a major public health problem, accounting for significant premature mortality and morbidity. It has been reported to be associated with several chronic complications which involve coronary artery disease and renal and liver diseases that are considered the primary cause of disability and mortality in diabetic patients. Different studies stated that vitamin D have functional role in glucose tolerance through its effects on insulin secretion and sensitivity and ameliorate type 2 diabetes complication. For that this study was carried out to investigate the effect of dietary vitamin D on type 2 diabe...
Source: Comparative Clinical Pathology - Category: Pathology Source Type: research
(CNN) — Science shows moderate to vigorous aerobic exercise is good for us — it improves sleep; lowers blood pressure; protects against heart disease, diabetes and cancer; reduces stress; boosts mood; and fights anxiety and depression. It’s especially important in adolescence, where the first signs of depression often begin, studies show. But unless your child is an athlete, it can be tough to wean them away from social media and the ever-present screen to swim laps or go for a blood-pumping jog. A new study has some good news: even light exercise may help protect children against developing depression. T...
Source: WBZ-TV - Breaking News, Weather and Sports for Boston, Worcester and New Hampshire - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Health News Syndicated CBSN Boston CNN Depression Source Type: news
CONCLUSIONS: In 82% of the cases the expert's report pointed out a significant global (visual and non-visual) functional limitation (greater than 33%) of their work capacity. In the previous administrative phase of all these cases the recognition fo disability had not been granted. From the results obtained it turns out the importance of an ophthalmologist acting as an expert in this type of demands. PMID: 32035740 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Archivos de la Sociedad Espanola de Oftalmologia - Category: Opthalmology Tags: Arch Soc Esp Oftalmol Source Type: research
In conclusion, the concept of an epigenetic clock is compelling, but caution should be taken in interpreting associations with age acceleration. Association tests of age acceleration should include age as a covariate. A Discussion of Recent Work on Allotopic Expression of Mitochondrial Genes at the SENS Research Foundation https://www.fightaging.org/archives/2020/02/a-discussion-of-recent-work-on-allotopic-expression-of-mitochondrial-genes-at-the-sens-research-foundation/ A paper published last month outlines recent progress on allotopic expression of mitochondrial genes carried out by the SENS Research ...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Newsletters Source Type: blogs
Conclusions: The consensus-workshop provided an initial roadmap for limb loss research in Canada, and the event served as an important catalyst for stakeholders to initiate collaborations for moving identified priorities into action. Given the increasing number of people undergoing an amputation, there needs to be a stronger Canadian collaborative approach to generate the necessary research to enhance evidence-based clinical care and policy decision-making.IMPLICATIONS FOR REHABILITATIONLimb loss is a growing concern across North America, with lower-extremity amputations occurring due to complications arising from diabetes...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation - Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Tags: Disabil Rehabil Source Type: research
Conclusion: We identified a consistent pattern of factors associated with a higher prevalence of comorbidities and multimorbidity at diagnosis and an increased time-to-surgery among patients with colorectal cancer with multimorbidity in Spain. This pattern may provide insights for further etiological and preventive research and help to identify patients at a higher risk for poorer cancer outcomes and suboptimal treatment. PMID: 32021469 [PubMed]
Source: Clinical Colorectal Cancer - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Clin Epidemiol Source Type: research
Frailty is emerging as a new category complication of diabetes in older people. Clinically, frailty is still not well defined and mostly viewed as a decline in solely the physical domain. However, frailty is a multidimensional syndrome and the newly introduced concept of “triad of impairment” (physical, cognitive and emotional) may be a more representative of the broad nature of frailty. The components of the triad of impairment (TOI) commonly coexist and demonstrate a reciprocal relation. Diabetes in old age appears to increase the risk of the triad of impairme nt, which may eventually progress to disability.
Source: Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice - Category: Endocrinology Authors: Source Type: research
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