MabVax begins dosing of MVT-1075 in Phase I cancer therapy trial

US-based biotechnology firm MabVax Therapeutics has started dosing patients in a Phase I clinical trial of MVT-1075 to treat patients with CA19-9 positive malignancies such as pancreatic, colon and lung cancers.
Source: Drug Development Technology - Category: Pharmaceuticals Source Type: news

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Ginevra Doglioni1,2†, Sweta Parik1,2† and Sarah-Maria Fendt1,2* 1Laboratory of Cellular Metabolism and Metabolic Regulation, VIB-KU Leuven Center for Cancer Biology, VIB, Leuven, Belgium 2Laboratory of Cellular Metabolism and Metabolic Regulation, Department of Oncology, KU Leuven and Leuven Cancer Institute, Leuven, Belgium Metastasis formation is the leading cause of death in cancer patients. Thus, understanding and targeting this process is an unmet need. Crucial steps during the establishment of metastases include the (pre)metastatic niche formation. This process relies on the interaction of th...
Source: Frontiers in Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
Conclusions and Perspectives In this review, we have discussed important milestones from the early description of “Serum-sickness” as being due to antibodies directed against Neu5Gc epitopes all the way to the present-day therapeutic implications of these antibodies in cancer therapy. Some of these milestones have been represented in a concise timeline (Figure 6). While the “Xenosialitis” hypothesis is well-supported in the human-like mouse models, it has yet to be conclusively proven in humans. It remains to be seen if “Xenosialitis” plays a role in other uniquely-human diseases. FI...
Source: Frontiers in Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research
In this study, T cells deficient in TRAF6 display enhanced T cell activation, CD28-indpendent stimulation and resistance to Treg cell-mediated suppression (176). Although TLR signaling can promote T cell resistance to Treg cells, the precise molecular mechanism remains yet to be elucidated. It is worth noting that TLR stimulation of T cells increases cytokine production (173, 177), thus future studies should delineate the effect of TLR-MyD88 signaling vs. subsequently induced cytokines in generating resistance to Treg cells. Lastly, it is also crucial to evaluate the effect of TLR signaling on regulatory T cells which also...
Source: Frontiers in Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 12 April 2019Source: Colloids and Surfaces A: Physicochemical and Engineering AspectsAuthor(s): Mostafa Akbarzadeh Khiavi, Azam Safary, Ayuob Aghanejad, Jaleh Barar, Seyed Hossein Rasta, Asal Golchin, Yadollah Omidi, Mohammad Hossein SomiAbstractThe current investigation introduces an advanced and effective tumor therapeutic RnaGNPs nanobiomedicine composed of gold nanoparticles (GNPs) conjugated with bovine pancreatic ribonuclease (RNase A). The engineered nanobiomedicine was used to overcome the intracellular ribonuclease inhibitors (RIs) as one of the most important obstacles for the c...
Source: Colloids and Surfaces A: Physicochemical and Engineering Aspects - Category: Chemistry Source Type: research
This study was supported by the Shanghai Sailing Program [grant number 17YF1425200, 2017]; Chinese National Natural Science Funding [grant number 81702249, 2017]; Science and Technology Commission of Shanghai Municipality [grant number 17511103403, 2017]; The funder has no role in the study design, data collection and analysis, decision to publish, or preparation of the manuscript. Conflict of Interest Statement The authors declare that the research was conducted in the absence of any commercial or financial relationships that could be construed as a potential conflict of interest. Acknowledgments We acknowledge the ex...
Source: Frontiers in Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
Yi He†, Wenyong Long† and Qing Liu* Department of Neurosurgery, Xiangya Hospital, Central South University, Changsha, China Super-enhancers (SEs) refer to large clusters of enhancers that drive gene expressions. Recent data has provided novel insights in elucidating the roles of SEs in many diseases, including cancer. Many mechanisms involved in tumorigenesis and progression, ranging from internal gene mutation and rearrangement to external damage and inducement, have been demonstrated to be highly associated with SEs. Moreover, translocation, formation, deletion, or duplication of SEs themselves co...
Source: Frontiers in Pharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
In conclusion, osmotic burst of inflated complement-damaged cells may occur, but these bursts are most likely a consequence of metabolic collapse of the cell rather than the cause of cell death. The Complement Cell Death Mediator: A Concerted Action of Toxic Moieties Membrane pores caused by complement were first visualized by electron microscopy on red blood cell membranes as large ring structures (22). Similar lesions were viewed on E. coli cell walls (23). Over the years, ample information on the fine ultrastructure of the MAC that can activate cell death has been gathered (24) and has been recently further examined (...
Source: Frontiers in Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research
Conclusion In this article, we use the amphiphilic copolymer DSPE-SS-mPEG, which is connected by disulfide bonds. Afterward, the magnetic Fe3O4 nanoparticles and the hydrophobic drug are made by the self-assembly of the amphiphilic copolymer. DOX is encapsulated in the amphiphilic copolymer to form a magnetic nano drug controlled release system which is sensitive and responds to a reducing environment. This controlled release system can dissociate the disulfide bonds in the presence of dithiothreitol, thereby triggering the release system to disintegrate and expel the drug. When the DOX-loaded nanocarrier is transported ...
Source: Frontiers in Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
In conclusion, this study demonstrates that WG-391D exhibits strong antitumor activity against ovarian cancer and indicates that the down-regulation of CDC25B by inhibitors could provide a rationale for ovarian cancer therapy. Introduction Ovarian cancer is one of the most common malignances in females. The American Cancer Society estimated that there were 22,240 cases of ovarian cancer, and 14,070 deaths, in the United States in 2018 (1). During its early stages, ovarian cancer can be asymptomatic; hence, ~70% of patients have advanced disease when diagnosed and ultimately develop chemotherapeutic drug resistance an...
Source: Frontiers in Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
Authors: Buck E, Sprick M, Gaida MM, Grüllich C, Weber TF, Herpel E, Bruckner T, Koschny R Abstract Recently, a tumor-autonomous cytochrome P450 (CYP)-3A5-mediated resistance to cancer therapy has been demonstrated in pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma. Expression of CYP3A5, which is involved in the degradation of irinotecan, has also been reported in colorectal cancer (CRC). The aim of the present study was to analyze CYP3A5 expression in the normal colon, colon adenoma, CRC and normal tissues, as well as to examine whether CYP3A5 expression in CRC has an impact on tumor response to irinotecan treatment. Immuno...
Source: Oncology Letters - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Oncol Lett Source Type: research
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