MabVax begins dosing of MVT-1075 in Phase I cancer therapy trial

US-based biotechnology firm MabVax Therapeutics has started dosing patients in a Phase I clinical trial of MVT-1075 to treat patients with CA19-9 positive malignancies such as pancreatic, colon and lung cancers.
Source: Drug Development Technology - Category: Pharmaceuticals Source Type: news

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In this study, we evaluated the value of SCD1 as a candidate therapeutic target in human endometrial cancer. Compared with secretory and post-menopausal endometrium, SCD1 was highly expressed in normal endometrium of proliferative phase, endometrial hyperplasia and endometrial carcinoma, while was absent or low expression in non-malignant control stromal cells and adjacent normal endometrium. Knockdown of SCD1 significantly repressed endometrial cancer cell growth and induced cell apoptosis. Both short hairpin RNA targeted knockdown and chemical inhibitor of SCD1 suppressed the foci formation of AN3CA, a metastatic endomet...
Source: Oncotarget - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Oncotarget Source Type: research
Abstract A novel series of enediynes possessing pentafluorophenylsulfoxide have been developed. The innovative compounds possess antiproliferative activity against a broad panel of human cancer cells originating from breast, blood, lung, kidney, colon, prostate, pancreas or skin with IC50 ranging from 0.6 to 3.4 μM. The antiproliferative activity of enediynes in darkness is associated to their ability to compromise microtubule network. In addition, exposure to UV leads to double-stranded DNA cleavage caused by the newly synthesized molecules reducing further their IC50 in nanomolar range against human tumor c...
Source: European Journal of Medicinal Chemistry - Category: Chemistry Authors: Tags: Eur J Med Chem Source Type: research
Authors: Skoda AM, Simovic D, Karin V, Kardum V, Vranic S, Serman L Abstract The Hedgehog (Hh) signaling pathway was first identified in the common fruit fly. It is a highly conserved evolutionary pathway of signal transmission from the cell membrane to the nucleus. The Hh signaling pathway plays an important role in the embryonic development. It exerts its biological effects through a signaling cascade that culminates in a change of balance between activator and repressor forms of glioma-associated oncogene (Gli) transcription factors. The components of the Hh signaling pathway involved in the signaling transfer t...
Source: Bosnian Journal of Basic Medical Sciences - Category: General Medicine Tags: Bosn J Basic Med Sci Source Type: research
BACKGROUNDThe improving efficacy of cancer treatment has resulted in an increasing array of treatment‐related symptoms and associated burdens imposed on individuals undergoing aggressive treatment of their disease. Often, clinical trials compare therapies that have different types, and severities, of adverse effects. Whether rated by clinicians or patients themselves, it can be difficult to know which side effect profile is more disruptive or bothersome to patients. A simple summary index of bother can help to adjudicate the variability in adverse effects across treatments being compared with each other. METHODSAcross 4 ...
Source: Cancer - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Original Article Source Type: research
Growing evidence suggests that microbes can influence the efficacy of cancer therapies. By studying colon cancer models, we found that bacteria can metabolize the chemotherapeutic drug gemcitabine (2',2'-difluorodeoxycytidine) into its inactive form, 2',2'-difluorodeoxyuridine. Metabolism was dependent on the expression of a long isoform of the bacterial enzyme cytidine deaminase (CDDL), seen primarily in Gammaproteobacteria. In a colon cancer mouse model, gemcitabine resistance was induced by intratumor Gammaproteobacteria, dependent on bacterial CDDL expression, and abrogated by cotreatment with the antibiotic ciprofloxa...
Source: ScienceNOW - Category: Science Authors: Tags: Medicine, Diseases reports Source Type: news
The leading cause of death in cancer survivors is cardiovascular disease, in part due to cancer therapy-induced cardiotoxicity. The short- and long-term cardiovascular side effects of a newer class of targeted chemotherapy, mTOR inhibitors, have not been well established as they have been with anthracyclines, anti-VEGF therapy and tyrosine kinase inhibitors. mTOR inhibitor Everolimus, used as an agent in transplant immunosuppression, is now indicated for the treatment of metastatic breast, colon, renal cell and pancreatic cancer. Retrospective clinical data indicate the possibility of heart failure and hypertension as card...
Source: Hypertension - Category: Cardiology Authors: Tags: Poster Abstract Presentations Source Type: research
Abstract In the last few years, exciting reports have emerged regarding the role of the two types of neurotrophin receptors, p75(NTR) and Trks, not only in neurons, where they were discovered, but also in non-neural cells and, especially, in numerous cancers, including breast, lung, colon-rectum, pancreas, prostate, glioblastoma, neuroblastoma, myeloma, and lymphoid tumors. Traditionally, p75(NTR), activated by all neurotrophins and their precursors, is an inhibitor. In various cancers, however, activated p75(NTR) induces variable effects, from inhibition to stimulation of cell proliferation, dependent on their di...
Source: Pharmacological Reviews - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: Tags: Rev Physiol Biochem Pharmacol Source Type: research
In conclusions, although studies in this feld are rare and inconsistence, recent fndings have demonstrated that KD can potentially inhibit the malignant cell growth and increase the survival time. Because of differences physiology between animals and humans, future studies in cancer patients treated with a KD are needed.Keywords:Cancer, ketogenic diet, survival, tumor growth
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research
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Source: Molecular Carcinogenesis - Category: Molecular Biology Authors: Tags: Research Article Source Type: research
Deciphering the Roles of Thiazolidinediones and PPARγ in Bladder Cancer. PPAR Res. 2017;2017:4810672 Authors: Chiu M, McBeth L, Sindhwani P, Hinds TD Abstract The use of thiazolidinedione (TZD) therapy in type II diabetic patients has proven useful in the lowering of blood glucose levels. However, recent investigations have shown that there may be potential health concerns associated, including the risk of developing bladder cancer as well as complications in the cardiovasculature. TZDs are ligands for the nuclear receptor PPARγ, and activation causes lipid uptake and insulin sensitization,...
Source: PPAR Research - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Tags: PPAR Res Source Type: research
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