What Are Precautions for Someone Traveling to the Middle East About the Risk of MERS?

Discussion Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS) is a respiratory illness cause by a coronavirus called MERS-CoV. It was first reported in Saudi Arabia in 2012. People with confirmed cases of MERS have developed severe respiratory illness that includes acute onset of cough, shortness of breath, and fever. Other symptoms include gastrointestinal symptoms such as diarrhea. Pneumonia is common, and patients may progress to respiratory failure. Other end organ failure has occurred, particularly kidney failure and septic shock. The death rate is up to ~30% currently. People with compromised immune systems are more at risk. The exact transmission is not known but it has been shown to spread between people who are in close contact, from infected patients to health care personnel, and there some clustered cases in specific countries. There is no evidence of sustained spreading in community settings. All of the cases to date have been linked to countries in the Arabian Peninsula. The virus has been linked to bats and camels but it is unknown exactly how it is spread between or within species. MERS is different than the SARS virus that was identified in 2003 but both are caused by coronaviruses and have been linked to bats. Health care providers should be alerted to patients who have traveled to the Arabian Peninsula and surrounding countries within 14 days of travel. People who transited within airports but did not enter the country are not considered at increased risk. Although mo...
Source: PediatricEducation.org - Category: Pediatrics Authors: Tags: Uncategorized Source Type: news

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Source: Canadian Medical Association Journal - Category: General Medicine Tags: CMAJ Source Type: research
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