Researchers are figuring out how sense of self develops differently in autistic teens

By guest blogger Dan Carney Our autobiographical memory is fundamental to the development of our sense of self. However, according to past research, it may be compromised in autism, together with other skills that are also vital for self understanding, such as introspection and the ability to attribute mental states to others (known as mentalising). For example, experiments involving autistic children have highlighted retrieval difficulties, “impoverished narratives”, and a greater need for prompting, while also suggesting that semantic recall (facts from the past) may be impaired in younger individuals. Now a UK research team, led by Sally Robinson from London’s St. Thomas’ Hospital, has published the first attempt to assess the nature of – and relationships between – autobiographical memory, mentalising and introspection in autism. Reporting their findings in Autism journal, the group hope their results will shed more light on the way that autistic children and teens develop a sense of self. The researchers compared the performance of 24 autistic participants (age range: 11-18; 4 girls) and 24 age- and gender-matched neurotypical participants on three tasks. The first, designed to tap semantic and episodic aspects of autobiographical memory, required them to recall what kind of personality they showed in different contexts (at school, with the family, when happy etc) and to describe specific episodes from their lives in which they’...
Source: BPS RESEARCH DIGEST - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Tags: Autism guest blogger Memory Thought Source Type: blogs

Related Links:

Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a highly disabling condition, increasingly recognized as both a disorder of mental health and social burden, but also as an anxiety disorder characterized by fear, stress, and negative alterations in mood. PTSD is a...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news
Publication date: Available online 2 July 2020Source: SeizureAuthor(s): Maria Luisa Paiva, Ellen Marise Lima, Isabelle Bimbatti Siqueira, Patricia Rzezak, Camila Koike, Sylvie P. Moschetta, Silvia Vincentiis, Rudá Alessi, Tatiana Cohab Khafif, Melanie Mendoza, Kette D. Valente
Source: Seizure - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 2 July 2020Source: Journal of Anxiety DisordersAuthor(s): Peter G. van der Velden, Carlo Contino, Miquelle Marchand, Marcel Das, Henk Schut
Source: Journal of Anxiety Disorders - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
Conclusion Our results emphasize the importance of detecting depression in the early stages of a cancer diagnosis and have significant implications concerning pharmacological intervention in patients with cancer displaying signs of depression. PMID: 32612064 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Internal Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Intern Med Source Type: research
Publication date: August 2020Source: Infant Behavior and Development, Volume 60Author(s): Anna Gui, Emily J.H. Jones, Chloe C.Y. Wong, Emma Meaburn, Baocong Xia, Greg Pasco, Sarah Lloyd-Fox, Tony Charman, Patrick Bolton, Mark H. Johnson, the BASIS Team
Source: Infant Behavior and Development - Category: Child Development Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: low-cost, handmade simulators are feasible and effective, resulting in positive learner evaluations. Their availability as open technology allows the dissemination of their use. PMID: 32609265 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Revista Latino-Americana de Enfermagem - Category: Nursing Authors: Tags: Rev Lat Am Enfermagem Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 3 July 2020Source: International Journal of Africa Nursing SciencesAuthor(s): Oluwaseyi Isaiah Olabisi, Olorunfemi Ola, Adetola Bolaji, Fatimah O. Azeez, Odunola Azeez, Tolulope Esther Olabisi
Source: International Journal of Africa Nursing Sciences - Category: African Health Source Type: research
A well-said phrase can remind us how we’re not alone in our struggles — and, perhaps, more importantly, can also inspire us to push onward. Examples range from ancient Greek philosopher Aristotle’s “It is during our darkest moments that we must focus to see the light” to contemporary author and civil rights activist Maya Angelou’s “You will face many defeats in life, but never let yourself be defeated.” When facing tough times, difficult people, and challenging situations, a simple set of words such as these may keep hope alive, strengthen resolve — and help us to keep ...
Source: World of Psychology - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Tags: Motivation and Inspiration Psychology Resilience Source Type: blogs
The advantage of the approach is it is quicker and cheaper than a standard intervention. → Support PsyBlog for just $5 per month. Enables access to articles marked (M) and removes ads. → Explore PsyBlog's ebooks, all written by Dr Jeremy Dean: Accept Yourself: How to feel a profound sense of warmth and self-compassion The Anxiety Plan: 42 Strategies For Worry, Phobias, OCD and Panic Spark: 17 Steps That Will Boost Your Motivation For Anything Activate: How To Find Joy Again By Changing What You Do
Source: PsyBlog | Psychology Blog - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Tags: Mindfulness Stress subscribers-only Source Type: blogs
BACKGROUND: Orthopedic trauma patients have the risk to experience mental disorders, including depression, anxiety, post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), and other mental disorders. However, studies that analyze the relationship between mental disorders i...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news
More News: Anxiety | Autism | Behavioural Therapy | Blogging | Brain | Child Development | Children | Cognitive Behavior Therapy | Down's Syndrome | Eyes | Girls | Hospitals | Men | Neurology | Psychology | Study | Williams Syndrome