Infections of horses and shrews with Bornaviruses in Upper Austria: a novel endemic area of Borna disease

Infections of horses and shrews with Bornaviruses in Upper Austria: a novel endemic area of Borna disease Emerging Microbes &Infections 6, e52 (June 2017). doi:10.1038/emi.2017.36 Authors: Herbert Weissenböck, Zoltán Bagó, Jolanta Kolodziejek, Barbara Hager, Günter Palmetzhofer, Ralf Dürrwald &Norbert Nowotny
Source: Emerging Microbes and Infections - Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Tags: Austria bicolored white-toothed shrew Borna disease virus-1 common shrew Crocidura leucodon endemic area horse reservoir Source Type: research

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Authors: Gheorghiu ML, Badiu C Abstract Selenium (Se), an important oligoelement, is a component of the antioxidant system. Over the last decade, it has been ever more frequently discussed in the context of thyroid disorders. Graves' disease and Hashimoto's thyroiditis, differentiated thyroid cancer, and even endemic goiter may have common triggers that are activated by excess reactive oxygen species (ROS), which are involved in various stages of the pathogenesis of thyroid disorders. Most oxidative events occur in mitochondria, organelles that contain enzymes with Se as a cofactor. Mitochondria are responsible for...
Source: Hormones - Category: Endocrinology Tags: Hormones (Athens) Source Type: research
Authors: Scialfa E, Rivero M, Moreno S, Ortiz M, Bongiorno F Abstract Leptospirosis is considered an endemic disease in Buenos Aires province, Argentina, with human cases reported annually from rural and urban areas. The aim of the study was to describe the variables that influence the delay in the serological confirmation of leptospirosis in human cases (period 2006-2014) from Buenos Aires province. Sixty-four percent (64%) of cases could be confirmed by microscopic agglutination test (MAT) with the first sample. The time of confirmation of the human leptospirosis cases was on average 21 days from the onset of the...
Source: Revista Argentina de Microbiologia - Category: Microbiology Tags: Rev Argent Microbiol Source Type: research
Background: Variceal upper gastrointestinal bleeding (UGIB) is common in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). However, poor access to endoscopy services precludes the diagnosis of varices.Objectives: We determined the diagnostic accuracy of routine clinical findings for detection of esophageal varices among patients with UGIB in rural SSA where schistosomiasis is endemic.Methods: We studied patients with a history of UGIB. The index tests included routine clinical findings and the reference test was diagnostic endoscopy. Multivariable regression with post-estimation provided measures of association and diagnostic accuracy.Results: We...
Source: African Health Sciences - Category: African Health Source Type: research
Conclusion: To the best of our knowledge, this is the first documented report of its kind of endemic Burkitt lymphoma involving lymphnodes generally as the primary site. High index of suspicion and early biopsy are the key in this uncommon presentation.Keywords: Burkitt lymphoma, generalized lymphadenopathy, Nigerian child.
Source: African Health Sciences - Category: African Health Source Type: research
ConclusionsTB can have varied presentation and therefore it is essential to keep tubercular infection in differential diagnosis while working up for any infective pathology. Conservative treatment produces good results in vast majority of cases. Surgery is reserved for select indications.
Source: Journal of Clinical Orthopaedics and Trauma - Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 21 January 2020Source: Journal of Herbal MedicineAuthor(s): Ana Margarida Rodrigues, Pedro Luis Vieira Falé, Paulo Madeira, Rita Pacheco, Maria Helena Florêncio, Lia Ascensão, Maria Luisa Marques SerralheiroAbstractSantolina impressa Hoffmanns &Link is an aromatic Asteraceae species endemic to the southwest of Portugal. It is used in folk medicine as an herbal tea for gastrointestinal ailments and mouthwash antiseptic. The present study aimed to relate the chemical composition of decoctions from the aerial parts S. impressa with their antiacetylcholinesterase, anti...
Source: Journal of Herbal Medicine - Category: Complementary Medicine Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 21 January 2020Source: Journal of Applied Research on Medicinal and Aromatic PlantsAuthor(s): Efstathia Patelou, Paschalina Chatzopoulou, Alexios N. Polidoros, Photini V. MylonaAbstractSideritis raeseri Boiss. &Heldr is a subalpine/alpine plant species endemic to the southern part of the Balkan Peninsula. Mountain tea (S. raeseri) is a traditional medical remedy as a decoction of high value and a source of essential oils beneficial to human health. Recent findings of Sideritis active constituents in preventive therapy of osteoporosis, cancer and neurodegenerative diseases have increas...
Source: Journal of Applied Research on Medicinal and Aromatic Plants - Category: Complementary Medicine Source Type: research
Dengue is a life-threatening disease that occurs mostly in children and is endemic in tropical and subtropical regions worldwide. It is a mosquito-borne disease caused by dengue virus, which belongs to the family Flaviviridae. Dengue is transmitted by Aedes-type mosquitoes, primarily A. aegypti. There are four dengue virus serotypes: DENV-1, DENV-2, DENV-3, and DENV-4 (Srikiatkhachorn and Kelley, 2014). The clinical manifestations of dengue infection can be asymptomatic; mild (dengue fever (DF)), involving only fever; severe (dengue hemorrhagic fever (DHF)), which involves subcutaneous bleeding detectable by tourniquet tes...
Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases - Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Source Type: research
AbstractChina has the world's largest burden of hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection, but the country has made considerable progress in preventing its mother-to-child transmission (MTCT) in the past three decades. This feat is made possible due to the high coverage of birth-dose hepatitis B vaccine (HepB,> 95%), hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) screening for pregnant women (> 99%), and hepatitis B immunoglobulin plus HepB for newborns whose mothers are HBsAg positive (> 99%). Studies on the optimal antiviral treatment regimen for pregnant women with high HBV-DNA load have also been conducted. However, China still ...
Source: Frontiers of Medicine - Category: General Medicine Source Type: research
This study assessed whether the endemic status of this disease was stable or instable, which is important for disease control efforts. For this aim, 4115 sheep blood samples were collected from 81 cities in the seven geographical regions of Turkey. The diagnosis of Babesia ovis was made using microscopic and serological techniques. Thin blood smears were prepared from anticoagulated venous blood. Serum samples were screened for specific antibodies using an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) and indirect fluorescent antibody test (IFAT). Recombinant Babesia ovis secreted antigen 1 (rBoSA1) was used in the ELISA. The ...
Source: Veterinary Parasitology - Category: Veterinary Research Source Type: research
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