Complementary Therapies for Mental Health Disorders

Approximately 18% of the US adult population has a mental illness, yet only 13% with mental illness receive any treatment. Although pharmacotherapy and psychotherapy are the mainstays of treatment, treatment discontinuation and failure are common. Skepticism toward such treatments have fueled interest and use of complementary therapies, such as acupuncture, meditation, and natural products. Many medical providers are unaware of the use of these therapies by their patients, and knowledge of the evidence base for these therapies is often lacking. This review presents current evidence-based recommendations for complementary therapies in the treatment of depression, anxiety, and posttraumatic stress disorder.
Source: Medical Clinics of North America - Category: Primary Care Authors: Source Type: research

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Publication date: Available online 16 November 2018Source: NeuroscienceAuthor(s): Nevena Todorović, Bojana Mićić, Marija Schwirtlich, Milena Stevanović, Dragana FilipovićAbstractDysregulation of GABAergic system is becoming increasingly associated with depression, psychiatric disorder that imposes severe clinical, social and economic burden. Special attention is paid to the fast-spiking parvalbumin positive (PV+) interneurons, GABAergic neurons which are highly susceptible to redox dysregulation and oxidative stress and implicated in a variety of psychiatric diseases. Here we analyzed the number of PV+ and cleaved cas...
Source: Neuroscience - Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: This study confirms that loss of consciousness and pre-injury psychological issues are associated with persistent symptom reporting. Not receiving injury information in the emergency department may also negatively influence symptom reporting. PMID: 30426138 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine - Category: Rehabilitation Tags: J Rehabil Med Source Type: research
UCLA biologists have discovered how head injuries adversely affect individual cells and genes  that can lead to serious brain disorders. The life scientists provide the first cell “atlas” of the hippocampus — the part of the brain that helps regulate learning and memory — when it is affected by traumatic brain injury. The team also proposes gene candidates for treating brain disease s associated with traumatic brain injury, such as Alzheimer’s disease and post-traumatic stress disorder.The researchers studied more than 6,000 cells in 15 hippocampal cell types — the first study of in...
Source: UCLA Newsroom: Health Sciences - Category: Universities & Medical Training Source Type: news
ConclusionThis is the first study in Korea that systematically evaluated community-based palliative care. The Busan Community-based Palliative Care Project improved the QOL of palliative care patients by providing services at an appropriate level and by raising the recognition of palliative care in the community. To increase the utilization ratio of palliative care and the quality of service, strategies should be developed to supplement medical support systems.
Source: Asian Nursing Research - Category: Nursing Source Type: research
This study sought to examine the sex-specific influence of nicotine addiction on gamma amino butyric acid (GABA) and the white matter (WM) microstructure. Sixty healthy subjects (smokers/non-smokers) underwent structural and metabolic magnetic resonance imaging scans. Results showed alterations in WM integrity (measured as changes in fractional anisotropy [FA] and GABA in smokers versus non-smokers and females versus males. No overall significant smoking and sex-specific interactions were observed in this study. However, on comparing female smokers with female non-smokers, significantly higher GABA and FA values were obser...
Source: European Addiction Research - Category: Addiction Source Type: research
When you think of menopause, you might think of hot flashes and night sweats. But many women also experience symptoms of depression. The risk of depression doubles or even quadruples during the menopausal transition, which has researchers looking for ways to address — or even prevent — the problem. One study published in JAMA Psychiatry found that hormone therapy may help ward off symptoms of peri- and postmenopausal depression in some women. Researchers found that perimenopausal and early postmenopausal women who were treated with hormones were less likely to experience symptoms of depression than women in the...
Source: Harvard Health Blog - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Anxiety and Depression Health Menopause Source Type: blogs
This study shows the rates of depression, anxiety and other mental health conditions among LGBT people.
Source: Current Awareness Service for Health (CASH) - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news
Kevin Love is one of the toughest players in the NBA but the embodiment of that type of masculinity is 'outdated' and 'dangerous' and stops men from seeking help for depression and anxiety, according to the Cleveland Cavaliers forward.
Source: Reuters: Health - Category: Consumer Health News Tags: healthNews Source Type: news
IntroductionPlacement of spinal cord stimulation (SCS) paddles under general anesthesia using intraoperative neuromonitoring (IONM) has been shown to be associated with equivocal or superior clinical outcomes in comparative studies. The value of IONM in percutaneous permanent SCS placement has not been demonstrated.MethodsOutcomes for patients under percutaneous SCS placement performed with IONM were prospectively collected. Descriptive outcomes included numerical rating scale (NRS), the Oswestry disability index (ODI), McGill pain questionnaire, pain catastrophizing scale score (PCS), and Beck Depression Inventory. We als...
Source: Neuromodulation - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: Clinical Research Source Type: research
AbstractA cross-sectional study was conducted to examine how mindfulness capability influences the relationship between weight-based stigma (i.e., weight stigma concerns and perceived weight discrimination) and negative emotion symptoms by using a sample of 293 with overweight and obesity (52.9% female; mean age of 22.5  years; standard deviation of 0.68). The questionnaires comprised a survey on weight-based stigma, the Short Inventory of Mindfulness Capability, and the Depression Anxiety Stress Scale, and the variables of interest were measured before data analysis. The analytical results support the hypotheses that...
Source: Mindfulness - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research
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