Papers of note in Science Translational Medicine 9 (394)

This week’s articles describe how broccoli can combat type 2 diabetes, how monocytes contribute to the failure of organ transplant grafts, and how to more durably treat RET- or KRAS-driven lung cancer.
Source: Signal Transduction Knowledge Environment - Category: Science Authors: Tags: STKE Editors ' Choice Source Type: news

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In this study, we show that calorie restriction is protective against age-related increases in senescence and microglia activation and pro-inflammatory cytokine expression in an animal model of aging. Further, these protective effects mitigated age-related decline in neuroblast and neuronal production, and enhanced olfactory memory performance, a behavioral index of neurogenesis in the SVZ. Our results support the concept that calorie restriction might be an effective anti-aging intervention in the context of healthy brain aging. Greater Modest Activity in Late Life Correlates with Lower Incidence of Dementia ...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Newsletters Source Type: blogs
One of the reasons why the Wheat Belly lifestyle is so spectacularly effective for restoring health, losing weight, and turning back the clock a decade or two is because we reject the flawed logic of conventional nutritional advice. There is a long list of reasons why conventional nutritional advice gets it so wrong, from logical blunders, to relying on flawed observational evidence (rather than clinical trials), to getting too cozy with Big Food companies like Coca Cola and Kraft. Let’s discuss a common and widely-held blunder in logic that is applied over and over again in nutrition: If something bad is replaced by...
Source: Wheat Belly Blog - Category: Cardiology Authors: Tags: News & Updates gluten-free grain-free grains undoctored wheat belly Source Type: blogs
Each year, Americans’ most popular New Year’s resolutions are more or less the same: get healthy, get organized, save money. But doctors at the American Medical Association (AMA) have some more specific thoughts in mind for 2019. The AMA this week released a list of 10 wellness-focused resolutions that could “help Americans make the most impactful, long-lasting improvements to their health in 2019.” Here’s what they are — and how to make them happen. Learn your risk for type 2 diabetes Diabetes is one of the most common chronic health conditions in the U.S., affecting an estimated 30 mil...
Source: TIME: Health - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Uncategorized healthytime Holidays 2018 public health Source Type: news
Each year, Americans’ most popular New Year’s resolutions are more or less the same: get healthy, get organized, save money. But doctors at the American Medical Association (AMA) have some more specific thoughts in mind for 2019. The AMA this week released a list of 10 wellness-focused resolutions that could “help Americans make the most impactful, long-lasting improvements to their health in 2019.” Here’s what they are — and how to make them happen. Learn your risk for type 2 diabetes Diabetes is one of the most common chronic health conditions in the U.S., affecting an estimated 30 mil...
Source: TIME: Health - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Uncategorized healthytime Holidays 2018 public health Source Type: news
Preclinical evidence suggests that metformin, a widely used antidiabetic drug, may have a sensitizing effect on platinum. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the survival outcomes for non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) using metformin during platinum-based chemotherapy. The clinicopathological parameters and survival data of 75 NSCLC patients with T2DM from January 2008 to December 2011 were collected and analyzed retrospectively. Patients were divided into 2 groups: metformin exposure group (nā€Š=ā€Š27) and non-metformin group (patients using other hypoglycemic agents o...
Source: Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Research Article: Observational Study Source Type: research
The dream about a drop of blood signaling a wide range of diagnostic results was shattered with Elizabeth Holmes and the Theranos scam. The machination of the company has set back the innovation of blood testing and investment into the field for years. However, there’s always hope. The Medical Futurist looked around where blood testing stands today and what’s the future it is heading towards. Dreaming about a home laboratory Stephen just came home from walking his dog, Barney, an always smiling labrador. The 40-something got off his smart shoes, sat back on the yellow couch that he and her partner, Sara, were f...
Source: The Medical Futurist - Category: Information Technology Authors: Tags: Biotechnology Business Future of Medicine Medical Professionals Patients Portable Diagnostics Researchers blood blood draw blood test blood testing digital health health market home Innovation laboratory theranos Source Type: blogs
Publication date: November 2018Source: Pharmacological Research, Volume 137Author(s): D. Visca, P. Pignatti, A. Spanevello, E. Lucini, E. La RoccaAbstractDiabetes is a common metabolic disorder affecting the entire body with high morbidity and mortality worldwide. The major complications related to diabetes are mostly due to the macrovascular and microvascular bed impairment due to metabolic, hemodynamic and inflammatory factors. However, studies over the past decades have added also the lung as a target organ in both type 1 and type 2 diabetes. Diabetes has always been addressed as a major comorbidity conditioning the dis...
Source: Pharmacological Research - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
This study shows that some genetic changes linked to cancer are present in surprisingly large numbers of normal cells. We still have a long way to go to fully understand the implications of these new findings, but as cancer researchers, we can't underestimate the importance of studying healthy tissue." Early Onset of Menopause Correlates with Shorter Life Expectancy https://www.fightaging.org/archives/2018/10/early-onset-of-menopause-correlates-with-shorter-life-expectancy/ Aging is a phenomenon affecting all organs and systems throughout the body, driven by rising levels of molecular damage. The v...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Newsletters Source Type: blogs
Publication date: Available online 9 October 2018Source: Pharmacological ResearchAuthor(s): D. Visca, P. Pignatti, A. Spanevello, E. Lucini, E. La RoccaAbstractDiabetes is a common metabolic disorder affecting the entire body with high morbidity and mortality worldwide. The major complications related to diabetes are mostly due to the macrovascular and microvascular bed impairment due to metabolic, hemodynamic and inflammatory factors. However, studies over the past decades have added also the lung as a target organ in both type 1 and type 2 diabetes. Diabetes has always been addressed as a major comorbidity conditioning t...
Source: Pharmacological Research - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
Breast cancer is the most prevalent cancer in the U.S., affecting almost 85 of every 100,000 Americans, according to recent data from the World Health Organization’s International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC). Around the globe, 627,000 people are projected to die from breast cancer this year alone. The silver lining is that with early detection and proper care, breast cancer is among the most treatable forms of the disease. In the U.S., breast cancer deaths dropped by 40% between 1989 and 2015, thanks to better screening and access to care — but a large body of research suggests that widespread adoption...
Source: TIME: Health - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Uncategorized breast cancer news Source Type: news
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