Effect of moxibustion on tumor necrosis factor- α and nuclear transcription factor kappa B in ankle joints of rats with rheumatoid arthritis

AbstractObjectiveTo observe the effect of moxibustion on the expressions of tumor necrosis factor- α (TNF-α) and nuclear transcription factor kappa B (NF-κB) proteins in ankle joints of rats with rheumatoid arthritis (RA), and to explore the anti-inflammatory mechanism of moxibustion in the treatment of RA.MethodsAdjuvant arthritis (AA) rat models were induced and used as rat models of RA. Rats were randomly divided into a normal group, a model group, a moxibustion group and a saline group. Rats in the normal and model groups were not treated; rats in the moxibustion group accepted treatment by moxibustion at Zusanli (ST 36) and Shenshu (BL 23) after modeling; rats in the saline group were injected with 0.15 mL saline to the bottom of the left hind paw and had no other treatments. Hematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining was used to observe the histopathological changes of rats ’ ankle joints under light microscope. Immunohistochemistry was used to observe the expressions of TNF-α and NF-κB in ankle joints of rats.ResultsCompared with the normal group, the rats ’ ankle joints in the model group showed disorganization, joint surface defect, and significantly increased mean optical density (MOD) of TNF-α and NF-κB (allP
Source: Journal of Acupuncture and Tuina Science - Category: Complementary Medicine Source Type: research

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We present a case series of 11 patients with severe alopecia areata on longstanding, regular to high dose oral tofacitinib with marked hair regrowth. Additionally, we present a case of moderate to severe alopecia areata successfully treated with topical tofacitinib cream. J Drugs Dermatol. 2018;17(7):800-803. PMID: 30005104 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Journal of Drugs in Dermatology - Category: Dermatology Tags: J Drugs Dermatol Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: In high BMI RA patients both SJC and DAS28 seem to be undervalued by clinical assessment when compared to US. PMID: 29998844 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Clinical and Experimental Rheumatology - Category: Rheumatology Tags: Clin Exp Rheumatol Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: The US scan of 3 target joints showed a high sensitivity in detecting subclinical active synovitis in RA patients in clinical remission and can be feasible in the routine assessment of these patients. PMID: 29998842 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Clinical and Experimental Rheumatology - Category: Rheumatology Tags: Clin Exp Rheumatol Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Over a 10-year follow-up period, reclassification revealed significant heterogeneity in the diagnosis of seronegative RA. Therefore, seronegative arthritis should not be studied as a homogenous entity. PMID: 29998832 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Clinical and Experimental Rheumatology - Category: Rheumatology Tags: Clin Exp Rheumatol Source Type: research
Authors: Watanabe T, Hattori T, Ogawa Y, Jodo S PMID: 29998828 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Clinical and Experimental Rheumatology - Category: Rheumatology Tags: Clin Exp Rheumatol Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: IB was well-tolerated and comparable to IO, with no additional safety signals identified. The results suggest superior survival of IB over IO over the first 2 years. PMID: 29998827 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Clinical and Experimental Rheumatology - Category: Rheumatology Tags: Clin Exp Rheumatol Source Type: research
Authors: Bahlas S, Damiati L, Dandachi N, Sait H, Alsefri M, Pushparaj PN Abstract OBJECTIVES: Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a chronic autoimmune inflammatory disease of unknown etiology, characterised by symmetric erosive synovitis, leading inevitably to the destruction of cartilage and bone as well as bursa and tendon sheaths of joints. Our aim of this study was to decipher the differential expression of cytokines, chemokines and growth factors in the plasma of RA patients with active disease, using magnetic bead-based Luminex Multiple Analyte Profiling (xMAP) technology, for precision medicine. METHODS: We ob...
Source: Clinical and Experimental Rheumatology - Category: Rheumatology Tags: Clin Exp Rheumatol Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Under MTX therapy, biochemical cartilage integrity remains stable; no further cartilage destruction occurred if patients were treated early in the course of the disease. In addition, six months of MTX therapy triggered an alignment of dGEMRIC index of MCP joints with initially severe synovitis and less severe synovitis in an intra-individual assessment. This underlines the importance of an early treatment in eRA to reduce further cartilage damage of the inflamed joints. PMID: 29998824 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Clinical and Experimental Rheumatology - Category: Rheumatology Tags: Clin Exp Rheumatol Source Type: research
The prevalence and relevance of traditional cardiovascular risk factors in primary Sjögren's syndrome. Clin Exp Rheumatol. 2018 May 30; Authors: Bartoloni E, Alunno A, Valentini V, Valentini E, La Paglia GMC, Leone MC, Cafaro G, Marcucci E, Bonifacio AF, Luccioli F, Gerli R Abstract Accelerated atherosclerosis is a distinct feature of some inflammatory and autoimmune disorders and several specific autoimmune mechanisms and persistent inflammation have been identified to exert a pivotal role in precocious atherosclerotic damage in these disorders. Although increased atherosclerotic risk has been we...
Source: Clinical and Experimental Rheumatology - Category: Rheumatology Tags: Clin Exp Rheumatol Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Our data fail to show an increased prevalence of anti-glycan antibodies in AS or PsA patients. ACCA were found to be significantly higher in RA patients than in controls, and may serve as an inflammatory biomarker. The present results do not support a role for antiglycan antibodies as biomarkers for spondyloarthritis. PMID: 29998822 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Clinical and Experimental Rheumatology - Category: Rheumatology Tags: Clin Exp Rheumatol Source Type: research
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