Pediatric Lyme Arthritis of the Hip: The Great Imitator?
Background: Lyme arthritis (LA) of the hip can present similarly to septic arthritis (SA) and transient synovitis (TS). The primary purpose of this study was to determine clinical and laboratory parameters differentiating LA of the hip from SA or TS among children who had undergone hip aspiration during the evaluation of hip pain. Methods: This was a retrospective review of all patients who underwent hip aspiration for the evaluation of hip pain at a tertiary care children’s hospital in a Lyme endemic area. Clinical and laboratory data were reviewed and comparative analyses were performed between those diagnosed with LA, SA, and TS. Independent samples t test, ANOVA, and χ2 test were used to compare clinical and laboratory variables as appropriate. Multivariable logistic regression was used to elucidate independent predictors of LA. Statistical significance was set at P
CONCLUSION: Documenting carer, service provider and healthcare practitioner perspectives on skin infections provides a more informed understanding of the context in which treatment decisions are made. The ongoing need for culturally appropriate targeted, translational health education; improved treatment guidelines and feasible, painless treatments; and potential for the use of bush medicines for skin infections were themes that emerged. PMID: 31540550 [PubMed - in process]
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Discussion Pulmonary embolism (PE) is potentially life-threatening but fortunately rare event especially in the pediatric population. It was first described in children in 1861. PE is likely underreported because of minimal or non-specific clinical symptoms. The incidence is estimated at 0.05-4.2% with the 4.2% based on autopsy reports. It is probably also increasing as more central venous catheters (CVC) are used, and more children are surviving previously poor prognostic diseases. There is a bimodal distribution with cases
In this study, we adapted a chemiluminescent enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (CL ELISA), using two multi-epitope recombinant proteins (PQ10 and PQ20) and a crude Leishmania antigen produced using promastigotes of L. infantum, as antigens to detect CVL infection in animals from Belo Horizonte. To investigate cross-reactions, samples from dogs with other infections (babesiosis, ehrlichiosis and Trypanosoma cruzi) were tested. Assay performance validations were conducted to analyse parameters such as variability, reproducibility, and stability.CL ELISA sensitivity/specificity with PQ10 antigen was 93.1%/80.0%; with the PQ20...
Purpose of review To review the clinical diagnosis, management and natural history of septic arthritis of the hip (SAH) in the pediatric patient, and to highlight new information that may improve the management of these patients. Recent findings The basics of management of possible pediatric SAH have remained largely unchanged for generations. New questions have been raised regarding the role and timing of advanced imaging (MRI) in the evaluation of patients with possible SAH. Published criteria have been derived to guide the need for MRI studies in these patients. Validation of these guidelines continues. Recent revi...
Conclusions: Although septic arthritis of the knee and Lyme monoarthritis share common features that can make them difficult to distinguish clinically, the presence of pain with short arc motion, C-reactive protein of>4.0 mg/L, patient-reported history of fever, and age younger than 2 years were independent predictive factors of septic arthritis in pediatric patients. The more factors that are present, the higher the risk of having septic arthritis. Level of Evidence: Diagnostic Level III. See Instructions for Authors for a complete description of levels of evidence.