The Utility of Screening Colonoscopy During Kidney Transplant Evaluation.

CONCLUSIONS: The overall rate of adenomatous findings on colonoscopy was higher among patients with pretransplant end-stage renal disease than in the general population, as shown in other studies. Age, sex, dialysis vintage up to 3 years, and hypertensive renal failure were associated with adenomatous polyps of the colon in this study population. Because adenomatous polyp rates are high in patients with chronic kidney disease who are undergoing transplant evaluation and colonoscopic findings do not appear to delay transplant evaluations or listing rates, screening colonoscopies should be encouraged. PMID: 28621634 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Experimental and Clinical Transplantation : official journal of the Middle East Society for Organ Transplantation - Category: Transplant Surgery Authors: Tags: Exp Clin Transplant Source Type: research

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Abstract Sarcoma of the breast is extremely rare and differs from epithelial breast carcinomas in staging and treatment. Diagnostic workup includes breast imaging and core biopsy as in breast epithelial carcinoma. Surgical management is often wide local excision in the form of breast conservation if possible for primary breast sarcoma or total mastectomy. Radiation-associated breast angiosarcomas often require total mastectomy with radical excision of skin. Breast sarcomas have a hematogenous spread so lymph node evaluation is not a part of treatment or staging. Local recurrence rates are high; prognosis remains p...
Source: The Surgical Clinics of North America - Category: Surgery Authors: Tags: Surg Clin North Am Source Type: research
HIGH blood pressure risk could be reduced by making diet or exercise changes. But,  patients could lower their risk of hypertension symptoms by adding this cheap supplement to their daily routine.
Source: Daily Express - Health - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news
Patient Presentation A 3.5-year-old female came to clinic with a 2-day history fever up to 101°F. The evening before she had complained of a sore throat but had no rhinorrhea, cough or rash. She was drinking reasonably well and was urinating frequently. She had been to a birthday party where an older child had had strep throat. The past medical history was positive for Kawasaki Disease diagnosed at 17 months of age and treated with intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG) on day 6 of fever. Her echocardiograms had been negative and she was being appropriately monitored by cardiology. The family history was positive for heart...
Source: PediatricEducation.org - Category: Pediatrics Authors: Tags: Uncategorized Source Type: news
ConclusionSince most investigated parameters showed no associations, participants with a lifetime history of MDD in this cohort did not carry a specific risk for a worsening of pre-existing clinically manifest CVRFs. Our findings extend evidence of MDD severity and bipolar disorder as important correlates of long-term changes of arterial hypertension and obesity.
Source: European Archives of Psychiatry and Clinical Neuroscience - Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research
AbstractPurpose of ReviewBiopsy-negative rejection is a condition defined by a cardiac dysfunction with a left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) ≤ 45% with normal histology and with the absence of other causes of cardiac allograft damage. The purpose of this review is to determine the incidence of biopsy-negative rejection, the therapeutics, and the outcome in the light of new techniques of evaluation or detection of acute rejection in h eart-transplanted patients. Although rare, many physicians have once experienced this difficult situation. Even though it is considered the gold standard for the diagnosis of ...
Source: Current Transplantation Reports - Category: Transplant Surgery Source Type: research
AbstractPurpose of ReviewTo consider the relative importance of factors associated with post-keratoplasty endothelial cell loss.Recent FindingsLamellar keratoplasty continues to supplant penetrating keratoplasty. When host endothelium is healthy, retaining it with deep anterior lamellar keratoplasty significantly reduces long-term endothelial cell loss. Endothelial keratoplasty and penetrating keratoplasty differ fundamentally in relative rates of early and late central endothelial cell loss, yet at 10  years, their cumulative cell loss is similarly substantial. The greatest risk factor for post-keratoplasty endotheli...
Source: Current Ophthalmology Reports - Category: Opthalmology Source Type: research
AbstractPurpose of reviewRecent studies demonstrate that normal human tissues accumulate substantial numbers of somatic mutations with aging, to levels comparable to their corresponding cancers. If mutations cause cancer, how do tissues avoid cancer when mutations are unavoidable?Recent findingsThe small intestines (SI) and colon accumulate similar numbers of replication errors, but SI adenocarcinoma is much rarer than colorectal cancer. Both the small and large intestines are subdivided into millions of small neighborhoods (crypts) that are maintained by small numbers of stem cells. To explain the SI cancer paradox, four ...
Source: Current Pathobiology Reports - Category: Laboratory Medicine Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: This is the first case to our knowledge describing both such lesions in one patient and the first case describing the use of 2-(3-{1-carboxy-5-[(6-[18F]fluoro-pyridine-3-carbonyl)-amino]-pentyl}-ureido)-pentanedioic acid (18F-DCFPyL)-PSMA PET/CT to detect IPAS. Furthermore we highlight the value of nuclear medicine diagnostic work up in complex cases. PMID: 30006647 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Hellenic Journal of Nuclear Medicine - Category: Nuclear Medicine Tags: Hell J Nucl Med Source Type: research
Abstract Ductal carcinoma in situ has been stable in incidence for a decade and has an excellent prognosis. Breast conservation therapy is safe and effective for most patients. Adjuvant whole breast radiation therapy is recommended to reduce the risk of local recurrence. Accelerated partial breast irradiation is a promising alternative to decrease toxicity and improve cosmetic results. Adjuvant hormonal therapy can reduce local recurrence, but should be used cautiously. Future directions in management include developing predictive tools for guidance for use of adjuvant therapy and selecting low-risk patients ...
Source: Clinical Breast Cancer - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Surg Clin North Am Source Type: research
This article reviews the early successes of anti-PD-1 therapies and adoptive T-cell therapies for metastatic anal cancer as a potential foundation for novel combination immunotherapy trials in the future. PMID: 30006430 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Journal of the National Comprehensive Cancer Network : JNCCN - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: J Natl Compr Canc Netw Source Type: research
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