Hepatitis A virus strains circulating during 1997 ‐2015 in Campania, a Southern Italy region with periodic outbreaks

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Source: Journal of Medical Virology - Category: Virology Authors: Tags: Research Article Source Type: research

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Researchers at University of Arizona College of Medicine have invented a new device that provides oxygen and support for people that need respiratory assistance for the COVID-19 outbreak. The device is a small-scale, low-pressure rebreathing system that removes carbon dioxide and introduces a mixture of helium and oxygen to the respiratory airways. The device could help a coronavirus patient earlier in the process and might reduce the need for ventilators. Phoenix-based startup S aiOx licensed…
Source: bizjournals.com Health Care:Biotechnology headlines - Category: Biotechnology Authors: Source Type: news
Trump says personal protective gear has nearly run out; Florida, Georgia, Mississippi ordered to shelter in place; record daily fatalities in UK. Follow the latest updates.At a glance: summary of key eventsWimbledon cancelled due to coronavirus crisisAustralia coronavirus – latest updatesSee all of our coronavirus coverage5.54amBSTThe Chinese city of Shenzhen has banned the eating of dogs and cats as part of a wider clampdown on the wildlife trade since the emergence of the new coronavirus, Reuters reports.Scientists suspect the coronavirus passed to humans from animals. Some of the earliest infections were found in ...
Source: Guardian Unlimited Science - Category: Science Authors: Tags: Coronavirus outbreak UK news World news Science Infectious diseases Middle East and North Africa South Africa Russia China Japan Asia Pacific Europe Medical research Microbiology Source Type: news
Grim milestone approaches as WHO chief says he is ‘deeply concerned’ about spreadCoronavirus – latest updatesSee all our coronavirus coverageCovid-19 infections are nearing the one million mark after “near exponential growth” saw global cases more than double in the past week.The World Health Organization chief, Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus, warned of the approaching milestone as new cases reached almost every country and territory across the world.Continue reading...
Source: Guardian Unlimited Science - Category: Science Authors: Tags: Coronavirus outbreak US news Infectious diseases Science World news Europe Source Type: news
In the midst of the COVID-19 pandemic, the NIEHS Worker Training Program showcased strategies to protect frontline workers, during a virtual workshop. (read more)
Source: Environmental Factor - NIEHS Newsletter - Category: Environmental Health Source Type: news
Conclusions: Continuing shifts in society's cultural landscape, ongoing emphasis on value versus volume, and other industry fiscal imperatives continue to evoke an evolution in end-of-life care. The attainment of successful outcomes by professional case managers with those populations will be dependent on awareness and comprehension of regulations, legislation, and reimbursement; the influences of ongoing industry trends; availability of emerging resources; and ongoing technological advances. Ethical excellence remains at the core of case management across the interprofessional workforce and the transitions of care. Imp...
Source: Professional Case Management - Category: Health Management Tags: Articles Source Type: research
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Source: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice - Category: Health Management Tags: Editorial Source Type: research
Context: In the midst of the current opioid epidemic, states have selected differing legislative routes implementing pathways to ensure access to clean needles and syringes. Objective: To determine whether states that implemented laws supporting syringe exchange programs (SEPs) had reductions in transmission rates of hepatitis B, hepatitis C, and HIV infection compared with states without such laws. Design and Setting: Utilizing a longitudinal panel design, we determined the legal status of SEPs in each state for years 1983-2016. Disease transmission rates for this period were estimated via a simple Poisson regress...
Source: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice - Category: Health Management Tags: Research Reports: Research Full Report Source Type: research
Opioid-involved drug overdose deaths have been a growing concern in the United States for several decades. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention identified several strategies to address the opioid overdose epidemic, including increased availability of and access to medication-assisted treatment and guidance on safer opioid prescribing practices. Telehealth offers the potential for increasing access and availability to these strategies, and laws governing telehealth have implications for their utilization. To understand how state telehealth laws intersect with the opioid overdose epidemic, we conducted a legal mapp...
Source: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice - Category: Health Management Tags: Research Reports: Research Brief Report Source Type: research
Discussion: The RI Department of Health was able to successfully pilot a multidisciplinary review process for overdose deaths and has recently institutionalized this process through legislation. The successful implementation of many of the team's community-oriented recommendations, supported through a minigrant process, highlights the impact that small financial investments can have to address the opioid epidemic and may be a model for other jurisdictions seeking to advance recommendations from these types of reviews.
Source: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice - Category: Health Management Tags: Research Reports: Practice Full Report Source Type: research
Abstract: Hepatitis A is a common infectious disease worldwide that was endemic in many regions of Southern Italy, such as Apulia region. After a large hepatitis A outbreak occurred between 1996 and 1997, in Apulia an active-free immunization program that was targeted to new-borns and adolescents was started. The aim of this study is to investigate the hepatitis A seroprevalence in the adult Apulian population 18 years after the immunization program introduction, in order to evaluate the risk of new epidemics onset. The study was carried out from May 2011 to June 2012 among blood donors from Department of Transfusion Medi...
Source: Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Research Article: Observational Study Source Type: research
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