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Untreated Sleep Apnea May Worsen Markers Of Heart Health and Diabetes Untreated Sleep Apnea May Worsen Markers Of Heart Health and Diabetes

Properly treating obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) may have benefits for the heart and for blood sugar, a new study suggests.Reuters Health Information
Source: Medscape Pathology Headlines - Category: Pathology Tags: Family Medicine/Primary Care News Source Type: news

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Conclusions: In diabetic patients with NAFLD, light or moderate lifetime alcohol consumption was not significantly associated with liver fibrosis. The impact of lifetime alcohol intake on fibrosis progression and diabetic comorbidities, in particular obstructive sleep apnea and hypertriglyceridemia, requires further investigation. PMID: 29226116 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Canadian Journal of Gastroenterology - Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Can J Gastroenterol Hepatol Source Type: research
Publication date: March 2018 Source:Biomedical Signal Processing and Control, Volume 41 Author(s): Takahiro Emoto, Udantha R. Abeyratne, Kenichiro Kawano, Takuya Okada, Osamu Jinnouchi, Ikuji Kawata Obstructive sleep apnea-hypopnea syndrome (OSAHS) is known to cause daytime drowsiness and an association with diseases such as Type II diabetes, cardiovascular disease, and stroke. A polysomnography (PSG) test is the traditional method for diagnosing OSAHS. However, this test is expensive, inconvenient, and requires the placement of body contact sensors during sleep. Recently, in several studies, the snoring/breathing episode...
Source: Biomedical Signal Processing and Control - Category: Biomedical Science Source Type: research
The metabolic syndrome —otherwise called syndrome X, insulin resistance syndrome, Reaven syndrome, and “the deadly quartet”—is the name given to the aggregate of clinical conditions comprising central and abdominal obesity, systemic hypertension, insulin resistance (or type 2 diabetes mellitus), and atherogenic dy slipidemia. It is a prothrombotic and proinflammatory state characterized by increased inflammatory cytokine activity. In addition to inflammatory dermatoses such as psoriasis, lichen planus, and hidradenitis suppurativa, metabolic syndrome is also commonly associated with accelerated athe...
Source: Clinics in Dermatology - Category: Dermatology Authors: Source Type: research
Conclusions: The presence and the association of comorbidities seems to be higher in patients suffering from OSA, OS, OHS. Subjects suffering of OHS present a high prevalence of main diseases despite their younger age compared with others patients with SDB. Sleepiness may have a role, at least in a subset of these patients, into the development of comorbidities. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
Source: The Clinical Respiratory Journal - Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Tags: Original Article Source Type: research
Purpose of review Atrial fibrillation is the most common sustained cardiac arrhythmia, attributable to several factors that may be amenable through lifestyle modification. There is emerging evidence to suggest that the successful management of several cardiovascular risk factors [obesity, hypertension (HTN), diabetes mellitus, and obstructive sleep apnea (OSA)] can lead to fewer complications and atrial fibrillation prevention. However, the long-term sustainability and reproducibility of these effects have yet to be explored in larger studies. This review explores recent findings for exercise and lifestyle modifications ...
Source: Current Opinion in Cardiology - Category: Cardiology Tags: ARRHYTHMIAS: Edited by David Birnie Source Type: research
Conclusions: The body composition with subjects with HF and COPD showed a high deterioration that can lead to a worse condition.
Source: European Respiratory Journal - Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Tags: Clinical Problems Asthma Source Type: research
The role of body weight in the diagnosis of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is well known although the mechanisms through which this occurs remain a subject of discussion. Our hospital employs routine screening for OSA in bariatric surgery candidates regardless of sleep complaints.Our aim was to compare morbidly obese patients (body mass index (BMI) ≥ 40kg/m2) with and without OSA regarding age, sleepiness (using the Epworth scale and considered positive if>12/24), smoking habits, snoring and medical comorbidities.Patients were screened with a type III cardio-respiratory polygraphy. Out of a total of 264 screened patie...
Source: European Respiratory Journal - Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Tags: Sleep and Control of Breathing Source Type: research
Conclusions: Decreased levels of survivin in OSA suggest impaired immunoregulation in this disorder. Further studies are warranted to investigate the role of survivin in this disease.
Source: European Respiratory Journal - Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Tags: Sleep and Control of Breathing Source Type: research
Introduction: Arterial stiffness measured by carotid-femoral pulse wave velocity (PWV) is elevated in severe OSA. A 1m/s increase in PWV is associated with a 15% increased risk of mortality. There is a paucity of data regarding long term evolution of PWV in CPAP-treated OSA.Aims: To measure PWV evolution in CPAP-treated OSA.Methods: In a prospective obese OSA cohort, we collected PWV, clinical and biological metabolic data, incident cardiovascular events and CPAP adherence at time of diagnosis and after at least 5-year follow-up.Results: 72 OSA (men: 52.8%, median age: 55.8 years and median BMI of 38.5 kg/m2) with a high p...
Source: European Respiratory Journal - Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Tags: Sleep and Control of Breathing Source Type: research
Background: Obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) predisposes to cardiovascular (CV) events and mortality. Continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) is considered to decrease the risk, but the results are not consistent.Aims and objectives: We sought to evaluate whether adequate CPAP use reduces the risk for CV events and mortality in OSAS patients.Methods: We performed a retrospective study in groups of OSAS patients matched for gender, age and apnea-hypopnea index (AHI). The cases consisted of 1030 OSAS patients with good adherence to CPAP (median use of 6.4 h/d, follow-up time on average 9.0 years). The control group...
Source: European Respiratory Journal - Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Tags: Sleep and Control of Breathing Source Type: research
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