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Aggressive behavior among persons with schizophrenia and those who are developing schizophrenia: attempting to understand the limited evidence on causality - Hodgins S.

People with, and those who are developing, schizophrenia are at increased risk to engage in aggressive behavior (AGB). Some incidents lead to criminal prosecution. Most people with schizophrenia who commit crimes engage in delinquency and/or AGB prior to f...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Violence and Weapons Issues Source Type: news

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Source: Schizophrenia Research - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Based on these naturalistic data, low exposure to adjunctive benzodiazepine and antidepressant medications does not seem to affect cognition nor explain the possible negative effects of high dose long-term antipsychotic medication on cognition in schizophrenia. PMID: 28728095 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists - Category: Psychiatry Tags: Eur Psychiatry Source Type: research
Authors: Hengartner MP, Heekeren K, Dvorsky D, Walitza S, Rössler W, Theodoridou A Abstract BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to critically examine the prognostic validity of various clinical high-risk (CHR) criteria alone and in combination with additional clinical characteristics. METHODS: A total of 188 CHR positive persons from the region of Zurich, Switzerland (mean age 20.5 years; 60.2% male), meeting ultra high-risk (UHR) and/or basic symptoms (BS) criteria, were followed over three years. The test battery included the Structured Interview for Prodromal Syndromes (SIPS), verbal IQ and many other...
Source: Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists - Category: Psychiatry Tags: Eur Psychiatry Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: These results are consistent with the assumption of hyperfunctioning dopaminergic cortico-subcortical circuits in schizophrenia, which might be related with an alteration of subcortical structures, such as the hippocampus, along the course of the disease. According with these results, hippocampus abnormalities may serve as a prognostic marker of clinical outcome in patients with a first-episode psychosis. PMID: 28728089 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists - Category: Psychiatry Tags: Eur Psychiatry Source Type: research
Authors: Möller HJ PMID: 28725951 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: European Archives of Psychiatry and Clinical Neuroscience - Category: Psychiatry Tags: Eur Arch Psychiatry Clin Neurosci Source Type: research
Source: Current Psychiatry Reviews - Category: Psychiatry Authors: Tags: Articles Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 20 July 2017 Source:The Lancet Psychiatry Author(s): Yikang Zhu, Marc Krause, Maximilian Huhn, Philipp Rothe, Johannes Schneider-Thoma, Anna Chaimani, Chunbo Li, John M Davis, Stefan Leucht Background The first episode of schizophrenia is a pivotal phase of this debilitating illness. Which drug to use remains controversial without a summary of all direct or indirect comparisons of drugs. We did a systematic review with pairwise and network meta-analyses of efficacy and tolerability. Methods We searched MEDLINE, Embase, PsycINFO, Cochrane Library, PubMed, Biosis, and ClinicalTrials.gov fo...
Source: The Lancet Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 20 July 2017 Source:The Lancet Psychiatry Author(s): David Taylor
Source: The Lancet Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
Forensic patients with schizophrenia who had carried out a homicide scored higher on a measure of moral cognition (MFQ-30) than other violent patients. Neurocognitive impairment was associated with homicide by mediation via higher scores for in-group loyal...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Jurisprudence, Laws, Legislation, Policies, Rules Source Type: news
A scientific collaboration between researchers at IBM and the University of Alberta in Canada has come up with a software tool that analyzes functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) scans of patient brains and with 74% accuracy diagnoses schizophrenia. Moreover, the software’s algorithms were also able to reasonably estimate how bad the symptoms of the disease were in individual patients. The team used fMRI data from the Function Biomedical Informatics Research Network that contains a large number and variety of imaging scans of brains of different patients. The investigators took 95 scans from a collection ...
Source: Medgadget - Category: Medical Devices Authors: Tags: Informatics Neurology Psychiatry Radiology Source Type: blogs
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