Untreated sleep apnea may worsen markers of heart health and diabetes

(Reuters Health) - - Properly treating a common sleep-related breathing disorder may have benefits for the heart and for blood sugar, a new study suggests.
Source: Reuters: Health - Category: Consumer Health News Tags: healthNews Source Type: news

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ConclusionsThe findings of this pilot study suggest that increased lipid peroxidation is associated with insulin resistance and hypertension in obese children and adolescents, while OSA has most likely minor influence.
Source: Sleep and Breathing - Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research
ConclusionsSG seems effective and safe in obese HIV patients. However, ART treatment should be monitored post-SG to control HIV infection. We suggest that some ART should be adapted  before SG conjoints with infectious disease specialists.
Source: Obesity Surgery - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
We examined the relationship between arousal indices and sleep stages in patients with obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) and carotid atherosclerosis.MethodsCarotid atherosclerosis severity was evaluated using the maximal carotid wall intima-media thickness of the ICA (ICA-maxIMT) and plaque in 83 patients with OSAS.ResultsThe ICA-maxIMT values were positively correlated with the apnea hypopnea index (AHI) (ρ = 0.294,P = 0.007), arousal index (ρ = 0.289,P = 0.008), oxygen desaturation index (ρ = 0.298,P = 0.006), percentage...
Source: Sleep and Breathing - Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research
We examined the relationship between arousal indices and sleep stages in patients with obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) and carotid atherosclerosis. METHODS: Carotid atherosclerosis severity was evaluated using the maximal carotid wall intima-media thickness of the ICA (ICA-maxIMT) and plaque in 83 patients with OSAS. RESULTS: The ICA-maxIMT values were positively correlated with the apnea hypopnea index (AHI) (ρ = 0.294, P = 0.007), arousal index (ρ = 0.289, P = 0.008), oxygen desaturation index (ρ = 0.298, P =&thinsp...
Source: Sleep and Breathing - Category: Sleep Medicine Authors: Tags: Sleep Breath Source Type: research
Abstract With the rapid changes of lifestyle in modern society, including high nutritional intake and reduced physical activity, the incidence of metabolic diseases is increasing year by year. Obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) is a sleep disorder, usually characterized by sudden pauses of breathing during sleep with interrupted sleep rhythm. Although the pathological mechanism remains poorly understood, it is strongly associated with metabolic diseases, including obesity, insulin resistance, type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). In this mini-review, we briefly summari...
Source: Endocrinology - Category: Endocrinology Authors: Tags: Endocrinology Source Type: research
The spectrum of sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) ranges from mild snoring to obstructive sleep apnea, the most severe form of SDB. Current recommendations are to treat these women with continuous positive airway pressure despite limited data. SDB in early and mid-pregnancy is associated with preeclampsia and gestational diabetes. Pregnant women with a diagnosis of obstructive sleep apnea at delivery were at significantly increased risk of having cardiomyopathy, congestive heart failure, pulmonary embolism, and in-hospital death. These effects were exacerbated in the presence of obesity. Postpartum, these women are at risk ...
Source: Obstetrics and Gynecology Clinics - Category: OBGYN Authors: Source Type: research
Source: Patient Preference and Adherence - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Patient Preference and Adherence Source Type: research
Publication date: June 2018 Source:Obstetrics and Gynecology Clinics of North America, Volume 45, Issue 2 Author(s): Jennifer E. Dominguez, Linda Street, Judette LouisTeaser The spectrum of sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) ranges from mild snoring to obstructive sleep apnea, the most severe form of SDB. Current recommendations are to treat these women with continuous positive airway pressure despite limited data. SDB in early and mid-pregnancy is associated with preeclampsia and gestational diabetes. Pregnant women with a diagnosis of obstructive sleep apnea at delivery were at significantly increased risk of having cardi...
Source: Obstetrics and Gynecology Clinics of North America - Category: OBGYN Source Type: research
This article reviews the clinical questions and bottom-line answers from these studies. Blood pressure should be measured after a period of rest, using a bare arm, and orthostatic blood pressure is more predictive when measured after one minute of standing rather than three minutes. Intensive blood pressure lowering results in cardiovascular benefits but also renal harms in high-risk patients with an average age of 68 years. The initiation of a statin for primary prevention does not reduce cardiovascular events in adults 65 years or older. Sterile gloves do not reduce the risk of infection for common outpatient skin proced...
Source: American Family Physician - Category: Primary Care Authors: Tags: Am Fam Physician Source Type: research
Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is a common sleep disorder disease, which is characterized by recurrent partial (hypopnea) or complete (apnea) obstruction of the upper airway [1]. These obstructions will lead to an increased sleep fragmentation, a decline oxygen saturation, and a reduction in airflow companied with loud snoring [2]. Sydrome of OSA is considered as the independent risk factor for a series of cardiovascular disease, including coronary artery disease, systemic arterial hypertension, cerebral vascular events and so on [3].
Source: Primary Care Diabetes - Category: Primary Care Authors: Tags: Original research Source Type: research
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