Advancing Alternative Analysis: Integration of Decision Science

Conclusions: We advance four recommendations: a) engaging the systematic development and evaluation of decision approaches and tools; b) using case studies to advance the integration of decision analysis into alternatives analysis; c) supporting transdisciplinary research; and d) supporting education and outreach efforts. Received: 16 December 2015 Revised: 09 May 2016 Accepted: 19 September 2016 Published: 13 June 2017 Address correspondence to T. F. Malloy, UCLA School of Law, Box 951476, 3113 Law Building, Los Angeles, CA, 90095-1476. Telephone: 310-794-5278. Supplemental Material is available online The authors declare they have no actual or potential competing financial interests. Note to readers with disabilities: EHP strives to ensure that all journal content is accessible to all readers. However, some figures and Supplemental Material published in EHP articles may not conform to 508 standards due to the complexity of the information being presented. If you need assistance accessing journal content, please contact Our staff will work with you to assess and meet your accessibility needs within 3 working days. Supplemental Material PDF (914 KB) Note to readers with disabilities: EHP has provided a 508-conformant table of contents summarizing the Supplemental Material for this article (see below) so read...
Source: EHP Research - Category: Environmental Health Authors: Tags: Review Source Type: research

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Authors: Cao P, Li Y, Tang Y, Ding C, Hunter DJ Abstract Introduction: Osteoarthritis (OA) is the leading cause of pain, loss of function and disability in the elderly, with the knee being the most impactful joint affected. Currently, there is still no 'cure' in OA treatment.Areas covered: The authors review the current and emerging therapies for knee OA including traditional OA medications (oral and topical NSAIDs, acetaminophen, and opioids) and emerging treatments including disease-modifying OA drugs. The failures of agents that have been through clinical trials are also summarized. Furthermore, the authors prov...
Source: Expert Opinion on Pharmacotherapy - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Tags: Expert Opin Pharmacother Source Type: research
Purpose of review A recent meta-analysis of data from international case–control studies reports a population attributable fraction of 16% for occupational factors in the cause of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF). Smoking, genetic factors and other prevalent diseases only partly explain IPF, and so this review aims to summarize recent progress in establishing which occupational exposures are important in cause. Recent findings IPF is a rare disease, although it is the commonest idiopathic interstitial pneumonia. Epidemiological study suggests that incidence of IPF is increasing, particularly in older men. The...
Source: Current Opinion in Allergy and Clinical Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Tags: OCCUPATIONAL DISEASE: Edited by Susan M. Tarlo and Piero Maestrelli Source Type: research
Publication date: May 2020Source: Research in Developmental Disabilities, Volume 100Author(s): David Murphy
Source: Research in Developmental Disabilities - Category: Disability Source Type: research
Conclusion3D printed models can be helpful in surgical planning of congenital heart malformations. It should be strongly considered as an additional tool in complex cases.
Source: Journal of Cardiac Surgery - Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Authors: Tags: CASE REPORT Source Type: research
AbstractThe use of psychotropic drugs (antipsychotics, benzodiazepines and benzodiazepine-related drugs, and antidepressants) is common, with a prevalence estimates range of 19 –29% among community dwelling older adults. These drugs are often prescribed for off-label use, including neuropsychiatric symptoms. The older adult population also has high rates of pneumonia and some of these cases may be associated with adverse drug events. In this narrative review, we summariz e the findings from current observational studies on the association between psychotropic drug use and pneumonia in older adults. In addition to stu...
Source: Drugs and Aging - Category: Geriatrics Source Type: research
This study aimed to evaluate the validity of the Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Arthritis Index Short Form (WOMAC-SF) for the assessment of musculoskeletal disorders. We evaluated whether WOMAC-SF correlated with the World Health Organization Disability Assessment Schedule 12 (WHODAS-12) and Kaigo-Yobo questionnaires for assessing health-outcomes in Korea. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This cross-sectional study used data from the Namgaram-2 cohort. WOMAC, WOMAC-SF, WHODAS-12, and Kaigo-Yobo questionnaires were administered to patients with musculoskeletal disorders, including radiology-confirmed knee osteoarthrit...
Source: Yonsei Medical Journal - Category: Universities & Medical Training Authors: Tags: Yonsei Med J Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: Compared with the conventional approach, the wide-awake approach showed significantly better results in the thumb's range of motion and functional outcomes, especially in the early postoperative periods. CLINICAL QUESTION/LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Therapeutic, III. PMID: 32097314 [PubMed - in process]
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Leader to Leader, EarlyView.
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When taken daily, preexposure prophylaxis (PrEP) reduces the risk of acquiring human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). PrEP is an important tool for preventing HIV among persons at substantial risk for HIV infection, including female sex workers, men who have sex with men, transgender women, and persons who inject drugs.
Source: CDC Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report - Category: American Health Tags: HIV Prevention HIV/AIDS Men's Health MMWR Morbidity & Mortality Weekly Report Pre-exposure prophylaxis PReP Source Type: news
Author Affiliations open 1Western States Pediatric Environmental Health Specialty Unit, University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, California, USA; 2California Environmental Protection Agency, Oakland, California, USA; 3Collaborative on Health and the Environment, Bolinas, California, USA; 4Science and Environmental Health Network, Ames, Iowa, USA; 5Environmental Medicine Branch, Division of Toxicology and Human Health Sciences, Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry, Atlanta, Georgia, USA PDF Version (3 MB) Summary About This Article Narrative approaches and storytelling are emerging a...
Source: EHP Research - Category: Environmental Health Authors: Tags: Brief Communication August 2016 Source Type: research
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