Atypical subtrochanteric fractures in Korean hip fracture study

ConclusionIn Korean, ASF were rare. Higher BMI and use of bisphosphonate were significant risk factors of ASF.
Source: Osteoporosis International - Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research

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Abstract BACKGROUND: The concurrent presence of sarcopenia and osteoporosis may enhance fracture risk. AIM: To evaluate the association between sarcopenia, osteoporosis, or the concurrent presence of both the conditions (osteosarcopenia) and the burden (number and severity) of vertebral fractures in women with hip fracture. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. POPULATION: We studied 350 women with subacute hip fracture. METHODS: Lateral radiographs of the spine were taken 18.2±4.5 days after fracture occurrence and the spine deformity index (SDI) was calculated. Body composition was assessed b...
Source: European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine - Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Tags: Eur J Phys Rehabil Med Source Type: research
Authors: Tobert DG, Schwab JH Abstract Vertebral compression fractures commonly occur as sequelae to osteoporosis, malignancy, infection, or trauma. Although all compression fractures have an underlying pathology, the term pathologic vertebral compression fracture (pVCF) is traditionally reserved for fractures that result from primary or metastatic spine tumors. Discriminating a pVCF from osteoporotic vertebral compression fractures is important because the subsequent diagnostic workup and therapeutic plan differ substantially between the two etiologies. A carefully obtained history inquiring about high-risk sympto...
Source: Instructional Course Lectures - Category: Orthopaedics Tags: Instr Course Lect Source Type: research
Authors: Nakamoto T, Hatsuta S, Yagi S, Taguchi A, Verdonschot RG, Kakimoto N Abstract OBJECTIVES: A new computer-aided screening system for osteoporosis using panoramic radiographs was developed. The conventional system could detect porotic changes within the lower border of the mandible, but its severity could not be evaluated. Our aim was to enable the system to measure severity by implementing a linear bone resorption severity index (BRSI) based on the cortical bone shape. METHODS: The participants were 68 females (>50 years) who underwent panoramic radiography and lumbar spine bone density measurements....
Source: Dentomaxillofacial Radiology - Category: Radiology Tags: Dentomaxillofac Radiol Source Type: research
Conclusion: Within the limits of this retrospective study, it can be concluded that postmenopausal osteoporosis/osteopenia does not affect MBL and long-term implant success. The findings suggest that dental implant therapy is a reliable treatment modality in these patients to improve the quality of life by increasing function and aesthetics.
Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice - Category: Rural Health Authors: Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONSThe proposed approach provides an automatic procedure able to process with efficiency and reliability panoramic X-Ray images for early osteoporosis detection.
Source: Artificial Intelligence in Medicine - Category: Bioinformatics Source Type: research
AbstractIn osteogenesis imperfecta (OI), vertebrae brittleness causes thorax deformations and leads to cardiopulmonary failure. As sclerostin-neutralizing antibodies increase bone mass and strength in animal models of osteoporosis, their administration in two murine models of severe OI enhanced the strength of vertebrae in growing female Crtap−/− mice but not in growing male Col1a1Jrt/+ mice. However, these two studies ignored the impact of antibodies on spine growth, fracture rates, and compressive mechanical properties. Here, we conducted a randomized controlled trial in oim/oim mice, an established model of ...
Source: Calcified Tissue International - Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research
AbstractAge-related jawbone loss directly impact the function of oral cavity resulted from tooth loss, implant failure, and jaw fracture. Numerous evidences show that age-related senescence of bone marrow stromal cells (BMSCs) play a critical role in bone loss, but little attention has been paid to jawbone. Here, we delineated the critical role of sirtuin family protein 6 (SIRT6) in senescence, autophagy, and osteogenesis of BMSCs from jawbones. Radiography analysis showed less jawbone quality in elderly than young people. We also showed that SIRT6 expression decreased in bone tissue and BMSCs from the elderly by immunoche...
Source: Journal of Molecular Histology - Category: Laboratory Medicine Source Type: research
Authors: Pavelka T, Salášek M, Bárta P, Fridrich F, D┼żupa V Abstract PURPOSE OF THE STUDY Non-operative and operative treatment of acetabular fractures is associated with a risk of development of posttraumatic avascular necrosis of femoral head or with the development of posttraumatic coxarthrosis. The purpose of the study was to identify the occurrence of these two complications in patients in our group and to determine the risk factors for the development of these complications. MATERIAL AND METHODS The retrospective study was conducted in two Level I trauma centres in the period from 2009 t...
Source: Acta Chirurgiae Orthopaedicae et Traumatologiae Cechoslovaca - Category: Orthopaedics Tags: Acta Chir Orthop Traumatol Cech Source Type: research
Osteoporosis and osteopenia are extremely common and can lead to fragility fractures. The purpose of this study was to determine whether a computer learning system could classify whether a hand radiograph demonstrated osteoporosis based on the second metacarpal cortical percentage.
Source: The Journal of Hand Surgery - Category: Surgery Authors: Tags: Editor's Choice Source Type: research
ConclusionsMersilene tape at UIV  + 1 level decreases the risk of PJK following PIF for ASD.Graphic abstractThese slides can be retrieved under Electronic Supplementary Material.
Source: European Spine Journal - Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research
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