Asbestos, an epidemic that still needs to be controlled.

[Asbestos, an epidemic that still needs to be controlled]. Gac Sanit. 2017 Jun 05;: Authors: Accinelli RA, López LM PMID: 28595991 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Gaceta Sanitaria - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Gac Sanit Source Type: research

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Abstract In an editorial in an earlier issue of this journal, Johanson &Tinnerberg (1) expressed serious and well-founded concern over the large number of future occupational cancer cases that will result if exposures for a number of substances are not reduced below the so-called "binding occupational exposure limit values" (BOELV) issued by the EU (2). The balance between what is perceived as possible to comply with and the foreseeable health gain when setting BOELV is further discussed in a letter to the Editor by Cherrie (3). This debate raises several important aspects of how to protect workers f...
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment and Health - Category: Occupational Health Authors: Tags: Scand J Work Environ Health Source Type: research
Conclusions: Our results demonstrate an increased MM mortality rate in Greece for the decade 2005-2015 as compared to the two previous decades. This increase is possibly due to the fact that the peak in asbestos production and use in Greece was in mid 1990s, while the asbestos ban came in effect in 2005. Based on these findings the MM epidemic in Greece has not yet peaked, therefore it is important to implement screening strategies for early MM detection. PMID: 31366157 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Medicina (Kaunas) - Category: Universities & Medical Training Authors: Tags: Medicina (Kaunas) Source Type: research
ConclusionHospitalizations data regarding asbestosis and silicosis are consistent. Silicosis had a higher impact than asbestosis on the Italian health system. Although data show decreasing incidence of both fibroses, multiple correspondence analysis highlights that levels of illness severity were higher in silicosis and increased over time in both diseases. Further studies investigating the effectiveness of the current health surveillance programs concerning these diseases are suggested.
Source: The European Journal of Public Health - Category: General Medicine Source Type: research
Karain is a village in Cappadocia, Turkey, which experience an epidemic of MM. Total population was 875 in 1975. By 2014 it was reduced to 139 as approximately 400 of them died of MM and others migrated to Sweden, Ausralia, Urgup, and Western Europe hoping to reduce the risk of dying of MM. A mortality study performed in Karain between 1970-1994 showed that 58% of deaths were due to cancer:85% of cancer deaths were due to MPM(malignant pleural mesothelioma) and 4% to MPEM(malignant peritoneal mesothelioma). The M to F ratio was 1.4 and the median age of death was 55(YI Baris, J Natl Cancer Inst 2006). We linked MM to genet...
Source: European Respiratory Journal - Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Tags: Pleural and Mediastinal Malignancies Source Type: research
ConclusionThe MPM epidemic in Taiwan will likely peak in 2012–2020 as a result of local asbestos consumption. Approximately 659 new MPM cases in the next 30 years warrant an urgent need to implement a total asbestos ban and put more resources on a comprehensive surveillance, diagnosis, and follow-up health care system for ARDs.
Source: Journal of the Formosan Medical Association - Category: General Medicine Source Type: research
Banning all forms of asbestos won’t end the problem of asbestos-related diseases. It is merely a good starting point. As more countries around the world move closer to an outright ban, Australia has become a reminder to guard against false hope. The Australian experience proves how unrelenting this problem is and how much more work must be done. Fifteen years after its much-celebrated ban of the toxic mineral, Australia has just reached its peak of asbestos-related diseases such as malignant mesothelioma cancer. “It took many years, and efforts from many organizations, for a complete ban to be put in place,&rdq...
Source: Asbestos and Mesothelioma News - Category: Environmental Health Authors: Source Type: news
Authors: Melaiu O, Gemignani F, Landi S Abstract Malignant pleural mesothelioma (MPM) is a cancer of the pleural cavity whose main risk factor is exposure to asbestos. However, it has been shown that only a minority of exposed people develops MPM. In fact, the incidence among professionally exposed workers was shown to vary between 0.5% and 18.0%. Various hints suggested that other important cofactors could play a role, in particular the genetic susceptibility. Impressive is the case of Cappadocians families exposed to erionite and affected by an "epidemic" of MPM with about half of the inhabitants dying ...
Source: Journal of Thoracic Disease - Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: J Thorac Dis Source Type: research
Discussion: The epidemiological surveillance of MM incident cases, by the means of a national register for estimating the occurrence of the disease and identifying the circumstances of asbestos exposure, is a relevant tool for preventing asbestos exposure, for supporting the effectiveness of insurance system and for estimating reliable epidemiological figures. PMID: 29507789 [PubMed]
Source: Journal of Thoracic Disease - Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: J Thorac Dis Source Type: research
IJERPH, Vol. 15, Pages 384: Australia’s Ongoing Legacy of Asbestos: Significant Challenges Remain Even after the Complete Banning of Asbestos Almost Fifteen Years Ago International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health doi: 10.3390/ijerph15020384 Authors: Matthew Soeberg Deborah Vallance Victoria Keena Ken Takahashi James Leigh The most effective way of reducing the global burden of asbestos-related diseases is through the implementation of asbestos bans and minimising occupational and non-occupational exposure to respirable asbestos fibres. Australia’s asbestos consumption peaked ...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - Category: Environmental Health Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research
Conclusion:“Luto” use seems to have been the only source of considerable asbestos exposure in Metsovo.Respiration
Source: Respiration - Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research
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