Vaginal Bacteria May Affect Herpes and Zika Transmission

FRIDAY, June 9, 2017 -- Vaginal bacteria may affect the sexually transmitted Zika virus and herpes simplex virus-2, possibly helping to protect women from these infections, a new study suggests. " The human vagina has a wide array of bacterial...
Source: Drugs.com - Daily MedNews - Category: General Medicine Source Type: news

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Authors: Lugović-Mihić L, Pilipović K, Crnarić I, Šitum M, Duvančić T Abstract Although cheilitis as a term describing lip inflammation has been identified and recognized for a long time, until now there have been no clear recommendations for its work-up and classification. The disease may appear as an isolated condition or as part of certain systemic diseases/conditions (such as anemia due to vitamin B12 or iron deficiency) or local infections (e.g., herpes and oral candidiasis). Cheilitis can also be a symptom of a contact reaction to an irritant or allergen, or may be provoked by sun exposure (actin...
Source: Acta Clinica Croatica - Category: General Medicine Tags: Acta Clin Croat Source Type: research
Authors: Han Y, Mesplède T Abstract INTRODUCTION: The Zika virus (ZIKV) infection results in severe neurological complications and has emerged as a threat to public health worldwide. No drugs or vaccines are available for use in the clinic and the need for novel and effective therapeutic agents is urgent. Areas covered: This review describes the latest progress of antiviral development for the treatment of ZIKV infection; it primarily focuses on the literature describing twenty potential anti-ZIKV drugs/agents currently being tested in vivo or in clinical trials. The paper also discusses the need for novel Z...
Source: Expert Opinion on Investigational Drugs - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Tags: Expert Opin Investig Drugs Source Type: research
This article focuses on the identification, etiology, management, and complications of common infectious processes (candidiasis, dental caries, and herpes labialis), inflammatory lesions (sialolithiasis, oral lichen planus, and aphthous ulcer), and benign entities (bony tori and mucocele).
Source: Emergency Medicine Clinics of North America - Category: Emergency Medicine Authors: Source Type: research
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Source: Journal of Viral Hepatitis - Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Tags: Original Paper Source Type: research
Power Tom C. Hobman Zika virus (ZIKV) infection and persistence during pregnancy can lead to microcephaly and other fetal neurological disorders collectively known as Congenital Zika Syndrome. The immunological and virological events that contribute to the establishment of persistent ZIKV infection in humans are unclear though. Here we show that human fetal astrocytes (HFAs), the most abundant cell type in the central nervous system, become persistently infected with ZIKV resulting in continuous viral shedding for at least one month; a process that is facilitated by TIM/TAM receptors. HFAs are relatively resistant to...
Source: Viruses - Category: Virology Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 16 November 2018Source: Journal of Theoretical BiologyAuthor(s): Linchao Hu, Mugen Huang, Moxun Tang, Jianshe Yu, Bo ZhengAbstractMosquito-borne diseases such as dengue fever and Zika kill more than 700,000 people each year in the world. A novel strategy to control these diseases employs the bacterium Wolbachia whose infection in mosquitoes blocks virus replication. The prerequisite for this measure is to release Wolbachia -infected mosquitoes to replace wild population. Due to the fluctuation of environmental conditions for mosquito growth, we develop and analyze a model of differen...
Source: Journal of Theoretical Biology - Category: Biology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 15 November 2018Source: Journal of NeuroradiologyAuthor(s): Bruno Niemeyer de Freitas Ribeiro, Edson Marchiori
Source: Journal of Neuroradiology - Category: Radiology Source Type: research
Authors: Reiter S, Kellogg Spadt S Abstract Bacterial vaginosis (BV) affects approximately one third of women in the United States. While often asymptomatic, BV infection may be accompanied by serious health consequences, such as preterm birth and pelvic inflammatory disease, and may facilitate acquisition of sexually transmitted infections. Identifying appropriate patients for screening, such as pregnant women, women planning pregnancy, and women with multiple and/or new sexual partners, is imperative for treatment. Diagnosis of BV has traditionally depended on the presence of vaginal discharge and odor, elevated ...
Source: Postgraduate Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Postgrad Med Source Type: research
ConclusionsInfants with suspected antenatal ZIKV infection and reduced visual function should be referred to an ophthalmologist. Visual function assessments are helpful in screening for antenatal ZIKV exposure in resource-limited settings and can identify infants who may benefit from visual habilitation.
Source: Journal of American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus - Category: Opthalmology Source Type: research
Authors: Xie J, Ao C, Li J, Jiang L, Liu H, Zeng K Abstract Condyloma acuminatum are the most common sexually transmitted diseases worldwide, and they are closely associated with human papillomavirus (HPV) infections. Urethral meatus warts are uncommon. And many treatments are limited by a difficult approach, recurrences, and potential complications. In our study, 21 patients diagnosed with urethral condyloma acuminatum were included. After 4h treatment of 5-aminolevulinic acid (ALA), patients received photodynamic therapy (PDT). Each patient received HPV test before every PDT cycle. The frequency of PDT was depend...
Source: Journal of Dermatological Treatment - Category: Dermatology Tags: J Dermatolog Treat Source Type: research
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