Should This Patient With Global Aphasia After a Left Cerebral Stroke Be Admitted to Your Hospital-Based Inpatient Rehabilitation Unit?

You are the medical director of a very busy, 20-bed, general inpatient rehabilitation unit (IRU) at a community hospital. About 40% of admissions to the unit are persons with moderate and severe stroke from the geographic region, and your census runs very nearly 100% capacity, usually with a waiting list. The neurology service asks you to assess a 60-year-old man with a long history of hypertension and diabetes mellitus who is now 6 days post a large left middle cerebral artery (MCA) ischemic stroke.
Source: PM and R - Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Tags: Point/Counterpoint Source Type: research

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Authors: Bergland OU, Søraas CL, Larstorp ACK, Halvorsen LV, Hjørnholm U, Hoffman P, Høieggen A, Fadl Elmula FEM Abstract PURPOSE: The blood pressure (BP) lowering effect of renal sympathetic denervation (RDN) in treatment-resistant hypertension shows variation amongst the existing randomised studies. The long-term efficacy and safety of RDN require further investigation. For the first time, we report BP changes and safety up to 7 years after RDN, compared to drug adjustment in the randomised Oslo RDN study. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients with treatment-resistant hypertension, defined...
Source: Blood Pressure - Category: Hematology Tags: Blood Press Source Type: research
Authors: Zhang W, Xu JZ, Lu XH, Li H, Wang D, Wang JG Abstract PURPOSE: We hypothesise that dietary sodium intake interacts with serum uric acid to influence blood pressure (BP) in children and adolescents. In the present study, we investigated ambulatory BP in relation to hyperuricaemia, dietary sodium intake and their interaction in children and adolescents with hypertension. MATERIALS AND METHODS:  A total of 616 study participants were 10-24 years old and had primary hypertension diagnosed after admission in a specialised inpatient ward. Ambulatory BP monitoring was performed during hospitalisat...
Source: Blood Pressure - Category: Hematology Tags: Blood Press Source Type: research
Wei Li1†, Wei-Min Xiao1†, Yang-Kun Chen1*, Jian-Feng Qu1, Yong-Lin Liu1, Xue-Wen Fang2, Han-Yu Weng1 and Gen-Pei Luo11Department of Neurology, Dongguan People’s Hospital, Dongguan, China2Department of Radiology, Dongguan People’s Hospital, Dongguan, ChinaBackground: Anxiety is prevalent after a stroke. The pathophysiological mechanisms underlying the development of poststroke anxiety (PSA) remain unclear. The aim of this study was to investigate the clinical and neuroimaging risk factors for development of PSA and examine the effects of PSA on activities of daily living (ADL) and quality of life (...
Source: Frontiers in Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
Conclusions: CG-FAST scale could be an effective and simple scale for accurate identification of LVOS among AIS patients. Introduction Large vessel occlusion stroke (LVOS) often leads to severe disability and mortality. Although endovascular therapy (EVT) has been proved to be effective for LVOS patients (1–9), especially in anterior circulation, its benefit is highly time-dependent (10, 11). As hospitals with around-the-clock endovascular capability are scarce in many parts of the world and patients admitted directly to a CSC would have better outcomes than those receiving drip and ship treatment (12, 13), thi...
Source: Frontiers in Neurology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
A 66-year-old woman presented with a history of recurrent, transient neurologic symptoms including limb shaking, focal paresthesias, focal weakness, dysphasia, and unresponsiveness. The episodes showed no preference for time of day, lasted less than 6 minutes, and occurred less than monthly in small clusters, increasing in frequency slowly over 2 years. She lived independently, denied cognitive or other complaints, and had no history of smoking, hypertension, hyperlipidemia, coronary atherosclerosis or diabetes mellitus, or family history of stroke. Clinical examination was unremarkable. Cognition was grossly intact but no...
Source: Neurology Clinical Practice - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: Intracerebral hemorrhage Case Source Type: research
This study aimed to describe risk factors for stroke and clinical presentation of patients presenting to the emergency centre with stroke.MethodsWe conducted a cross sectional study conducted from August 2015 to January 2016 in an urban tertiary care centre in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. Descriptive statistics and multivariable logistic regression models were used to evaluate associations between stroke types and stroke risk factors, and delayed presentation and clinical indicators. P-values less than .05 were considered statistically significant.ResultsA total of 104 patients were included. The mean age was 53 years, and 56%...
Source: African Journal of Emergency Medicine - Category: Emergency Medicine Source Type: research
Conclusions—Mild acutely presenting stroke patients are more likely to receive thrombolysis if they are young, white, or Hispanic and arrive early to the hospital with more severe neurological presentation. Identification of predictors of thrombolysis is important in design of future studies to assess the use of thrombolysis for mild stroke.
Source: Stroke - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: Cerebrovascular Disease/Stroke, Ischemic Stroke, Transient Ischemic Attack (TIA) Original Contributions Source Type: research
This study aimed to describe risk factors for stroke and clinical presentation of patients presenting to the emergency centre with stroke. Methods We conducted a cross sectional study conducted from August 2015 to January 2016 in an urban tertiary care centre in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. Descriptive statistics and multivariable logistic regression models were used to evaluate associations between stroke types and stroke risk factors, and delayed presentation and clinical indicators. P-values less than .05 were considered statistically significant. Results A total of 104 patients were included. The mean age was 53 years, and...
Source: African Journal of Emergency Medicine - Category: Emergency Medicine Source Type: research
Please wait while the activity loads. If this activity does not load, try refreshing your browser. Also, this page requires javascript. Please visit using a browser with javascript enabled. If loading fails, click here to try again Click on the 'Start' button to begin the mock test. After answering all questions, click on the 'Get Results' button to display your score and the explanations. There is no time limit for this mock test. Start Congratulations - you have completed DM / DNB Cardiology Entrance Mock Test 19. You scored %%SCORE%% out of %%TOTAL%%. Your performance has been rat...
Source: Cardiophile MD - Category: Cardiology Authors: Tags: Cardiology MCQ DM / DNB Cardiology Entrance Source Type: blogs
Conclusions— Age-adjusted stroke prevalence in urban Sri Lanka lies between high-income and low-/middle-income countries. The prevalence of stroke and its risk factors were higher among men.
Source: Stroke - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: Cerebrovascular disease/stroke, Acute Cerebral Hemorrhage, Acute Cerebral Infarction Brief Reports Source Type: research
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