Reduction of Optic Disc Oedema by Bortezomib and Dexamethasone Followed by Autologous Peripheral Blood Stem Cell Transplantation in Patient with POEMS Syndrome

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Source: Neuro-Ophthalmology - Category: Opthalmology Authors: Source Type: research

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Neuropathic pain causes severe suffering, and most patients are resistant to current therapies. A core element of neuropathic pain is the loss of inhibitory tone in the spinal cord. Previous studies have shown that foetal GABAergic neuron precursors can provide relief from pain. However, the source of these precursor cells and their multipotent status make them unsuitable for therapeutic use. Here, we extend these findings by showing, for the first time, that spinally transplanted, terminally differentiated human induced pluripotent stem cell-derived GABAergic (iGABAergic) neurons provide significant, long-term, and safe r...
Source: Pain - Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Research Paper Source Type: research
ConclusionsHumoral factors from HGF suppressed osteogenesis in MSCs. The effect was regulated by miRNAs and undifferentiated MSC markers. miR-101-3p and ETV1 were the key factors and were regulated by IGF-1.
Source: Journal of Bone and Mineral Metabolism - Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research
Recently, breakthroughs have been made in the use of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) to treat various diseases. Several stem cell types have been authorized as drugs by the European Medicines Agency and the U.S. Food and Drug Administration. The Chinese official document “Notification of the management of stem cell clinical research (trial)” was also published in August 2015. Currently, China has approved 106 official stem cell clinical research filing agencies and 62 clinical research projects, which are mostly focused on MSC therapy. Hence, the optimization and development of stem cell drugs is imperative. Duri...
Source: Frontiers in Pharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
AbstractPurpose of ReviewTo understand how myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS) transform to AML and to describe how transformation can be predicted and prevented.Recent FindingsRecent genomic analyses have shown that MDS progression to AML is associated with clonal expansion and clonal evolution. Mutation profiles of MDS change during progression and new mutations in signaling genes and transcription factors emerge. AML transformation can be predicted by several parameters including International Prognostic Scoring System IPSS risk category and transfusion requirements. The prognostic relevance of the acquisition of some gene ...
Source: Current Oncology Reports - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
Authors: Oshita J, Okazaki T, Mitsuhara T, Imura T, Nakagawa K, Otsuka T, Kurose T, Tamura T, Abiko M, Takeda M, Kawahara Y, Yuge L, Kurisu K Abstract We analyzed the cell characteristics, neuroprotective, and transplantation effects of human cranial bone-derived mesenchymal stem cells (hcMSCs) in ischemic stroke model rats compared with human iliac bone-derived mesenchymal stem cells (hiMSCs). The expressions of brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF ) as neurotrophic factors were analyzed in both MSCs. hiMSCs or hcMSCs were intravenously administered into ischemic st...
Source: Neurologia Medico-Chirurgica - Category: Neurosurgery Tags: Neurol Med Chir (Tokyo) Source Type: research
Publication date: 21 January 2020Source: Cell Reports, Volume 30, Issue 3Author(s): Carmit Hillel-Karniel, Chava Rosen, Irit Milman-Krentsis, Ran Orgad, Esther Bachar-Lustig, Elias Shezen, Yair ReisnerSummaryInduction of lung regeneration by transplantation of lung progenitor cells is a critical preclinical challenge. Recently, we demonstrated that robust lung regeneration can be achieved if the endogenous stem cell niches in the recipient’s lung are vacated by sub-lethal pre-conditioning. However, overcoming MHC barriers is an additional requirement for clinical application of this attractive approach. We demonstrat...
Source: Cell Reports - Category: Cytology Source Type: research
Increases in the number of cell therapies in the preclinical and clinical phases have prompted the need for reliable and noninvasive assays to validate transplant function in clinical biomanufacturing. We developed a robust characterization methodology composed of quantitative bright-field absorbance microscopy (QBAM) and deep neural networks (DNNs) to noninvasively predict tissue function and cellular donor identity. The methodology was validated using clinical-grade induced pluripotent stem cell–derived retinal pigment epithelial cells (iPSC-RPE). QBAM images of iPSC-RPE were used to train DNNs that predicted iPSC-...
Source: Journal of Clinical Investigation - Category: Biomedical Science Authors: Source Type: research
The advent of human induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) provided a means for avoiding ethical concerns associated with the use of cells isolated from human embryos. The number of labs now using iPSCs to generate photoreceptor, retinal pigmented epithelial (RPE), and more recently choroidal endothelial cells has grown exponentially. However, for autologous cell replacement to be effective, manufacturing strategies will need to change. Many tasks carried out by hand will need simplifying and automating. In this issue of the JCI, Schaub and colleagues combined quantitative brightfield microscopy and artificial intelligence...
Source: Journal of Clinical Investigation - Category: Biomedical Science Authors: Source Type: research
ConclusionsMIDO represents a clinically significant advancement in the management of newly diagnosed FLT3-mutated AML. In this analysis, MIDO add-on therapy showed gains in LYs and QALYs versus SOC alone and was found to be a cost-effective option at a €100,000 per QALY threshold for end-of-life treatment.
Source: The European Journal of Health Economics - Category: Health Management Source Type: research
AbstractAcute lymphoblastic leukaemia (ALL) in adults is a rare and difficult-to-treat cancer that is characterised by excess lymphoblasts in the bone marrow. Although many patients achieve remission with chemotherapy, relapse rates are high and the associated impact on survival devastating. Most patients receive chemotherapy and for those whose overall fitness supports it, the most effective treatment to date is allogeneic stem cell transplant that can improve overall survival rates in part due to a ‘graft-versus-leukaemia’ effect. However, due to the rarity of this disease, and the availability of mature B-ce...
Source: Cancer Immunology, Immunotherapy - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
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