Chemotherapy Mix Doubles Peritoneal Mesothelioma Survival

Surgeon Paul Sugarbaker at the Washington Cancer Institute has nearly doubled the five-year survival rate for patients with peritoneal mesothelioma by adding long-term regional chemotherapy to his already groundbreaking protocol. Sugarbaker, a pioneer in advancing peritoneal mesothelioma treatment for more than two decades, believes this latest development could have far-reaching implications. “This could be a game changer,” Sugarbaker told Asbestos.com. “The reaction has been, ‘Wow! [It’s] hard to believe.’ We’ve got to exploit this [advancement] as best as we can.” Sugarbaker, who is also medical director at the MedStar Washington Hospital Center, detailed results of his latest study in the European Journal of Surgical Oncology. NIPEC Lifts Five-Year Survival Rates The study included a five-year survival of 75 percent for those receiving the latest normothermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy (NIPEC) following hyperthermic perioperative chemotherapy (HIPEC) and early postoperative intraperitoneal chemotherapy (EPIC). The five-year survival rate for patients receiving only the surgery and HIPEC was 44 percent. Patients getting surgery, HIPEC and EPIC had a five-year survival rate of 52 percent. All patients had the epithelioid cell type of mesothelioma, and Sugarbaker performed all surgeries over the past 20 years. Surgeons use NIPEC regularly for ovarian cancer, but Sugarbaker first used it for peritoneal mesothelioma cancer in ...
Source: Asbestos and Mesothelioma News - Category: Environmental Health Authors: Tags: cytoreductive surgery epithelioid cell type European Journal of Surgical Oncology HIPEC hyperthermic perioperative chemotherapy International Journal of Hyperthermia intraperitoneal chemotherapy long-term regional chemotherapy MedStar Wash Source Type: news

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ONCOS-102, a promising immunotherapy vaccine, is moving closer to becoming a part of future first-line treatment for mesothelioma. Early clinical trial results announced this week show safety and efficacy when the vaccine is used in combination with standard-of-care chemotherapy for patients with inoperable pleural mesothelioma. Targovax, a Scandinavian pharmaceutical company developing the drug, is moving forward with another study combining ONCOS-102 with a checkpoint inhibitor drug such as Keytruda (pembrolizumab) or Opdivo (nivolumab), along with chemotherapy. “We have seen enough data at this point to be going ...
Source: Asbestos and Mesothelioma News - Category: Environmental Health Authors: Source Type: news
The purpose of the present review was to describe evidence-based indications for hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy (HIPEC), with cytoreductive surgery (CRS), in patients with a diagnosis of mesothelioma, appendiceal (including appendiceal mucinous neoplasm), colorectal, gastric, ovarian or primary peritoneal carcinoma. Relevant studies were identified from a systematic MEDLINE and EMBASE search of studies published from 1985 to 2019. Studies were included if they were RCTs. If no RCTs were identified, prospective and retrospecctive comparative studies (where confounders are controlled for studies with greater than ...
Source: European Journal of Cancer - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Review Source Type: research
The Miami Cancer Institute on Thursday will begin using the innovative Tumor Treating Fields device for patients with malignant pleural mesothelioma. It is the first new treatment approved for mesothelioma by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration in more than 15 years. “This is actually pretty exciting for us,” Dr. Rupesh Kotecha, the radiation oncologist who will oversee the treatment protocol in Miami, told The Mesothelioma Center at Asbestos.com. “It’s another tool in our armamentarium. It’s something we can offer patients that has shown a real benefit.” The noninvasive Tumor Treating...
Source: Asbestos and Mesothelioma News - Category: Environmental Health Authors: Source Type: news
Doctors at the Swiss Group for Clinical Cancer Research in Zurich, Switzerland, have uncovered a novel, anti-tumor compound that could become a needed second-line treatment for pleural mesothelioma cancer. Their recent multicenter phase II clinical trial conducted in Switzerland and Italy revealed the safety and efficacy of lurbinectedin, a synthetically produced agent that inhibits the growth of mesothelioma cells. “We believe this could represent a new treatment option for pleural mesothelioma,” Dr. Yannis Metaxas, oncologist at Kantonsspital Graubunden outside Zurich, told The Mesothelioma Center at Asbestos...
Source: Asbestos and Mesothelioma News - Category: Environmental Health Authors: Source Type: news
AbstractMalignant peritoneal mesothelioma (MPeM) is a rare and aggressive form of malignant mesothelioma. Sufficient biological tools for studying the functional characteristics of this cancer have not been developed. Therefore, in this study, a novel human cancer cell line, KOG-1, was established from ascites fluids isolated from a 39-year-old Japanese woman with pemetrexed-resistant MPeM. Cells were dendritic or linear immediately after thawing, showed a jigsaw puzzle-like and spindle arrangement during growth, and formed monolayers without contact inhibition in two-dimensional (2D) culture. The population doubling time ...
Source: Human Cell - Category: Cytology Source Type: research
A mesothelioma patient at West Cancer Center in Memphis, Tennessee, is the first in the country to use NovoTTF-100L, a noninvasive electric therapy treatment, since its approval by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration in May. The FDA’s approval of Novocure’s Tumor Treating Fields device for the treatment of mesothelioma marked the first new FDA-approved treatment option for the rare asbestos-related cancer in more than 15 years. NovoTTF-100L uses a low-voltage electrical field that is distributed with three pads attached to the front and back of a person’s chest. The electrical current is designed to di...
Source: Asbestos and Mesothelioma News - Category: Environmental Health Authors: Source Type: news
AbstractBackgroundTumor Treating Fields (TTFields) are a non-invasive, antimitotic therapy delivered to the tumor via transducer arrays applied to the skin at tumor site. The only TTFields-related adverse event (AE) reported in clinical trials was localized dermatitis beneath the arrays. The safety of TTFields has also been investigated in glioblastoma, non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC), mesothelioma, pancreatic and ovarian cancer. This meta-analysis reported AEs in clinical studies with TTFields torso delivery.Methods192 patients from 4 pilot studies were included in the analysis: EF-15 (n  = 41, advanced N...
Source: Annals of Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
Patients with peritoneal mesothelioma undergoing a second cytoreductive surgery had a median survival of 92 months, according to a recent study at St. George Hospital and the University of South Wales in Sydney, Australia. That same group of patients also had a five-year survival rate of 71.8%, further illustrating the progress being made in treating the peritoneal subtype of this rare and aggressive cancer. The Journal of Surgical Oncology published the study in July 2019. The single-center study detailed the survival benefits of cytoreduction and perioperative intraperitoneal chemotherapy in colorectal, ovarian, appendic...
Source: Asbestos and Mesothelioma News - Category: Environmental Health Authors: Source Type: news
A research team from France has documented the health-related quality-of-life benefits of adding Avastin (bevacizumab) to chemotherapy for pleural mesothelioma patients, endorsing its addition to standard-of-care treatment. The recent quality-of-life analysis was a secondary endpoint of an earlier, multicenter clinical trial in France that showed an almost three-month median survival improvement when adding Avastin. The latest study demonstrated that adding Avastin to cisplatin and Alimta (pemetrexed) did not negatively impact quality of life — a problem with several other cancers because of the increased toxicity. &...
Source: Asbestos and Mesothelioma News - Category: Environmental Health Authors: Source Type: news
A research team from the Duke University Medical Center and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology has uncovered a new compound with potential to make chemotherapy more effective in treating various cancers. The small-molecule inhibitor drug — JH-RE-06 — showed an ability to better-sensitize tumors to Cisplatin, the popular chemotherapy drug most often used for mesothelioma cancer patients. When combined with Cisplatin, the drug also showed an ability to prevent those tumor cells from becoming treatment resistant, a common problem with this rare cancer caused by asbestos exposure. The research was done on l...
Source: Asbestos and Mesothelioma News - Category: Environmental Health Authors: Source Type: news
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