Towards new cancer therapies

In 2012, about 8.2 million people died of cancer making the disease a major cause of death worldwide. According to the WHO World Cancer Report 2014, this figure is expected to rise within the next two decades. But new drugs are already in the pipeline. The genetics of fruit flies helps researchers to identify new targets for cancer therapy and to develop more individualised treatments.
Source: ScienceDaily Headlines - Category: Science Source Type: news

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Chem. Commun., 2018, Accepted Manuscript DOI: 10.1039/C8CC08823C, CommunicationMontserrat Terrazas, Dani S ánchez, Federica Battistini, Núria Villegas, Isabelle Brun-Heath, Modesto Orozco Here we present 2shRNA, a shRNA-based nanobinder that can simultaneously attack two therapeutic targets involved in drug resistance pathways, and that can additionally bind accessory molecules such as cell targeting... The content of this RSS Feed (c) The Royal Society of Chemistry
Source: RSC - Chem. Commun. latest articles - Category: Chemistry Authors: Source Type: research
The nucleolus is a dynamic structure that has roles in various physiological and pathophysiological processes. Perturbations on many aspects of the nucleolar functions are thought to cause “nucleolar stress”, which occurs in response to a variety of chemotherapeutic drugs. The main characteristic changes of nucleolar stress include: 1) reduction of the size and volume of the nucleolus; 2) inhibition of RNA Pol I-mediated rRNA synthesis; and 3) nucleoplasmic translocation of nucleolar stress-related proteins. In studying the apoptosis-inducing effect of the natural compound lovastatin (LV) on breast cancer stem ...
Source: Journal of Cancer - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Short Research Communication Source Type: research
Conclusions: Our meta-analysis revealed that high expression of CXCR7 predicted unfavorable prognosis and may serve as potential targets of cancer therapy.
Source: Journal of Cancer - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Research Paper Source Type: research
With the development of cancer treatments, it has become a popular research focus that mesenchymal stem (or stromal) cells (MSCs) have the functional mechanisms that influence cancer progression. One of the underestimated mechanisms is secretion of highly specialized double-membrane structures called exosomes. Mesenchymal stem cells generate several exosomes that may act as paracrine mediators by exchanging genetic information. MSC-derived exosomes are microvesicles ranging from approximately 60-200 nm in size and detected in various body fluids. It has been demonstrated that MSC-derived exosomes are involved in tumor grow...
Source: Journal of Cancer - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Review Source Type: research
Conclusion: We reported the synergistic anti-tumor efficacy of ZD55-IL-24 and DTX on prostate cancer. Our results suggest that chemotherapy combined with oncolytic adenovirus mediated gene therapy is a promising strategy for the treatment of advanced prostate cancer.
Source: Journal of Cancer - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Research Paper Source Type: research
Systemic anti-cancer therapy — safeguards needed Related items fromOnMedica Obesity as cause of cancer set to overtake smoking CCGs struggling to meet cancer targets Chemo treatment ‘unsustainable’ due to staff shortages Cancer strategies failed to improve one-year survival UK child health near bottom in Europe
Source: OnMedica Latest News - Category: UK Health Source Type: news
Authors: Wang S, Miao Z, Yang Q, Wang Y, Zhang J Abstract Colon cancer is still one of the most common causes of cancer in human and is characterized by lymphocyte infiltrates and originates from the epithelial cells found in the lining of colon or rectum of the gastrointestinal tract. Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) are composed of the multipotent stem cell group of stroma and can be differentiated as various cell lineages, such as fibroblasts, osteoblasts, and adipocytes. MSCs provide mechanical and structural support and have potential functions during tumor growth and metastasis. The efficacy of MSC-based therapi...
Source: Canadian Journal of Gastroenterology - Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Can J Gastroenterol Hepatol Source Type: research
The hypothalamic-pituitary-thyroid axis is a common site of unintended, acquired disease either during or after the treatment of cancer. Children treated with external radiation therapy are at the highest risk for developing a thyroid-related late effect, but thyroid dysfunction and second primary thyroid neoplasms can also occur after treatment with radiopharmaceutical agents such as131I-metaiodobenzylguanidine. Increasingly recognized is the development of early thyroid dysfunction as an off-target consequence of the more novel cancer therapeutics such as the tyrosine kinase inhibitors and immune checkpoint inhibitors. T...
Source: Hormone Research in Paediatrics - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
Conclusion: Our results revealed that the presence of CIMP independently predicts poor OS in patients with stage IV CRC.Oncology
Source: Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 13 December 2018Source: Journal of Geriatric OncologyAuthor(s): Andrea Sitlinger, Rebecca A. Shelby, Alyssa N. Van Denburg, Heidi White, Sarah N. Edmond, Paul K. Marcom, Hayden B. Bosworth, Francis J. Keefe, Gretchen G. KimmickAbstractObjectiveTo explore the impact of symptoms on physical function in women on adjuvant endocrine therapy for breast cancer.MethodsEligible women were postmenopausal, had hormone receptor positive, stage I-IIIA breast cancer, completed surgery, chemotherapy, radiation, and on adjuvant endocrine therapy. At a routine follow-up visit, women (N = 107) complete...
Source: Journal of Geriatric Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
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