Pharmacological macrophage inhibition decreases metastasis formation in a genetic model of pancreatic cancer

Conclusions Pharmacological depletion of macrophages in a genetic mouse model of pancreatic cancer markedly reduced metastasis formation and is associated with impaired angiogenesis and reduced CD4+CD25+ T cell levels. Pharmacological targeting of infiltrating macrophages represents a promising novel tool for antimetastatic therapeutic approaches.
Source: Gut - Category: Gastroenterology Authors: Tags: Pancreas Source Type: research

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In this study, it was shown that the main factor determining the nature of the biodistribution of conjugates is their lipophilicity. Conjugates of siRNA with lower lipophilicity; i.e., derivatives of retinoic acid, lithocholic acid, and docosahexanoic acid with greater efficiency than cholesterol conjugates accumulated in the kidneys, bladder, and lungs of the mouse after subcutaneous injection (Biscans et al., 2018). This fact is consistent with previous data that showed that more lipophilic conjugates bind more efficiently to serum components, and thus are not excreted by the kidneys (Wolfrum et al., 2007; Osborn et al.,...
Source: Frontiers in Pharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
Conclusions and Perspectives In this review, we have discussed important milestones from the early description of “Serum-sickness” as being due to antibodies directed against Neu5Gc epitopes all the way to the present-day therapeutic implications of these antibodies in cancer therapy. Some of these milestones have been represented in a concise timeline (Figure 6). While the “Xenosialitis” hypothesis is well-supported in the human-like mouse models, it has yet to be conclusively proven in humans. It remains to be seen if “Xenosialitis” plays a role in other uniquely-human diseases. FI...
Source: Frontiers in Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research
In this study, T cells deficient in TRAF6 display enhanced T cell activation, CD28-indpendent stimulation and resistance to Treg cell-mediated suppression (176). Although TLR signaling can promote T cell resistance to Treg cells, the precise molecular mechanism remains yet to be elucidated. It is worth noting that TLR stimulation of T cells increases cytokine production (173, 177), thus future studies should delineate the effect of TLR-MyD88 signaling vs. subsequently induced cytokines in generating resistance to Treg cells. Lastly, it is also crucial to evaluate the effect of TLR signaling on regulatory T cells which also...
Source: Frontiers in Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
Fight Aging! provides a weekly digest of news and commentary for thousands of subscribers interested in the latest longevity science: progress towards the medical control of aging in order to prevent age-related frailty, suffering, and disease, as well as improvements in the present understanding of what works and what doesn't work when it comes to extending healthy life. Expect to see summaries of recent advances in medical research, news from the scientific community, advocacy and fundraising initiatives to help speed work on the repair and reversal of aging, links to online resources, and much more. This content is...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Newsletters Source Type: blogs
Pancreatic cancer is characterized by the accumulation of a fibro-inflammatory stroma. Accumulation of the stroma is already evident surrounding Pancreatic Intraepithelial Neoplasias (PanINs), common precursor lesions to pancreatic cancer (Hezel et al., 2006). The stroma is abundantly infiltrated by immune cells, and myeloid cells are a predominant population (Clark et al., 2007). Different myeloid subsets have been correlated with tumor promotion and unmasking of anti-tumor immunity (Liou et al., 2015; Long et al., 2016; Mitchem et al., 2013; Stromnes et al., 2014). Both PanINs and pancreatic cancer and commonly associate...
Source: Cancer Research - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Immune Drug Development Source Type: research
The iKras* mouse model of pancreatic cancer allows inducible and reversible expression of oncogenic Kras, and is thus perfectly suited to determine the role of Kras at different stages of carcinogenesis. KRAS has emerged as a targeted interest for study by the NCI; elucidating Kras-dependent signaling pathways and understanding the role of epithelial cells harboring oncogenic Kras in modulating essential components of the tumor microenvironment will provide new opportunities to attack KRAS driven cancers.Using this model, we have demonstrated that, in addition to epithelial changes, the accumulation of a fibro-inflammatory...
Source: Cancer Research - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Early Detection Source Type: research
Conclusion Our results show that myeloid cells support immune evasion in pancreatic cancer through EGFR/MAPK-dependent regulation of PD-L1 expression on tumour cells. Derailing this crosstalk between myeloid cells and tumour cells is sufficient to restore anti-tumour immunity mediated by CD8+ T cells, a finding with implications for the design of immune therapies for pancreatic cancer.
Source: Gut - Category: Gastroenterology Authors: Tags: Pancreas and biliary tract, Open access, Pancreatic cancer Source Type: research
Conclusions: Our results show that myeloid cells regulate a complex network of signals that ensure immune suppression within the pancreatic cancer microenvironment. Moreover, we show that depletion of the myeloid cell population is sufficient to restore anti-tumor immunity mediated by CD8+ T cells, a finding with implications for the design of immune therapies for pancreatic cancer.Citation Format: YAQING ZHANG, ESHA MATHEW, FLOR MENDEZ, KEVIN FLANNAGAN, DIANE SIMEONE, MARINA PASCA DI MAGLIANO. Myeloid cells are required to establish an immune-suppressive regulatory network in pancreatic cancer by activating the PD-1/PD-L1...
Source: Cancer Research - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Tumor Biology Source Type: research
Oncogenic mutations in the KRAS gene are almost invariably associated to pancreatic cancer in humans. Genetic engineered mice that express oncogenic Kras in the pancreas develop pancreatic cancer in a step-wise manner that resembles the progression of the human disease. Invasive cancer is preceded by Pancreatic Intraepithelial Neoplasia (PanIN) formation. In humans and in mice, pancreatic cancer and PanINs are associated to extensive accumulation of fibro-inflammatory stroma. The interactions between epithelial cells and individual components of the stroma, as well as the interaction among components of the stroma are not ...
Source: Cancer Research - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: New Therapies Source Type: research
Mucin1 (MUC1) is overexpressed in pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDA) and is associated with tumor aggressiveness, suggesting that MUC1 is a promising therapeutic target for promoter-driven diphtheria toxin A (DTA). Endogenous MUC1 transcript levels were analyzed by quantitative PCR (qPCR) in multiple PDA cells (Capan1, HPAFII, Su.86.86, Capan2, Hs766T, MiaPaCa2, and Panc1). Expression levels were correlated with luciferase activity and cell death after transfection with MUC1 promoter–driven luciferase and DTA constructs. MUC1-positive (+) cells had significantly elevated MUC1 mRNA expression compared with MUC1-ne...
Source: Molecular Cancer Research - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Cell Death and Survival Source Type: research
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