Physical, Complementary, and Alternative Medicine in the Treatment of Pelvic Floor Disorders

AbstractPurpose of ReviewThe purpose of the study was to catalog the most recent available literature regarding the use of conservative measures in treatment of pelvic floor disorders.Recent FindingsPelvic floor disorders encompass abnormalities of urination, defecation, sexual function, pelvic organ prolapse, and chronic pain, and can have significant quality of life implications for patients. Current guidelines recommend behavioral modifications and conservative treatments as first-line therapy for pelvic floor disorders. We have reviewed the literature for articles published on physical, complementary, and alternative treatments for pelvic floor disorders over the past 5  years. Review of pelvic floor muscle physiotherapy (PFMT) and biofeedback (BF) shows a benefit for patients suffering from bladder dysfunction (incontinence, overactive bladder), bowel dysfunction (constipation, fecal incontinence), pelvic organ prolapse, and sexual dysfunction (pelvic pain). Comb ination of PFMT and BF has shown improved results compared to PFMT alone, and some studies find that electrical stimulation can augment the benefit of BF and PFMT. Additionally, acupuncture and cognitive behavioral therapy has shown to be an effective treatment for pelvic floor disorders, particular ly with respect to pelvic pain.SummaryThis update highlights beneficial conservative treatments available for pelvic floor dysfunction, and supplements the current literature on treatment options for patients su...
Source: Current Urology Reports - Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

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Authors: Kives S, Lefebvre G Abstract OBJECTIVE: This guideline reviews the evidence relating to the potential benefits of the vaginal hysterectomy (VH) and supracervical hysterectomy (SCH) versus total abdominal hysterectomy (TAH) with respect to postoperative sexual function, urinary function, and peri- and postoperative complications. Laparoscopic options are not included in this guideline. OPTIONS: Women considering hysterectomy for benign disease can be given the option of retaining the cervix or proceeding with a total hysterectomy. OUTCOMES: The outcomes measured are postoperative sexual function and...
Source: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada : JOGC - Category: OBGYN Tags: J Obstet Gynaecol Can Source Type: research
We report the case of a 60-year-old Peruvian female who was admitted with abdominal pain and jaundice. Cholangioscopy revealed a leaf-like trematode, Fasciola hepatica. This trematode was extracted with a Dormia's basket via endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP). PMID: 29931990 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Revista Espanola de Enfermedades Digestivas - Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Rev Esp Enferm Dig Source Type: research
Authors: Lopez-Martos R, Gonzalez-Perez LM, Ruiz-Canela-Mendez P, Urresti-Lopez FJ, Gutierrez-Perez JL, Infante-Cossio P Abstract BACKGROUND: To assess whether the techniques of percutaneous needle electrolysis (PNE) and deep dry needling (DDN) used on trigger points (TrP) of lateral pterygoid muscle (LPM) can significantly reduce pain and improve function in patients with myofascial pain syndrome (MPS) compared to a control group treated with a sham needling procedure (SNP). MATERIAL AND METHODS: Sixty patients diagnosed with MPS in the LPM were selected and randomly assigned to one of three groups. The PNE gr...
Source: Medicina Oral, Patologia Oral y Cirugia Bucal - Category: ENT & OMF Tags: Med Oral Patol Oral Cir Bucal Source Type: research
Abstract Neuropathic cancer pain (NCP) is caused by nerve damage attributable to the cancer per se, and/or treatments including chemotherapy, radiotherapy, and surgery; the prevalence is reported to be as high as 40%. The etiologies of NCP include direct nerve invasion or nerve compression by the cancer, neural toxicity, chemotherapy, and radiotherapy. NCP is subdivided into plexopathy, radiculopathy, and peripheral neuropathies, among several other categories. The clinical characteristics of NCP differ from those of nociceptive pain in terms of both the hypersensitivity symptoms (burning, tingling, and an electri...
Source: The Korean Journal of Internal Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Authors: Tags: Korean J Intern Med Source Type: research
Conclusions: Vaginal pH consistently correlated with parabasal and superficial cells and the visual vaginal epithelial changes and symptoms of dryness and dyspareunia, and is thus a simple outpatient procedure that reflects the hormonal milieu and its effects on the vaginal epithelium.
Source: Menopause - Category: OBGYN Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research
This study includes a sample of 48 women with CPP recruited from the Gynecology Service of Virgen de las Nieves and San Cecilio Hospitals in Granada (Spain) and 48 healthy control women matched with respect to age and anthropometric characteristics. Outcome variables collected included: balance ability (Mini-Balance Evaluation Systems Test and Timed Up an Go Test) and posture (photogrammetry and Spinal Mouse). Results: Significant differences were found in all Mini Best Test subscales: total (P 
Source: Menopause - Category: OBGYN Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research
Objective: To evaluate pain and determine the efficacy of misoprostol, compared with placebo, for postmenopausal women before diagnostic hysteroscopy. Methods: This randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical trial included 158 postmenopausal women who received either 200 μg of misoprostol or placebo through the vaginal route before diagnostic hysteroscopy (79 women/group). The primary outcome was pain assessment (presence and intensity) during the four steps of hysteroscopy: cervical grasping with a Pozzi tenaculum forceps immediately before hysteroscopy, during hysteroscopy, during performance of th...
Source: Menopause - Category: OBGYN Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research
Abstract Background: As elongated styloid process is one of the causes of recurrent oropharyngeal pain and carotid nerve plexus compression called Eagle's syndrome and this length is not similar in different communities, the aim of the current study is to determine average length of styloid process by paranasal multidetector computed tomography. Materials and Methods: This is a retrospective cross-sectional study about 393 patients who underwent paranasal MDCT scan for trauma in Radiology Department without pathologic finding. Styloid length from temporal bone junction to tip of the process was measured using...
Source: Biomed Res - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Adv Biomed Res Source Type: research
There is increasing evidence in oncology that pain management contributes to broad quality-of-life improvement. To maximize patient outcomes, pain management is an essential part of oncologic management. The aim of this study was to investigate the safety and effectiveness of computed tomography (CT)-guided 125I brachytherapy in treating adult cancer pain.
Source: Brachytherapy - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Source Type: research
No abstract available
Source: Regional Anesthesia and Pain Medicine - Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Editorial Source Type: research
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