Can infrascanner be useful in hospital emergency departments for diagnosing minor head injury in children? - Lewartowska-Nyga D, Nyga K, Skotnicka-Klonowicz G.

AIM: The aim of the study was to determine whether Infrascanner screening is a test which would facilitate excluding acute intracranial bleeding in children after minor head injury and thus make it possible to limit indications for computed tomography in t...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

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Discussion Oropharyngeal trauma is common and ranges from minor contusions to severe trauma of the head and neck. Sudden movement while having a foreign object in the mouth is a very common scenario with falls or collisions being common mechanisms. Common objects include toys, sticks, pens/pencils, chopsticks, toothbrushes, and popsicle sticks. Many of these injuries cause minimal problems such as a contusion to lips (i.e. “fat lip”). In general, the more anterior the location the more common the injury and the less likely to have a severe injury (i.e. lips). Whereas posterior structures are more protected, bu...
Source: PediatricEducation.org - Category: Pediatrics Authors: Tags: Uncategorized Source Type: news
This article originally appeared on Health.com
Source: TIME: Health - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Uncategorized Diet/Nutrition healthytime onetime Source Type: news
Conclusions: Systematic routine use of a second CT scan in mild head trauma in patients taking anticoagulants is expensive and clinically unnecessary.
Source: Neurology Clinical Practice - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: Cost effectiveness/economic, CT, Brain trauma, All Practice Management Research Source Type: research
Abstract In the elderly, particularly those over 80 years old, head injuries often occur as a result of falls. The majority suffer from mild head injury. After clarification of the initial symptoms in these patients, the main aim is to recognize or exclude intracranial injuries (bleeding). Demonstration of intracranial bleeding is possible with cranial computed tomography (CCT), which in contrast to magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) can be quickly carried out in most cases; however, most patients with mild head injury show no intracranial bleeding. The performance of CCT and the often necessary hospital admiss...
Source: Zeitschrift fur Gerontologie und Geriatrie - Category: Geriatrics Authors: Tags: Z Gerontol Geriatr Source Type: research
ConclusionUsing an EEG‐based biomarker high accuracy of predicting the likelihood of being CT+ was obtained, with high NPV and sensitivity to any traumatic bleeding and to hematomas. Specificity was significantly higher than standard CT decision rules. The short time to acquire results and the ease of use in the ED environment suggests that EEG‐based classifier algorithms have potential to impact triage and clinical management of head‐injured patients.
Source: Academic Emergency Medicine - Category: Emergency Medicine Authors: Tags: Original Contribution Source Type: research
Ski season is here, and I am reminded of the story of Natasha Richardson (Liam Neeson’s wife), who tragically died of a head injury while skiing without a helmet in 2007. Here in the emergency department, we see many patients with concern for head injuries. We factor what may have caused the injury, your age, what we find when we examine you, the timing of the incident, the medicines you take, as well as some other factors, when deciding whether to do a CT scan or admit you to the hospital. When a head injury causes bleeding in the brain Ms. Richardson died of an epidural hematoma, one of several types of brain bleed...
Source: Harvard Health Blog - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Brain and cognitive health Injuries Prevention Safety Source Type: blogs
Christoph Arneitz, Maria Sinzig, Günter FaschingJournal of Clinical Imaging Science 2016 6(1):47-47Objective: The indications of routine skull X-rays after mild head trauma are still in discussion, and the clinical management of a child with a skull fracture remains controversial. The aim of our retrospective study was to evaluate our diagnostic and clinical management of children with skull fractures following minor head trauma. Methods: We worked up the medical history of all consecutive patients with a skull fracture treated in our hospital from January 2009 to October 2014 and investigated all skull X-rays in our ...
Source: Journal of Clinical Imaging Science - Category: Radiology Authors: Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: S100B cannot be considered as an effective diagnostic tool in the prediction or exclusion of SIHE in older patients with mHIs taking LDA prophylaxis. PMID: 26580090 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Brain Injury - Category: Neurology Tags: Brain Inj Source Type: research
In 1991, the mummified body of a 5,000-year-old murder victim was discovered in melting ice at a rock-gully crime scene high in the Italian Otzal Alps. Nicknamed "Otzi", the estimated 45-year-old man and his possessions were incredibly well preserved. His skin, hair, bones, and organs were cryopreserved in time, allowing archeological researchers a phenomenal insight into human life in the Copper Age. The frozen corpse also gave modern science the opportunity to forensically investigate and positively determine how Otzi the Iceman was killed. The story began on a sunny September day, when two hikers were traversi...
Source: Science - The Huffington Post - Category: Science Source Type: news
This study aimed to determine the outcome after gunshot wounds (GSWs) to the head and to evaluate the impact of prognostic factors mentioned in the literature on the outcome. Methods: This prospective study included 30 patients; 24 males and 6 females with a mean age of 31 years. All with penetrating GSWs to the head admitted to the emergency department of Cairo University Hospitals from January 2008 till June 2011. Shotgun was the most common injury in this study, whereas bullet injury was in only 3 patients (10%). Preoperatively, patients were categorized according to their Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) into mild, moderate, ...
Source: Neurosurgery Quarterly - Category: Neurosurgery Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research
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