Evaluating the ototoxicity of a antiMRSA peptide KR-12-a2

Conclusion In our experiment, topically applied KR-12-a2 solution did not cause hearing loss or cochlear damage in guinea pigs. The KR-12-a2 solution can be used as ototopical drops for treating MRSA otorrhea; however, further evaluations, such as the definition of optimal concentration and combination, are necessary.
Source: Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology - Category: ENT & OMF Source Type: research

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This study compares the effect of Helicobacter (H.) pylori and Lactobacillus (L.) acidophilus on the cytokine profile of PBMCs of 5 men with abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) and 5 men with normal/insignificant angiography, CT-Scan and ultrasonography results in the single-culture and in the co-culture with HUVECs. IL-2, IL-4, IL-5, IL-6, IL-9, IL-10, IL-13, IL-17A, IL-17 F, IL-21, IL-22, IFN-γ and TNF-α were measured in culture supernatants using a commercial fluorescent-labeled-bead assay.In general, CagA+ H. pylori-extract induced higher production of IFN-γ, IL-13 and IL-21 by PBMCs. Treatment of ...
Source: Comparative Immunology, Microbiology and Infectious Diseases - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 19 February 2020Source: European Annals of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck DiseasesAuthor(s): M. Risoud, M. Tardivel, P.-E. Lemesre, N.-X. Bonne, C. VincentAbstractImmunofluorescence on cleared intact cochlea allows detailed analysis of the cochlear ultrastructure, while avoiding the problems of dissection and serial sections. Protocols have been developed for mice and Mongolian gerbils. This technical note proposes a detailed and optimised immunofluorescence protocol in the Mongolian gerbil comprising significant quantitative and qualitative improvements. This protocol sequentially co...
Source: European Annals of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Diseases - Category: ENT & OMF Source Type: research
Raquel Ferrer-Espada1,2, Xiaojing Liu1,2, Xueping Sharon Goh1,2 and Tianhong Dai1,2* 1Wellman Center for Photomedicine, Massachusetts General Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, United States 2Vaccine &Immunotherapy Center, Massachusetts General Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, United States Polymicrobial biofilms, in which mixed microbial species are present, play a significant role in persistent infections. Furthermore, polymicrobial biofilms promote antibiotic resistance by allowing interspecies transfer of antibiotic resistance genes. In the present study, we investigated the effec...
Source: Frontiers in Microbiology - Category: Microbiology Source Type: research
ConclusionIn our experiment, topically applied KR-12-a2 solution did not cause hearing loss or cochlear damage in guinea pigs. The KR-12-a2 solution can be used as ototopical drops for treating methicillin-resistant staphylococcus aureus otorrhea; however, further evaluations, such as the definition of optimal concentration and combination, are necessary.ResumoIntroduçãoO Staphylococcus aureus resistente à meticilina é um problema emergente não só para a otite média supurativa crônica, mas também para casos de otorreia crônica em crianças com tubo d...
Source: Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology - Category: ENT & OMF Source Type: research
Authors: Tadesse S, Alemayehu H, Tenna A, Tadesse G, Tessema TS, Shibeshi W, Eguale T Abstract BACKGROUND: Staphylococcus aureus is one of the major pathogens of public health importance responsible for various forms of infection. Development of resistance to commonly used antimicrobials limited treatment options against infections due to this pathogen. Antimicrobial resistance profile of Staphylococcus aureus isolated from patients with surgical site infection and ear infection and corresponding nasal swab was investigated in Tikur Anbessa Specialized Hospital (TASH), Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. METHODS: Wound and ...
Source: BMC Pharmacology and Toxicology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Tags: BMC Pharmacol Toxicol Source Type: research
Conclusion In our experiment, topically applied KR-12-a2 solution did not cause hearing loss or cochlear damage in guinea pigs. The KR-12-a2 solution can be used as ototopical drops for treating MRSA otorrhea; however, further evaluations, such as the definition of optimal concentration and combination, are necessary.
Source: Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology - Category: ENT & OMF Source Type: research
This study evaluated changes over 5 years in principal pathogens and their antibiotic sensitivity in patients in Korea diagnosed with acute OM (AOM) and OM with effusion (OME). The study population consisted of 683 patients who visited the outpatient department of otorhinolaryngology in 7 tertiary hospitals in Korea between January 2010 and May 2015 and were diagnosed with acute AOM or OME. Aural discharge or middle ear fluid were collected from patients in the operating room or outpatient department and subjected to tests of bacterial identification and antibiotic sensitivity. The overall bacteria detection rate of AOM wa...
Source: Journal of Korean Medical Science - Category: Biomedical Science Tags: J Korean Med Sci Source Type: research
Conclusion Multidrug resistant strains of P. aeruginosa were more prevalent than those of S. aureus in ear discharges. Tobramycin and cloxacillin may be included in the formulatory antibiotic regimen to overcome bacterial infections in CSOM.
Source: Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology - Category: ENT & OMF Source Type: research
Aural irrigation using antiseptic solutions can be an effective medical treatment of chronic suppurative otitis media (CSOM) owing to the increasing prevalence of antibiotic-resistant CSOM infections. In the present study, we compared the antimicrobial activities of 100% Burow's solution, 50% Burow's solution, 2% acetic acid, vinegar with water (1:1), and 4% boric acid solution against methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA), methicillin-susceptible S. aureus (MSSA), quinolone-resistant Pseudomonas aeruginosa (QRPA), and quinolone-susceptible P.
Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology - Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Source Type: research
In this study, we developed a biocompatible and biodegradable vancomycin (VM)-eluting electrospun poly(ɛ-caprolactone) (PCL)/polyethylene oxide (PEO)/VM/PCL nanofiber mat. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of this nanofiber mat for preventing methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) biofilm on the ossicular prostheses and otitis media.
Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology - Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Source Type: research
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