Association of adiposity indices with bone density and bone turnover in the Chinese population

ConclusionBMI, fat mass, and lean mass are proved to be beneficial for BMD in both males and postmenopausal females. SFA is negatively associated with BMD and positively correlated with osteocalcin in postmenopausal females.
Source: Osteoporosis International - Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research

Related Links:

The aging process is characterized by the chronic inflammatory status called “inflammaging”, which shares major molecular and cellular features with the metabolism-induced inflammation called “metaflammation.” Metaflammation is mainly driven by overnutrition and nutrient excess, but other contributing factors are metabolic modifications related to the specific body composition (BC) changes occurring with age. The aging process is indeed characterized by an increase in body total fat mass and a concomitant decrease in lean mass and bone density, that are independent from general and physiological flu...
Source: Frontiers in Endocrinology - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
ConclusionThese modified recommendations provide guidance for rheumatologists, radiologists and healthcare professionals on timely diagnosis of axSpA and disease management with appropriate imaging modalities.
Source: International Journal of Rheumatic Diseases - Category: Rheumatology Authors: Tags: REVIEW Source Type: research
Abstract Bone, vascular smooth muscle, and arachnoid trabeculae are composed of the same type of collagen. However, no studies have investigated the relationship between bone mineral density deterioration and cerebral atrophy, both of which occur in normal, healthy aging. Accordingly, we evaluated whether bone mineral density was associated with brain parenchymal atrophy and ventricular enlargement in healthy individuals. Intracranial cavity, brain parenchyma, and lateral ventricles volumes were measured using brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) with a semiautomated tool. We included 267 individuals with no his...
Source: Aging - Category: Biomedical Science Authors: Tags: Aging (Albany NY) Source Type: research
A, Dambrauskas Z Abstract Background and Objectives: Both chronic pancreatitis (CP) and pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) may lead to cachexia, sarcopenia, and osteoporosis due to different mechanisms. Neither patient gender, age, nor body weight are good predictors of these metabolic changes having a significant negative impact on the quality of life (QOL) and treatment outcomes. The aim of this study was to evaluate radiological changes in body composition and to compare them with manifestations of exocrine and endocrine pancreatic insufficiency, body mass, and QOL among patients with CP and PDAC. Material...
Source: Medicina (Kaunas) - Category: Universities & Medical Training Authors: Tags: Medicina (Kaunas) Source Type: research
ConclusionADC values correlated positively with BMD in women. DWI can allow quantitative evaluation of bone marrow changes and osteoporosis in postmenopausal women.
Source: La Radiologia Medica - Category: Radiology Source Type: research
ConclusionFemur bone microarchitecture metrics quantified using UHF MRI significantly correlated with biomechanical parameters. The multimodal assessment of ABMD and trabecular bone microarchitecture using UHF MRI provides more information about fracture risk of femoral bone and might be of interest for future investigations of patients with undetected osteoporosis.
Source: Diagnostic and Interventional Imaging - Category: Radiology Source Type: research
Abstract Pregnancy is a normal condition in which a combination of biomechanical and hormonal changes may result in a wide spectrum of skeletal disorders. Skeletal overloading due to postural and weight changes, combined with increased ligamentous laxity stemming from the action of relaxing and the risk of pregnancy-related osteoporosis during childbearing, childbirth, and postpartum, have been associated with various pathologies. Owing to the heterogeneity of proposed contributing factors, skeletal lesions in the peripartum period may be related to different pathogenesis depending on the metabolic status of the p...
Source: Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology : The Turkish Society of Radiology - Category: Radiology Authors: Tags: Diagn Interv Radiol Source Type: research
ConclusionsThis study provides the first quantitative evidence that compression fractures in postmenopausal women with underlying osteoporosis/low bone mass are associated with less paraspinal and psoas muscle volumes. Further longitudinal studies with larger cohorts are needed to verify this relationship.Key Points• The risk of osteoporotic compression fractures is higher in older women with smaller paraspinal muscle volume.• Older women show smaller paraspinal muscle volume and more intramuscular fat compared to younger controls.
Source: European Radiology - Category: Radiology Source Type: research
CONCLUSION:: M-score is a MRI-based method which can identify patients at risk of osteoporosis. Early diagnosis of osteoporosis can reduce morbidity and mortality caused by it. ADVANCES IN KNOWLEDGE:: The research introduced cut of points for M-score as a new MRI quantitative method to be used as an opportunistic technique for detecting osteoporotic patients. PMID: 30759992 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: The British Journal of Radiology - Category: Radiology Authors: Tags: Br J Radiol Source Type: research
Authors: Allon R, Levy Y, Lavi I, Kramer A, Barzilai M, Wollstein R Abstract BACKGROUND: Because fragility fractures have an enormous impact on the practice of medicine and global health systems, effective screening is imperative. Currently, dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA), which has limited ability to predict fractures, is being used. We evaluated the current literature for a method that may constitute a better screening method to predict fragility fractures. A systematic review of the literature was conducted on computed tomography (CT), magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), and ultrasound to evaluate screenin...
Source: The Israel Medical Association Journal - Category: General Medicine Tags: Isr Med Assoc J Source Type: research
More News: DEXA Scan | MRI Scan | Orthopaedics | Osteoporosis | Study