Mediating role of borderline personality disorder traits in the effects of childhood maltreatment on suicidal behaviour among mood disorder patients - Aaltonen KI, Rosenstr öm T, Baryshnikov I, Karpov B, Melartin T, Suominen K, Heikkinen M, Näätänen P, Koivisto M, Joffe G, Isometsä E.

BACKGROUND: Substantial evidence supports an association between childhood maltreatment and suicidal behaviour. However, few studies have examined factors mediating this relationship among patients with unipolar or bipolar mood disorders. METHODS: ...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

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In this study, using multiple linear regression analysis, we found that decreased emotion coping appraisal of resilience in young adults was explained by an increased tendency to update beliefs about cue–outcome associative probability in a volatile environment and the increase in the parental verbal abuse experienced in early childhood. The total scores of resilience appraisals were also explained in the same manner (see Supplementary Tables 4 and 7). In addition, we did not find any effect of gender on the results both with whole subject (Figure 4) and in the gender-matched subgroup (see Supplementary Figure 3).Not...
Source: Frontiers in Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
Conclusion It is clear that clinically, there is still much to be learnt about alexithymia and its relationship with a range of related phenomena. Firstly, is alexithymia a continuous and stable trait independent of psychological or somatic symptomology that is developed during childhood? Or is it instead a reactive state induced by trauma and distress at any age, which serves to defend against intense and upsetting emotions? This impacts on treatment options. For example, should we be focussing on early childhood interventions which target the child's emotional environment and parenting to encourage emotional exp...
Source: Frontiers in Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
This study will be conducted in the city of Porto Alegre in the state of Rio Grande do Sul in far-southern Brazil. This region has Portuguese, Italian, German, and African influence. It has a population of 1.4 million, and it is the 10th most populous city in Brazil. Its ethnic distribution is as follows: White (79.2%), Black (10.2%), and Pardo (multiracial) people (10.6%). Its religious distribution is as follows: Catholic (83%), Protestant (9%), and others and atheists (8%). Brazil is a country with a high level of religiosity, and it is common for people to associate improvements in their health as being due to their fa...
Source: Frontiers in Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
Abstract Background and objectives: The quality of life and disease outcomes in bipolar patients, including increased risk of psychiatric hospitalizations and suicide, are adversely affected by the presence of borderline personality disorder (BPD). Our study aims to determine the impact of BPD on the inpatient outcomes of bipolar disorder patients. Methods: We used Nationwide Inpatient Sample from the US hospitals and identified cases with bipolar disorder and comorbid BPD (N = 268,232) and controls with bipolar disorder only (N = 242,379), using the International Classification of Diseases, 9th Revision, and Clin...
Source: Medicina (Kaunas) - Category: Universities & Medical Training Authors: Tags: Medicina (Kaunas) Source Type: research
 The transition from youth to adult is a difficult one for most people, filled with unexpected events and changes that we are ill-prepared for. Many find themselves seriously lacking not only the life skills needed, but also the psychological and emotional tools that would make this huge change easier. Our guest this week explains how we can use mindfulness to develop these tools and make adulting much less intimidating. Subscribe to Our Show! And Remember to Review Us! About Our Guest Lara Fielding is a clinical psychologist in Los Angeles, and an adjunct professor at Pepperdine Graduate School of Ed...
Source: World of Psychology - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Tags: General Mindfulness Students The Psych Central Show Adulthood adulting Gabe Howard Transition Vincent M. Wales Source Type: blogs
 Growing up with a mentally ill parent can be a traumatic experience for any child. For Ally Golden, her mother’s mental illness was major depression, later diagnosed as borderline personality disorder. Ally’s book, A Good Soldier, chronicles her life growing up in this environment, with a mentally ill mother who frequently threatened suicide, and the psychological trauma that resulted for her. Decades later, her mother carried out her threat. Listen to hear Ally’s fascinating story. Subscribe to Our Show! And Remember to Review Us! About Our Guest Ally Golden is the author ...
Source: World of Psychology - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Tags: Borderline Personality General Relationships The Psych Central Show Gabe Howard Suicide Vincent M. Wales Source Type: blogs
The prevalence of bipolar disorder range from 1% to 7.5% in epidemiological studies (Moreira et al., 2017; Jansen et al., 2011). The rate of suicide attempts and completed suicide is exceedingly high in bipolar disorder. A recent systematic review showed that the rate of suicide attempts spans 25% to 50%, and that 8% to 19% of patients with bipolar disorder will complete suicide (Latalova et al., 2014). In addition, the authors showed that the main risk factors for suicide include a younger age of onset of the illness, history of past suicidal behavior, family history of suicide acts, comorbid borderline personality disord...
Source: Psychiatry Research - Category: Psychiatry Authors: Source Type: research
Omega-3 fatty acids are found primarily in fish oil and certain marine algae. Because depression appears less common in nations where people eat large amounts of fish, scientists have investigated whether fish oils may prevent and/or treat depression and other mood disorders. Two omega-3 fatty acids — eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) — are thought to have the most potential to benefit people with mood disorders. How might omega-3s improve depression? Different mechanisms of action have been proposed. For example, omega-3s can easily travel through the brain cell membrane and interact w...
Source: Harvard Health Blog - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Anxiety and Depression Behavioral Health Drugs and Supplements Mental Health Source Type: blogs
Suicide rates are high and have only been increasing over the years. Over 800,000 people die all over the world by suicide each year. A proportion of the suicides are murder suicides resulting in additional loss of life. Attempts at suicide occur more frequently and we have about one million suicide attempts occurring each year. Suicide is a heart-breaking problem that is growing and needs to be addressed in as many ways as is possible. Understanding the risk factors, knowing the warning signs and what to do about them, is a crucial step. The more the awareness the greater the impact on suicide prevention. Risk Factors f...
Source: Psych Central - Category: Psychiatry Authors: Tags: Depression General Suicide Source Type: news
CONCLUSION: The integrated analysis of psychopathology, ELS and neuroendocrine function may provide useful indicators to differentiate BPD and BD diagnoses. These preliminary data need to be replicated in a more significant sample with a better assessment and multiple assessments of the HPA axis activity. PMID: 29702176 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Behavioural Brain Research - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: Behav Brain Res Source Type: research
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