Mucin- and carbohydrate-stimulated adhesion and subproteome changes of the probiotic bacterium Lactobacillus acidophilus NCFM.
Mucin- and carbohydrate-stimulated adhesion and subproteome changes of the probiotic bacterium Lactobacillus acidophilus NCFM. J Proteomics. 2017 May 19;: Authors: Celebioglu HU, Olesen SV, Prehn K, Lahtinen SJ, Brix S, Hachem MA, Svensson B Abstract Adhesion to intestinal mucosa is a crucial property for probiotic bacteria. Adhesion is thought to increase host-bacterial interactions, thus potentially enabling health benefits to the host. Molecular events connected with adhesion and surface proteome changes were investigated for the probiotic Lactobacillus acidophilus NCFM cultured with established or emerging prebiotic carbohydrates as carbon source and in the presence of mucin, the glycoprotein of the epithelial mucus layer. Variation in adhesion to HT29-cells and mucin was associated with carbon source and mucin-induced subproteome abundancy differences. Specifically, while growth on fructooligosaccharides (FOS) only stimulated adhesion to intestinal HT-29 cells, cellobiose and polydextrose in addition increased adhesion to mucin. Adhesion to HT-29 cells increased by about 2-fold for bacteria grown on mucin-supplemented glucose. Comparative 2DE-MS surface proteome analysis showed different proteins in energy metabolism appearing on the surface, suggesting they exert moonlighting functions. Mucin-supplemented bacteria had relative abundance of pyruvate kinase and fructose-bisphosphate aldolase increased by about 2-fold while six spots with 3.2-2.1 fold...
Publication date: Available online 20 October 2018Source: Urology Case ReportsAuthor(s): Y. Ayari
Publication date: Available online 20 October 2018Source: Urology Case ReportsAuthor(s): Vincent Khor, LIE Kwok Ying
In this report, we looked at opioid medication use following discharge after radical prostatectomy. We found that 77% of opioid pain medication prescribed was unused, with 84% of patients using less than half of their prescription. Prescribing more opioids was associated with greater use; only 9% of patients appropriately disposed of leftover medication.
Authors: Voulgaris A, Nena E, Steiropoulos P PMID: 30338831 [PubMed - in process]
Authors: Fisichella R, Benfatto S, Berretta S PMID: 30338830 [PubMed - in process]
Authors: Pintaudi B, Di Vieste G, Corrado F, Lucisano G, Giunta L, D'Anna R, Di Benedetto A Abstract OBJECTIVE: Myo-inositol supplementation prevents gestational diabetes (GDM) in women at risk and reduces insulin resistance in women with GDM. No data are available about its effect on glucose variability. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of a supplementation of myo-inositol on glucose variability in women with GDM. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Myo-inositol effect on glucose variability was studied in a pilot case-control study involving 12 consecutive pregnant women (median age 34 years, 25.0% insulin...
CONCLUSIONS: MiR-124 down-regulation was associated with renal cancer cell OS-RC-2 invasion enhancement. Over-expression of miR-124 attenuated OS-RC-2 cell invasion by down-regulating STAT3 and MMP-9. PMID: 30338828 [PubMed - in process]
CONCLUSIONS: We found that the majority of human milk samples included beta-lactams or quinolones, even though the mothers did not receive these antibiotics during pregnancy and lactation. Antibiotic residues in human milk may affect early maintenance of the intestinal microbiota. Previous studies have shown that antimicrobials in food might increase the risks of allergies and could lead to the development of antibiotic-resistant bacterial strains. Effective policies on food safety and appropriate antibiotic use during pregnancy and lactation are needed. PMID: 30338827 [PubMed - in process]
CONCLUSIONS: Cyclosporine protects HK-2 cells from inflammatory injury via regulating mTOR pathway. PMID: 30338826 [PubMed - in process]
Authors: Golino M, Spera FR, Manfredonia L, De Vita A, Di Franco A, Lamendola P, Villano A, Melita V, Mencarelli E, Lanza GA, Crea F Abstract OBJECTIVE: About one-third of patients undergoing percutaneous coronary interventions (PCIs) for flow-limiting coronary stenosis continue to develop signs of myocardial ischemia (MI) during exercise stress test [EST], despite successful coronary revascularization. Coronary microvascular dysfunction is a likely major cause of the persistence of EST-induced MI in these patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We studied 15 patients (14 men, age 67±5 years) fulfilling the foll...