Nearly One-Third of World’s Population Is Overweight

Schools around the world, like this one in Melilla, Uruguay, are trying to introduce healthy eating habits to bring down rates of obesity and overweight. Credit: Victoria Rodríguez/IPSBy Farangis AbdurazokzodaWASHINGTON , May 31 2014 (IPS) Over two billion people – or 30 percent of the world’s population – are either obese or overweight, and no country has successfully reduced obesity rates to date, according to a new study published this week by the British medical journal, The Lancet. The number of overweight and obese people increased from 857 million in 1980 to 2.1 billion in 2013, according to the research, which was conducted by the Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation (IHME) at the University of Washington and funded by the Bill &Melinda Gates Foundation. Titled “Global, regional, and national prevalence of overweight and obesity in children and adults during 1980-2013,” the study calls obesity a “major public health epidemic” in both the developed and the developing regions of the world. An individual is considered to be overweight if he or she has a Body Mass Index (BMI), or weight-to-height ratio, greater than or equal to 25 and lower than 30, while obesity is defined as having BMI equal to or greater than 30. “Obesity is an issue affecting people of all ages and incomes, everywhere,” said Dr. Christopher Murray, director of IHME and a co-founder of the Global Burden of Disease (GBD) study. Not ...
Source: IPS Inter Press Service - Health - Category: Global & Universal Authors: Tags: Development & Aid Featured Food & Agriculture Headlines Health Population Poverty & MDGs Regional Categories TerraViva United Nations World Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation Body Mass Index Michelle Obama obesity Overweight The Source Type: news

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Typical food store in Brazzaville, Congo. Credit: WHOBy Adelheid Onyango and Bibi GiyoseBRAZZAVILLE, Congo, Aug 14 2018 (IPS)When faced with a crisis, our natural reaction is to deal with its immediate threats. Ateka* came to the make-shift clinic with profuse diarrhoea: they diagnosed cholera. The urgent concern in the midst of that humanitarian crisis was to treat the infection and send her home as quickly as possible. But she came back to the treatment centre a few days later – not for cholera, but because she was suffering from severe acute malnutrition. Doctors had saved her life but not restored her health. And...
Source: IPS Inter Press Service - Health - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Tags: Africa Development & Aid Environment Food & Agriculture Headlines Health Humanitarian Emergencies Population Poverty & SDGs Source Type: news
In this study, we analyzed FGF21 levels and alterations in the expression of genes encoding components of the FGF21-responsive molecular machinery in adipose tissue from aged individuals so as to ascertain whether altered FGF21 responsiveness that develops with aging jeopardizes human health and/or accelerates metabolic disturbances associated with aging. We studied a cohort of 28 healthy elderly individuals (≥70 years) with no overt signs of metabolic or other pathologies and compared them with a cohort of 35 young healthy controls (≤40 years). Serum FGF21 levels were significantly increased in elderly indiv...
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Authors: Pulit SL, Laber S, Glastonbury CA, Lindgren CM Abstract INTRODUCTION: Obesity, defined as a body mass index (BMI) ≥ 30 kg/m2, has reached epidemic proportions; people who are overweight (BMI> 25 kg/m2) or obese now comprise more than 25% of the world's population. Obese individuals have a higher risk of comorbidity development including type 2 diabetes, cardiovascular disease, cancer, and fertility complications. Areas covered: The study of monogenic and syndromic forms of obesity have revealed a small number of genes key to metabolic perturbations. Further, obesity and body shape in the general...
Source: Expert Review of Endocrinology and Metabolism - Category: Endocrinology Tags: Expert Rev Endocrinol Metab Source Type: research
How do spaces affect us, and animals? UCLA biologist Noa Pinter-Wollman had the idea that we can learn from the way animals use space, and, with several colleagues from the U.S., England and France, she is launching an effort to create a new field of study. Her goals are ambitious.Does she hope her research will lead to better homes, better offices and better communities?“Of course,” said Pinter-Wollman, an expert on ants, spiders and how environments influence collective behavior. “Who doesn’t? I want to know how collective behaviors emerge; what causes them, and how they can be improved.”It ...
Source: UCLA Newsroom: Health Sciences - Category: Universities & Medical Training Source Type: news
THE obesity epidemic among primary school children is at record levels, figures today reveal. More than 22,000 aged 10 to 11 are at risk of diabetes, heart disease and even cancer because they are too fat.
Source: Daily Express - Health - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news
Obesity, Type 2 diabetes and metabolic syndrome, all of which have risen to epidemic levels in recent years, are linked to pancreatic cancer.
Source: NYT Health - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Pancreatic Cancer Smoking and Tobacco Pancreas Diabetes Source Type: news
(CNN) — Death rates from liver cancer increased 43% for American adults from 2000 to 2016, according to a report released Tuesday by the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention’s National Center for Health Statistics. The increase comes even as mortality for all cancers combined has declined. Liver cancer death rates increased for both men and women 25 and older, as well as white, black and Hispanic people. Only Asians and Pacific Islanders saw a decrease in mortality from liver cancer. The rise in mortality doesn’t mean that liver cancer is deadlier than before, according to Dr. Jiaquan Xu, the aut...
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Source: Diabetes and Metabolic Syndrome: Clinical Research and Reviews - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
I’ve been lately discussing the issue of small intestinal bacterial overgrowth, or SIBO, a situation in which bowel microorganisms (especially of the undesirable Enterobacteriaceae variety such as E. coli and Shigella) ascend up from the colon and colonize the ileum, jejunum, duodenum, and stomach. This has numerous health implications that are only beginning to be appreciated: irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), fibromyalgia, psoriasis and other skin rashes, restless leg syndrome, diverticular disease, heightened body-wide inflammation, increased risk for colon cancer—SIBO is either synonymous with these condition...
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Publication date: Available online 5 May 2018Source: Diabetes &Metabolic Syndrome: Clinical Research &ReviewsAuthor(s): Dinh-Toi Chu, Nguyen Thi Minh Nguyet, Thien Chu Dinh, Nguyen Vu Thai Lien, Khanh-Hoang Nguyen, Vo Truong Nhu Ngoc, Yang Tao, Le Hoang Son, Duc-Hau Le, Vu Bich Nga, Adam Jurgoński, Quoc-Hung Tran, Pham Van Tu, Van-Huy PhamAbstractOverweight and obesity (OW and OB) have been on the increase globally and posed health risks to the world’s population of all ages, including pre-born babies, children, adolescents, adults and elderly people, via their comorbid conditions. Excellent examples of como...
Source: Diabetes and Metabolic Syndrome: Clinical Research and Reviews - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
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