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Nearly One-Third of World’s Population Is Overweight

Schools around the world, like this one in Melilla, Uruguay, are trying to introduce healthy eating habits to bring down rates of obesity and overweight. Credit: Victoria Rodríguez/IPSBy Farangis AbdurazokzodaWASHINGTON , May 31 2014 (IPS) Over two billion people – or 30 percent of the world’s population – are either obese or overweight, and no country has successfully reduced obesity rates to date, according to a new study published this week by the British medical journal, The Lancet. The number of overweight and obese people increased from 857 million in 1980 to 2.1 billion in 2013, according to the research, which was conducted by the Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation (IHME) at the University of Washington and funded by the Bill &Melinda Gates Foundation. Titled “Global, regional, and national prevalence of overweight and obesity in children and adults during 1980-2013,” the study calls obesity a “major public health epidemic” in both the developed and the developing regions of the world. An individual is considered to be overweight if he or she has a Body Mass Index (BMI), or weight-to-height ratio, greater than or equal to 25 and lower than 30, while obesity is defined as having BMI equal to or greater than 30. “Obesity is an issue affecting people of all ages and incomes, everywhere,” said Dr. Christopher Murray, director of IHME and a co-founder of the Global Burden of Disease (GBD) study. Not ...
Source: IPS Inter Press Service - Health - Category: Global & Universal Authors: Tags: Development & Aid Featured Food & Agriculture Headlines Health Population Poverty & MDGs Regional Categories TerraViva United Nations World Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation Body Mass Index Michelle Obama obesity Overweight The Source Type: news

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Registered dietitian nutritionists (RDNs) play a critical role in the continuum of chronic disease care as the population faces an ongoing obesity epidemic, and adherence to dietary recommendations remains low.1-3 Diet has independent effects on diabetes, cancer, and cardiovascular disease, three major causes of death in the United States.4,5 Diet is a vital part of a healthful lifestyle and may impact quality of life through its effect on energy balance and weight management.3 According to the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics, primary prevention is the most effective and affordable method to prevent chronic disease, and...
Source: Journal of the American Dietetic Association - Category: Nutrition Authors: Tags: Practice Applications Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 11 January 2018 Source:Current Opinion in Food Science Author(s): Carlos M. Donado-Pestana, Márcio Hercules Caldas Moura, Renata Luise de Araujo, Gabriela de Lima Santiago, Helena Rudge de Moraes Barros, Maria Inés Genovese Obesity has reached epidemic proportions in the last decades and has been associated to the risk of cardiovascular diseases, type 2 diabetes and some cancer types. Evidences suggest that bioactive compounds present in plant-based foods, including polyphenols, may exert beneficial effects against obesity and its associated complications. The Brazilian flo...
Source: Current Opinion in Food Science - Category: Food Science Source Type: research
Authors: Kang Y, Cai Y Abstract Obesity is a major public health issue as it is causally associated with several chronic disorders, including type-2 diabetes, cerebrovascular disease (CVD), and cancer. In the United States and other countries worldwide, the obesity epidemic has drastically impacted the status of health of millions as well as healthcare costs. Aside from poor diet, hygiene, and genetics, there are many other factors thought to play an important role in the emergence of obesity. Nowadays, accumulating evidence is elucidating the relation of dysbiosis of intestinal bacteria with obesity and metabolic ...
Source: Hormones - Category: Endocrinology Tags: Hormones (Athens) Source Type: research
Conclusions We have shown that restoring obese AT eosinophils to lean healthy levels is not sufficient to allow for improvement in any of a range of metabolic features otherwise impaired in obesity. Thus, the mechanisms that identified eosinophils as positive regulators of AT function, and therefore systemic health, are more complex than initially understood and will require further study to fully elucidate.
Source: Molecular Metabolism - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
Up until the first half of the twentieth century, large-scale health disasters were mostly due to natural causes (earthquakes, volcanoes, hurricanes, etc.) or infections (e.g., smallpox, influenza epidemics, cholera). But something peculiar happened as we entered the second half of the century: Health disasters due to natural causes became dwarfed by large-scale health disasters that are man-made. Here’s a list of the Six Worst U.S. Health Disasters of the Last 50 Years, mostly man-made phenomena that have exacted huge tolls: widespread disease, premature death, poorly managed (though nonetheless highly profitable fo...
Source: Wheat Belly Blog - Category: Cardiology Authors: Tags: Undoctored Wheat Belly Lifestyle autoimmune gluten grain-free grains Inflammation low-carb Weight Loss Source Type: blogs
Over the past decades, there has been a dramatic increase in obesity all over the world (Hurt, Kulisek et  al. 2010). The epidemic rise of obesity and its associated comorbidities, including diabetes mellitus, hyperlipidemia, hypertension, cardiovascular diseases, and many forms of cancer, demonstrate the necessity to discover the molecular mechanisms underlying the onset of obesity (Hariri and Thibaul t 2010). In this sense, the increasing prevalence of obesity is partly due to the availability of energy-dense foods with a high fat (HF) content (Swinburn, Caterson et al.
Source: Nutrition - Category: Nutrition Authors: Source Type: research
ConclusionIn documenting national CVD statistics, the Atlas provides valuable insights into the inequalities in risk factors, health care delivery, and outcomes of CVD across the ESC member countries. The availability of these data will underpin the ESC ’s ambitious mission ‘to reduce the burden of cardiovascular disease’ not only in its member countries but also in nation states around the world.
Source: European Heart Journal - Category: Cardiology Source Type: research
16 October 2017 Hospitals have been ordered to take super-size chocolate bars and “grab bags” of sugary snacks off of the shelves in the latest step of the NHS plan to fight obesity, diabetes and tooth-decay. NHS England chief executive Simon Stevens has announced a 250 calorie limit on confectionary sold in hospital canteens, stores, vending machines and other outlets. Hospital chiefs will have to ensure that four out of five items purchased on their premises do not bust the limit, which is an eighth of a woman ’s and a tenth of a man’s recommended daily intake, or lose out on funding ring-fenc...
Source: Dental Technology Blog - Category: Dentistry Source Type: news
When it comes to our health as a nation, we’re not doing so great. Some cancer rates are climbing sharply. Nearly one in eight Americans has diabetes. And we are ballooning in weight, with obesity rates at record highs. Amid that grim picture, government researchers on Thursday had a glimmer of good news: Our cholesterol numbers, […]Related:Rise in mumps outbreaks prompts U.S. panel to endorse 3rd vaccine doseExpert panel recommends new shingles vaccine that gives increased protectionFDA’s Gottlieb calls for greater use of medication-assisted treatment to fight opioid epidemic
Source: Washington Post: To Your Health - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news
Obesity and metabolic syndrome is considered an epidemic in Western societies. An adult is considered to be obese with a BMI of 30 or above. Obesity imposes a significant human burden of disease, mortality, social exclusion and poor quality of life. It is closely associated with multiple comorbidities including type 2 diabetes, coronary heart disease, and poor health status, and has a substantial human cost by contributing to the onset of disease and premature mortality. Surgical interventions are significantly more effective than non-surgical therapies for the treatment of severe obesity, reduction of cardiovascular morbi...
Source: Surgery (Medicine Publishing) - Category: Surgery Authors: Tags: Oesophagus and stomach Source Type: research
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