Isolation of Swine Influenza Virus in Cell Cultures and Embryonated Chicken Eggs

Influenza virus isolation is a procedure to obtain a live and infectious virus that can be used for antigenic characterization, pathogenesis investigation, and vaccine production. Embryonated chicken egg inoculation is traditionally considered the “gold standard” method for influenza virus isolation and propagation. However, many primary cells and continuous cell lines have also been examined or developed for influenza virus isolation and replication. Specifically, swine influenza virus (SIV) isolation and propagation have been attempted and compared in embryonated chicken eggs, some primary porcine cells, and a number of continuous cell lines. Currently Madin–Darby canine kidney (MDCK) cells remain the most commonly used cell line for isolation, propagation, and titration of SIV. Virus isolation in embryonated chicken eggs or in different cell lines offers alternative approaches when SIV isolation in MDCK cells is unsuccessful. Nasal swabs, lung tissues, and oral fluids are three major specimen types for SIV isolation. In this chapter, we describe the procedures of sample processing, SIV isolation in MDCK cells and in embryonated chicken eggs, as well as methods used for confirming the virus isolation results.
Source: Springer protocols feed by Infectious Diseases - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: news

Related Links:

We describe here that pre-exposure with a live virus generated via a A/WSN/1933(H1N1) reverse genetics system resulted in a significant reduction of viral shedding from pigs exposed to either a swine H1N1 virus or a swine H3N2 virus. At 3-day post challenge (DPC), approximately 1 log and 1.5 logs reductions of viral shedding were observed in the swine H1N1- and H3N2-challenged vaccinated pigs when compared to unvaccinated animals. A further decline in viral load was observed at 5 DPC where viral shedding was decreased by greater than 3 logs in vaccinated pigs receiving either the H1N1 or H3N2 virus challenge. Although the ...
Source: Veterinary Microbiology - Category: Veterinary Research Source Type: research
W, Taylor C, Wentworth DE, Xu X, Zanders N, Katz J, Jernigan D Abstract During May 20-October 13, 2018,* low levels of influenza activity were reported in the United States, with a mix of influenza A and B viruses circulating. Seasonal influenza activity in the Southern Hemisphere was low overall, with influenza A(H1N1)pdm09 predominating in many regions. Antigenic testing of available influenza A and B viruses indicated that no significant antigenic drift in circulating viruses had emerged. In late September, the components for the 2019 Southern Hemisphere influenza vaccine were selected and included an incremen...
Source: MMWR Morb Mortal Wkl... - Category: Epidemiology Authors: Tags: MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep Source Type: research
Among the dead were 180 babies, children and teenagers, more than in any year since the C.D.C. began tracking pediatric deaths.
Source: NYT Health - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Influenza Swine Influenza Vaccination and Immunization Winter (Season) Epidemics Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Source Type: news
Publication date: Available online 8 September 2018Source: Microbial PathogenesisAuthor(s): Vladislav Victorovich Khrustalev, Tatyana Aleksandrovna Khrustaleva, Larisa Valentinovna KordyukovaAbstractThe aim of this study was to construct a vaccine peptide candidate against pandemic Influenza H1N1 hemagglutinin and to test its structure. With the help of bioinformatic algorithms we showed that the sequence encoding the second polypeptide of pandemic Influenza H1N1 hemagglutinin (HA2) is protected from nonsynonymous mutations better than the sequence encoding its first polypeptide (HA1). With the help of secondary and ternar...
Source: Microbial Pathogenesis - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Policy makers need to be cognisant of women's concerns and develop resources for both pregnant women and healthcare workers as part of both future pandemic planning and seasonal vaccination efforts. PMID: 30098979 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Women Birth - Category: Midwifery Authors: Tags: Women Birth Source Type: research
In conclusion, the inactivated high-growth reassortant vaccine SH1/PR8 could induce high antibody levels and complete protection is expected against SH1 wild type SIV, and protection against heterologous EA H1N1 SIV needs further evaluation.
Source: Veterinary Microbiology - Category: Veterinary Research Source Type: research
In this study, we screened all the protein sequences of the swine-origin epidemic IAV strain A/Beijing/01/2009 (H1N1), and a total of 73 9-mer epitope peptides were predicted to fit the consensus motif of the swine SLA-3*hs0202 or HLA-A*0201 molecule. Then, 14 peptides were selected, and their affinities to SLA-3*hs0202 were tested by a modified in vitro refolding assay. Our results show that ten epitopes could tolerate gel filtration, indicating that these epitopes formed stable or partly stable complexes with SLA-3*hs0202. Eight out of the ten epitopes have been previously reported as HLA-A2-restricted epitopes, which im...
Source: Immunogenetics - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Source Type: research
In conclusion, the inactivated high-growth reassortant vaccine SH1/PR8 could induce high antibody levels and complete protection is expected against SH1 wild type SIV, and protection against heterologous EA H1N1 SIV needs further evaluation.
Source: Veterinary Microbiology - Category: Veterinary Research Source Type: research
Journal of Internal Medicine, EarlyView.
Source: Journal of Internal Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS Despite great progress in the management of ARDS, based mostly on advanced mechanical ventilation, early antiviral treatment of pneumonia caused by influenza A (H1N1) and annual vaccinations seem essential in prevention and management of influenza A (H1N1) infection among kidney transplant recipients. PMID: 29599422 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Annals of Transplantation - Category: Transplant Surgery Authors: Tags: Ann Transplant Source Type: research
More News: Infectious Diseases | Influenza | Influenza Vaccine | Swine Flu | Swine Flu (H1N1) Vaccine | Urology & Nephrology | Vaccines