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Study finds that sleep disorders affect men and women differently

(American Academy of Sleep Medicine) A new study suggests that men and women are affected differently by sleep disorders. Results show that women are more likely than men to have more severe symptoms of depression, trouble sleeping at night, and excessive daytime sleepiness. Women also have a higher degree of difficulty concentrating and remembering things due to sleepiness or tiredness. In contrast, male snoring was more likely than female snoring to force bed partners to sleep in different rooms.
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

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We examined contemporary gender differences in symptoms, health status, and quality of life associated with diagnosed OSA and OSA symptoms in a population-based sample. A 2015 postal/on-line questionnaire of 2889 active participants of The North West Adelaide Health Study (response rate = 54%, male n = 704; female n = 856; age 30–100 years) assessed previously diagnosed OSA, OSA symptoms, insomnia, doctor-diagnosed medical conditions, and the SF-36. In weighted analyses, self-reported diagnosed OSA (men: 12.6%, n = 95; women: 3.3%, n = 27) and OSA symptoms (men: 17.1%; women: 9.7%) were more common in men. Diagno...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - Category: Environmental Health Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research
ConclusionsWorking in early morning shifts was found to be associated with poorer health outcomes, while working in rotating and early morning shifts with more severe sleep-related problems.
Source: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
Patients with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) suffer from recurrent obstruction of the upper airway, which causes oxygen desaturation. As a result, they may awaken from sleep, resulting in daytime sleepiness, snoring, and reduced cognitive function. They may also develop symptoms of psychological distress, such as depression and anxiety. Continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) is the most effective treatment for severe OSA, but mandibular advancement devices (MADs) are often selected for the treatment of mild to moderate OSA and for patients who do not tolerate CPAP therapy.
Source: Dental Abstracts - Category: Dentistry Tags: Inquiry Source Type: research
Follow me on Twitter @RobShmerling Ever wonder what other people are wondering about? I know I do. So, here are the top 10 health searches in Google for 2017. And just so you don’t have to look each one up, I’ve provided a brief answer. You’re welcome. 1.  What causes hiccups? I was surprised this one made it to the top 10 list of health searches. Maybe this search is common because hiccups are as mysterious as they are universal. I’ve written about hiccups before, but let’s just say the cause in any individual person is rarely known or knowable. Then again, the reason hiccups stop is als...
Source: Harvard Health Blog - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Health Source Type: blogs
ConclusionsThis study found that individuals with suspected OSA experienced more severe psychiatric symptoms than NCs and that psychiatric symptoms were more severe in the SS group than in the OSA group. The psychiatric symptoms of suspected OSA patients were associated with subjective sleep quality rather than with the apnea-hypopnea index. Objective Patients with sleep-related breathing disorders are known to have more severe psychiatric symptoms than good sleepers. The aim of this study was to compare the psychiatric symptoms of participants with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), those with simple snoring (SS), and nor...
Source: Psychosomatic Medicine - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research
Introduction: Sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) in women is probably under-diagnosed. It is also unclear whether clinical conditions associated with SDB differ by gender or by hormonal status in women.Aims and objectives: To assess the prevalence of SDB and associated comorbidities in pre- and post-menopausal women (pre-M, post-M) compared with men.Methods: The subjects of the population-based HypnoLaus Sleep Cohort underwent polysomnography in their home environment and had extensive phenotyping for diabetes, hypertension, metabolic syndrome and depression.Results: 2121 subjects (age 40–85 [59±11]yo), BMI 25.6...
Source: European Respiratory Journal - Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Tags: Epidemiology Source Type: research
Introduction: Obstructive Sleep Apnea (OSA) is a prevalent disease. A Brazilian study estimated the prevalence of OSA in the adult population in 32.8%. The most frequent signs and symptoms of OSA are snoring, apnea, excessive sleepiness, nocturia, cognitive impairment, depressive  symptoms, difficulty concentrating, sexual impotence and morning headache. Birth cohort studies bring the possibility of conducting research with a temporal window that begins at birth and extends to the present, representing an opportunity that may help us to understand the mechanisms that lead to OSA.
Source: Sleep Medicine - Category: Sleep Medicine Authors: Tags: Sleep Breathing Disorders Source Type: research
Conclusions:Depressive symptoms and night eating are key factors related to insomnia developed during pregnancy.Citation:Wołyńczyk-Gmaj D, Różańska-Walędziak A, Ziemka S, Ufnal M, Brzezicka A, Gmaj B, Januszko P, Fudalej S, Czajkowski K, Wojnar M. Insomnia in pregnancy is associated with depressive symptoms and eating at night.J Clin Sleep Med. 2017;13(10):1171–1176.
Source: Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine : JCSM - Category: Sleep Medicine Source Type: research
Summary Seasonal affective disorder (SAD) is a recurrent depressive disorder with a seasonal pattern. In addition to some specific symptoms such as sad mood, low energy or carbohydrate craving, this mood disorder is also characterized by the presence of sleeping problems and alcohol disorders. Interestingly, there is a strong link between alcohol use and sleeping deficits. Although previous studies have focused extensively on the sleep patterns in SAD patients and patients with alcohol use disorder (AUD), no research has yet been conducted on subjects with comorbid SAD and AUD. The aim of this study was to examine the diff...
Source: Journal of Sleep Research - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: Regular Research Paper Source Type: research
Conclusion This relatively large cross-sectional analysis has found a link between certain measures of breathing problems during sleep and poorer cognitive function in middle-aged to older adults. The strengths of this study include its size and use of a prospective sleep study to assess whether people had sleep apnoea or other problems with breathing during sleep. The use of standard cognitive tests is also a strength. However, the study does have its limitations: The study did have mixed findings – while certain measures of problems with breathing during sleep (e.g. oxygen levels) were associated with cognitive o...
Source: NHS News Feed - Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Neurology Lifestyle/exercise Source Type: news
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