Oil-based Infertility Test Produces Higher Pregnancy Rate Than Water-Based Test

Source: Healthy Living - The Huffington Post - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

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Conclusion The periconceptional environment and lifestyle factors modify sperm epigenome. This alteration might be maintained in the zygote and throughout development, thereby leading to the inheritance of newly acquired pathologies. The role of sperm miRNA, not only as innovative markers of fertility issues but also as vectors involved in the inheritance of paternal diseases, appears to be crucial. Overweight and obesity seem to alter sperm miRNA profile, thereby leading to transmission of different miRNA profiles in zygote, with consequences on embryo development. In long term, metabolic disorders have been described in...
Source: Frontiers in Genetics - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Source Type: research
In this study, a link between mitochondrial changes and infant temperament has also been suggested. Maternal psychosocial stress and lifetime trauma have been associated with decreased mitochondrial DNA copy number in the placenta (115, 116).IndividualityChronic stress links changes in the epigenetic landscape with health conditions (117). Different cell types are characterized by distinct patterns of gene expression due to developmental, environmental, physiological, and pathological reasons (117). Epigenetic mechanisms affect gene function in a dynamic way as a result of different environmental exposures during fetal dev...
Source: Frontiers in Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
Authors: Lopes LS, Esteves SC Abstract In recent years, growing evidence has challenged the notion that sperm quantity and quality are not essential for the success of assisted reproductive technology. DNA fragmentation assessments on ejaculated and testicular sperm harvested from non-azoospermic infertile men have reported a remarkable decrease in DNA damage in spermatozoa directly retrieved from the seminiferous tubules. Moreover, emerging evidence using molecular genetic techniques indicates that aneuploidy rates are lower in testicular sperm than in ejaculated counterparts. The use of testicular sperm from non-...
Source: Panminerva Medica - Category: General Medicine Tags: Panminerva Med Source Type: research
Authors: Cho CL, Esteves SC, Agarwal A Abstract Varicoceles exert deleterious effect on testicular function. The condition has been associated with male infertility, testicular hypotrophy and pain. These comprises the common indications for varicocele repair currently. Significant improvement in semen parameters and pregnancy outcomes had been suggested by reports decades ago. However, selection of the best candidates remains an issue since not all patients respond positively to treatment. Consensus has been reached in recent decade after the publication of a series of meta-analyses. Significant improvement in preg...
Source: Panminerva Medica - Category: General Medicine Tags: Panminerva Med Source Type: research
Authors: Majzoub A, Agarwal A, Esteves SC Abstract Sperm DNA fragmentation (SDF) is an advanced test of sperm function that is utilized during male fertility evaluation. Recently, a guideline was published highlighting the detrimental impact of SDF on sperm function identifying practice-based clinical indications for SDF testing. This review illustrates the commonly utilized SDF measurement techniques and explores the current evidence behind their utility in clinical practice. Patients diagnosed with varicocele, unexplained infertility, recurrent pregnancy loss, recurrent failure of assisted reproductive techniques...
Source: Panminerva Medica - Category: General Medicine Tags: Panminerva Med Source Type: research
In this study, vaginal microbiome was divided in five biotypes, being four of them dominated by lactobacilli and considered as healthy (pH 5.0) and higher diversity. In a healthy status, microbiota is balanced and forms a stable ecological unit dominated by Lactobacillus species, which fixes pH below 5.0 and controls non-desirable groups. In a pathogenic process, the microbiome shifts to a dysbiotic state, in which lactobacilli drop, pH is increased to values above 4.5 and other groups such as Gardnerella, Atopobium, Prevotella, and Streptococcus, among others, can overgrow (Srinivasan et al., 2012). Short chain fatty acid...
Source: Frontiers in cellular and infection microbiology - Category: Microbiology Source Type: research
Michael Grynberg1,2,3,4* and Julie Labrosse2 1AP-HP, Department of Reproductive Medicine &Fertility Preservation, Hôpital Antoine Béclère, Clamart, France 2AP-HP, Department of Reproductive Medicine &Fertility Preservation, Hôpital Jean Verdier, Bondy, France 3INSERM U1185, University Paris-Sud, Le Kremlin-Bicêtre, France 4INSERM U1133, University Paris Diderot, Paris, France The management of low prognosis patients in ART represents a challenge for reproductive specialists. Different profiles and biologic characteristics have been identified among these patients. Indeed...
Source: Frontiers in Endocrinology - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
Silvina Beatriz Meroni, María Noel Galardo, Gustavo Rindone, Agostina Gorga, María Fernanda Riera and Selva Beatriz Cigorraga* Centro de Investigaciones Endocrinológicas “Dr César Bergadá” CONICET-FEI-División de Endocrinología Hospital de Niños Ricardo Gutiérrez, Buenos Aires, Argentina Sertoli cells are somatic cells present in seminiferous tubules which have essential roles in regulating spermatogenesis. Considering that each Sertoli cell is able to support a limited number of germ cells, the final number of Sertoli cells reached during...
Source: Frontiers in Endocrinology - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: At present, there is no high-quality evidence to support the routine use of hysteroscopy as a screening tool in the general population of subfertile women with a normal ultrasound or hysterosalpingogram in the basic fertility work-up for improving reproductive success rates.In women undergoing IVF, low-quality evidence, including all of the studies reporting these outcomes, suggests that performing a screening hysteroscopy before IVF may increase live birth and clinical pregnancy rates. However, pooled results from the only two trials with a low risk of bias did not show a benefit of screening hysteroscopy bef...
Source: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews - Category: General Medicine Authors: Tags: Cochrane Database Syst Rev Source Type: research
Authors: Suliga E, Głuszek S Abstract Research conducted in recent years provides more and more evidence that diet can have a significant impact on male fertility. The aim of the study was to analyze the relationship between diet, energy balance and fertility in men. A comprehensive literature search of published studies in various languages, was carried out in electronic databases. The direct analysis included 96 works published between 2008 and 2018, including 12 randomized controlled trials and 23 systematic reviews and meta-analyses. A strong adherence to a healthy dietary pattern is positively correlated with...
Source: International Journal for Vitamin and Nutrition Research - Category: Nutrition Tags: Int J Vitam Nutr Res Source Type: research
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