Sagittal Plane Kinematics of the Jaw and Hyolingual Apparatus During Swallowing in Macaca mulatta
AbstractStudies of mechanisms of feeding behavior are important in a society where aging- and disease-related feeding disorders are increasingly prevalent. It is important to evaluate the clinical relevance of animal models of the disease and the control. Our present study quantifies macaque hyolingual and jaw kinematics around swallowing cycles to determine the extent to which macaque swallowing resembles that of humans. One female and one male adultMacaca mulatta were trained to feed in a primate chair. Videofluoroscopy was used to record kinematics in a sagittal view during natural feeding on solid food, and the kinematics of the hyoid bone, thyroid cartilage, mandibular jaw, and anterior-, middle-, and posterior-tongue. Jaw gape cycles were defined by consecutive maximum gapes, and the kinematics of the swallow cycles were compared with those of the two consecutive non-swallow cycles preceding and succeeding the swallow cycles. Although there are size differences between macaques and humans, and macaques have shorter durations of jaw gape cycles and hyoid and thyroid upward movements, there are several important similarities between our macaque data and human data reported in the literature: (1) The durations of jaw gape cycles during swallow cycles are longer than those of non-swallow cycles as a result of an increased duration of the jaw-opening phase; (2) Hyoid and thyroid upward movement is linked with a posterior tongue movement and is faster during swallow than non-...
Norwegian Refugee Council, Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre. 12/2017 This 56-page document, the second report on internal displacement in Africa, highlights the severity of the continent's continuing displacement crisis. It details new displacement associated with conflict and disasters in 2016, and provides new and compelling evidence for action. It calls for a new approach to displacement that addresses its causes and longer-term implications, as well as its immediate humanitarian consequences. (PDF)
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. 04/10/2017 This Web page discusses the extent of antibiotic-resistant bacteria in the United States, and details how the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention is working to address the threat in four areas. It provides links to related pages and documents from the federal government. (Text)
Has anyone heard from South College
i would like to create an AFK 2018 study group to help each other out,anyone interested?
I apologize if I come across as whiny but this has been bothering me and I just wanted some input. I have a couple friends and a friend of a friend who have interviews at two particular schools that I also applied to. My dilemma is that I objectively have a better application then all of them, yet I still don't have interviews at these schools. I have a much better MCAT (up to>10 points better), research with a publication and a poster (they don't have any research), WAY more leadership,... How much bearing does a parent being an alumni hold?
Hi, I think I want to try to become a brain scientist, but I'm trained in pretty much an unrelated field--teaching, and I'm in a lot of debt. What should I do if I seriously want to pursue this and change careers?
I studied Engineering (Operations Research) in undergraduate and have been working at a corporate firm for 2.5 years. I am looking to attend medical school and have done some research on options for non-trad applicants like me. It looks like you can either take pre-req courses at a state school or attend a formal post-bacc program. Among the post-bacc programs, there are ones with linkages as well. I am personally interested in doing the post-bacc program. I know it's costly and the... Chances for Top Post-Bacc Programs
Why aren't they more widely used? For non-controlled maintenance meds they would solve so many problems. Think about it, you essentially get unlimited refills for a year. No more "but I'm out of pills and my appointment is next week" Some girl loses a birth control packet and is willing to pay out of pocket for an emergency supply. Why not? Etc etc
Does anyone have any experience or sources/interviews of Physicians that work in the CIA? The CIA website here Physician — Central Intelligence Agency doesn't really offer much in detail about the duties and job description. There was an old thread here Cia back in 2007 that asked the same question and there wasn't much... What exactly do Physicians in the CIA do?
Hey! I didn't see this thread already created so I thought I would. Any Tufts hopefuls?? This is my second time applying and got a really good feeling from Tufts. Wishing everyone the best of luck!