Reference values for some clinical, hematobiochemical and electrocardiographic parameters in miniature donkeys: the effect of sex, age and season

AbstractIn the current study, we aimed to establish reference values for the most important clinical, hematobiochemical and electrocardiographic (ECG) parameters and evaluate the effect of sex, age and season in miniature donkey. We hypothesized that these parameters in this valuable breed of donkey would be different from those of other species of equidae. Twenty apparently healthy miniature donkeys aged 1 –8 years and weighing averagely 115 ± 10 kg, with an average height of 0.83 ± 0.3 m, were used in this study. Based on sex, age and season of sampling, the animals were divided into groups. Animals less than 2 years old, between 2 and 5 years old and those over 5 years of age were cons idered foal, young and adult, respectively. The ECG was attached as a bipolar base-apex lead and indices measured and analyzed were P, QRS and T wave amplitude and duration and duration of PR, QT and RR intervals. Red blood cell (RBC), white blood cell (WBC) and WBC differential counts were performe d using a hemacytometer. Sera were collected for measurement of sodium (Na+), potassium (K+), chloride (Cl−), calcium (Ca2+), magnesium (Mg2+) and phosphorus (P−) concentrations. Heart rate (HR), PR and RR intervals were different from reference ranges. Male and female animals showed no significant differences in clinical, hematobiochemical and ECG parameters except in serum concentrations of Ca2+ and Mg2+(P 
Source: Comparative Clinical Pathology - Category: Pathology Source Type: research

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This study evaluated sleep duration, timing, and variability as prospective predictors of parasympathetic nervous system activity during rest and social stress in adolescents with bipolar disorder, reflecting sleep-related interference in stress regulatory systems that may confer vulnerability to mood episodes. Method Participants were adolescents with bipolar disorder (n = 22) and healthy adolescents (n = 27). Sleep duration and timing were measured by actigraphy for 1 week before a laboratory social stress task, during which high-frequency heart rate variability (HF-HRV) was indexed using electrocardiography. Multilev...
Source: Psychosomatic Medicine - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLES Source Type: research
ConclusionsThe algorithm significantly reduced the common-mode interference from ECG artifacts, stimulation artifacts, and evoked EMG interference, while retaining neural signals, in two animal models and two recording setups. This approach can be used in a variety of different neurophysiological setups to remove common-mode interference from a variety of sources.
Source: Journal of Neuroscience Methods - Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research
Conclusion: Consecutive recording of six single-lead ECGs including Einthoven and Wilson-like leads by a smartwatch is feasible with good ECG signal quality. Thus, this simulated six-lead smartwatch ECG may be useable for the detection of cardiac diseases necessitating more than one ECG lead like myocardial ischemia or more complex cardia arrhythmias.
Source: Sensors - Category: Biotechnology Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research
In this study, Laplacian estimates for traditional bipolar configuration (BC), two tripolar configurations with linearly decreasing and increasing inter-ring distances (TCLDIRD and TCLIIRD, respectively), and quadripolar configuration (QC) were obtained from cardiac recordings with pentapolar CREs placed at CMV1 and CMV2 positions. Normalized P-wave amplitude (NAP) was computed to assess the contrast to study atrial activity. Signals were of good quality (20–30 dB). Atrial activity was more emphasized at CMV1 (NAP ≃ 0.19–0.24) compared to CMV2 (NAP ≃ 0.08–0.10). Enhanced spatial resolution...
Source: Sensors - Category: Biotechnology Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research
Conclusion: Recording of Einthoven leads I-III by a smartwatch is accurate and highly comparable to standard ECG. This might contribute to an earlier detection of cardiac disorders, which are associated with repolarization abnormalities or arrhythmias.
Source: Sensors - Category: Biotechnology Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research
Conclusions: Overall, patients showed good adherence to the intervention protocol despite at least moderate depression severity. However, the dropout rate suggests that depressed inpatients may need special support to adhere to a structured exercise intervention program. This study will add evidence on the effects of AE as an add-on to inpatient treatment of moderate to severe depression. Besides antidepressant effects, potentially beneficial effects of AE on a broad array of further variables associated with depression will be evaluated.Clinical Trial Registration:www.ClinicalTrials.gov, identifier NCT02679053.Introductio...
Source: Frontiers in Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
In conclusion, our results suggest that a 12-week structured exercise intervention improves physical fitness regardless of the training program in sedentary middle-aged adults. Despite slightly greater improvements in some physical fitness variables, the changes observed in the WB-EMS group were not superior to the other exercise programs. Introduction Cardiorespiratory fitness (VO2max) and muscular strength have been positioned as two independent powerful health markers (Amaro Gahete et al., 2017a). Epidemiological studies have indicated an inverse association of VO2max with coronary heart disease, cardiovascular ...
Source: Frontiers in Physiology - Category: Physiology Source Type: research
Grand Total EEG Score Can Differentiate Parkinson's Disease From Parkinson-Related Disorders Ela Austria Barcelon1,2*, Takahiko Mukaino1, Jun Yokoyama1, Taira Uehara2, Katsuya Ogata2, Jun-ichi Kira1 and Shozo Tobimatsu2 1Department of Neurology, Neurological Institute, Graduate School of Medical Sciences, Kyushu University, Fukuoka, Japan2Department of Clinical Neurophysiology, Neurological Institute, Graduate School of Medical Sciences, Kyushu University, Fukuoka, Japan Background: Semi-quantitative electroencephalogram (EEG) analysis is easy to perform and has been used to differentiate dementias, as well ...
Source: Frontiers in Neurology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
Conclusion: The present study revealed that VO2max and the sum of skinfolds were moderately related to depression scores, while VO2max was the only independent predictor of depression scores in female workers. Introduction Depression is a multifactorial disease that affects 322 million people worldwide (1). Between 2005 and 2015, there was an increase of more than 18% in the number of cases (1). The global prevalence is 4.4%, however, women suffer more from the disease, with 5.1% compared to 3.1% of men (1). In Brazil, depression affects 7.6% of the population, which represents about 11.2 million people, with a preva...
Source: Frontiers in Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
AbstractSeveral studies have reported the adverse effects of right ventricular apical pacing. Permanent His bundle pacing is proved to be the most physiological. But it can be technically difficult sometimes. One recent large multicenter randomized trial showed that pacing from left ventricular apex or mid-lateral wall has the greatest potential to prevent pacing-induced reduction of cardiac pump function (by maintaining left ventricular mechanical synchrony) and, therefore, can be considered as physiological site. In our study, we have wanted to see the outcome of left ventricular pacing through coronary sinus branch with...
Source: Heart and Vessels - Category: Cardiology Source Type: research
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