Vegetarian diet could cut obesity risk

Strongest vegetarian diet results in 43% smaller risk of obesity Related items fromOnMedica Mediterranean diet reduces brain shrinkage in elderly Sponsorship and ad bans needed to tackle child obesity Gluten-free diet not recommended for people without coeliac disease Study casts doubts on alternate-day fasting diet Obesity may skew results of rheumatoid arthritis blood tests in women
Source: OnMedica Latest News - Category: UK Health Source Type: news

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Publication date: Available online 21 July 2018Source: Journal of Molecular BiologyAuthor(s): Michela Miani, Bernat Elvira, Esteban N. GurzovAbstractDiabetes is a metabolic disorder affecting more than 400 million individuals and their families worldwide. The major forms of diabetes (type 1 and 2) are characterized by pancreatic β-cell dysfunction and, in some cases, loss of β-cell mass causing hyperglycemia due to absolute or relative insulin deficiency. The BCL-2 homology 3 (BH3)-only protein BIM has a wide role in apoptosis induction in cells. In this review, we describe the apoptotic mechanisms mediated by BI...
Source: Journal of Molecular Biology - Category: Molecular Biology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 21 July 2018Source: Journal of Science and Medicine in SportAuthor(s): Samantha M. McDonald, Jihong Liu, Sara Wilcox, Xuemei Sui, Russell R. PateAbstractObjectivesMaternal body mass index (BMI) is a significant determinant of infant macrosomia. Given the strong metabolic effects of physical activity (PA), independent of body mass, it is unclear as to whether maternal PA may affect the risk of delivering a macrosomic infant. Thus, the purpose of this study was to determine if maternal PA moderates the relationship between maternal BMI and infant macrosomia.DesignCross-sectional study using...
Source: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport - Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 21 July 2018Source: Social Science &MedicineAuthor(s): Alexandra RodneyAbstractIn this paper, I investigate the contribution of healthy living blogs to discourse about healthy eating, seeking to understand how blogs compare to mass-media magazine sources. This is done by comparatively analysing 459 healthy living blog posts and 141 health and fitness magazine articles. These were collected between 2011 and 2013 and provide rich data about what food content looks like in media designed for an audience of American women. I analyze how each source establishes the purpose of healthy eatin...
Source: Social Science and Medicine - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 21 July 2018Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular DiseasesAuthor(s): X. Liu, D. Zhang, Y. Liu, X. Sun, Y. Hou, B. Wang, Y. Ren, Y. Zhao, C. Han, C. Cheng, F. Liu, Y. Shi, X. Chen, L. Liu, G. Chen, S. Hong, M. Zhang, D. HuAbstractBackground and aimMany studies have shown increased risk of stroke with greater adiposity as measured by body mass index (BMI), but questions remain about the shape of the dose–response relation. We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis of prospective studies to clarify the strength and shape of the dose–response relation between B...
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases - Category: Nutrition Source Type: research
Abstract AIMS: The sodium-glucose cotransporter (SGLT) 2 inhibitor, ipragliflozin, improves not only hyperglycemia but also obesity in type 2 diabetic animals and patients; however, there have been concerns that it may also cause an increase in compensatory food intake. Appetite is regulated by complex mechanisms involving the central nervous system, part of which involves appetite-related hormones and arteriovenous differences in postprandial glucose levels. We evaluated the effect of ipragliflozin in type 2 diabetic rats on food intake, appetite-related hormones and arteriovenous differences in postprandial gluc...
Source: Biomedicine and pharmacotherapy = Biomedecine and pharmacotherapie - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: Tags: Biomed Pharmacother Source Type: research
Abstract The effect of glucosamine and vitamin E against rheumatoid arthritis (RA) in a neonatal rat model was investigated. Lipid peroxidation, superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase, reduced glutathione (GSH), glutathione peroxidase (Gpx), matrix metalloproteinase-3 (MMP-3), prostaglandin E2 (PGE2), ceruloplasmin, copper, zinc, nitric oxide (NO), uric acid, inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS), and nuclear factor-kappaB (NF-κB) levels were determined in control and rheumatoid arthritis neonatal rats. Glucosamine plus vitamin E supplementation reduced the MDA level by 61.9% and increased the SOD, catalase, ...
Source: Biomedicine and pharmacotherapy = Biomedecine and pharmacotherapie - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: Tags: Biomed Pharmacother Source Type: research
Publication date: 15 October 2018Source: Molecular and Cellular Endocrinology, Volume 474Author(s): Daisuke Aibara, Kimihiko Matsusue, Soichi Takiguchi, Frank J. Gonzalez, Shigeru YamanoAbstractFat-specific protein 27 (FSP27) is highly expressed in the fatty liver of genetically obese ob/ob mice and promotes hepatic triglyceride (TG) accumulation. The nuclear hormone receptor liver X receptor α (LXRα) also plays a critical role in the control of TG levels in the liver. The present study demonstrated transcriptional regulation of Fsp27a and Fsp27b genes by LXRα. Treatment with the LXR ligand T0901317 marke...
Source: Molecular and Cellular Endocrinology - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
Publication date: 15 October 2018Source: Molecular and Cellular Endocrinology, Volume 474Author(s): Zaida Moreno-Villegas, Antonio Martín-Duce, César Aparicio, Sergio Portal-Núñez, Raúl Sanz, Samuel A. Mantey, Robert T. Jensen, Oscar Lorenzo, Jesús Egido, Nieves GonzálezAbstractBRS-3 has an important role in glucose homeostasis. Its expression was reduced in skeletal muscle from obese and/or diabetic patients, and BRS-3 KO-mice developed obesity. In this work, focused on rat/human adipose tissue, BRS-3 gene-expression was lower than normal-levels in hyperlipidemic, type-2-di...
Source: Molecular and Cellular Endocrinology - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
Unresponsiveness to Hepatitis B virus (HBV) vaccine has been associated with interleukins involved with Th1 functioning including Interleukin-8 (IL-18) and Interferon- γ (IFN-γ). IL-18 and IFN-γ have also been implicated in the onset of different types of immune-mediate inflammatory conditions such as Type 1 Diabetes (T1D), Celiac disease (CD), rheumatoid arthritis (RA), obesity and systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). Taking into account that HBV vaccination is provided in the 1st year of life worldwide, I propose that all babies should be tested for anti-HBs response after completion of the vaccine series.
Source: Medical Hypotheses - Category: Biomedical Science Authors: Source Type: research
Director chair, film slate and load horn. Here’s a proposal for you: If, by following the Wheat Belly lifestyle, a long list of conditions are reduced or reversed at no risk, almost no cost, reversing even chronic and potentially fatal conditions . . . does that mean that the notion of self-directed health might be on the horizon, i.e., putting control over health back in our own hands? I think it does. No, we will never implant our own defibrillators or take out our own gallbladders. But so many chronic health conditions afflicting modern humans recede that I believe that it is entirely reasonable to start talking a...
Source: Wheat Belly Blog - Category: Cardiology Authors: Tags: Wheat Belly Lifestyle arthritis autoimmune diabetes eating disorder gluten grains Inflammation joint Weight Loss Source Type: blogs
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