Circulating microRNA as a marker for predicting liver disease progression in patients with chronic hepatitis B

CONCLUSIONS: We demonstrated the differential expression of miRNA-935, miRNA-342, miRNA-339, miRNA-4508, miRNA-3615, miRNA-3200, miRNA-182, and miRNA-4485 between patients with HBV without cirrhosis/HCC and those who had progressed to these more severe conditions. These miRNAs may serve as novel and non-invasive prognostic markers for early detection of CHB-infected patients who are at risk of progression to cirrhosis and/or HCC.
Source: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical - Category: Tropical Medicine Source Type: research

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Abstract The human microbiota is a variety of different microorganisms. The composition of microbiota varies from host to host, and it changes during the lifetime. It is known that microbiome may be changed because of a diet, bacteriophages and different processes for example, such as inflammation. Like all other areas of medicine, there is a continuous growth in the area of microbiology. Different microbes can reside in all sites of a human body, even in locations that were previously considered as sterile; for example, liver, pancreas, brain and adipose tissue. Presently one of the etiological factors for liver ...
Source: Medicina (Kaunas) - Category: Universities & Medical Training Authors: Tags: Medicina (Kaunas) Source Type: research
Authors: Mustika S, Wijaya H, Pratomo B Abstract BACKGROUND: increased serum alpha fetoprotein (AFP) levels are often found in patients with advanced hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Cluster Differentiation 44 (CD44) and CD90 are stem cell biomarkers that have been assumed as the early HCC markers and associated with onset and progressivity of HCC. The study related to HCC stem cell has not been available in Indonesia. The present study aimed to evaluate the expression of cancer stem cell markers (CD44, CD90) and AFP levels in patients with advanced liver disease. METHODS: an observational study was conducted in...
Source: Acta medica Indonesiana - Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Acta Med Indones Source Type: research
Background: Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) represents the most common form of chronic liver disease in mono-infected (without concomitant hepatitis B and/or C virus infection) people living with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). The proper and on time identification of at-risk HIV-positive indivi duals would be relevant in order to reduce the rate of progression from NAFLD into non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH), cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma.Objectives: The aim of this study was to explore visceral fat thickness (VFT) and anthropometric measurements associated with the development of NAFL...
Source: Southern African Journal of HIV Medicine - Category: African Health Authors: Source Type: research
Abstract Some APOBEC3 family members have antiviral activity against retroviruses and DNA viruses. Hepatitis B virus (HBV) is a DNA virus that is the major causative factor of severe liver diseases such as cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma. To determine whether APOBEC3 variants in humans have different anti-HBV activities, we evaluated natural variants of APOBEC3C, APOBEC3G, and APOBEC3H using an HBV-replicating cell culture model. Our data demonstrate that the APOBEC3C variant S188I had increased restriction activity and hypermutation frequency against HBV DNA. In contrast, the APOBEC3G variant H186R did not...
Source: Biochemical and Biophysical Research communications - Category: Biochemistry Authors: Tags: Biochem Biophys Res Commun Source Type: research
Conclusion: In conclusion, liver cirrhosis is the major cause of ascites in Gondar, Ethiopia, while chronic viral hepatitis infections (hepatitis B (HBV) and C (HCV) viruses) are the main causes of liver cirrhosis. The other major causes included heart failure, tuberculosis, and hepatosplenic schistosomiasis. It is wise to consider and give priority to these diseases whenever one is evaluating a patient with ascites. PMID: 31360695 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Canadian Journal of Gastroenterology - Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Can J Gastroenterol Hepatol Source Type: research
This is so far the first meta ‐analysis about TM6SF2 polymorphisms and chronic liver disease. Our pooled analyses suggested that rs58542926 polymorphism was significantly associated with chronic liver disease in both Asians and Caucasians. Future investigations are warranted to explore potential roles of other TM6SF2 polymorph isms in the development of chronic liver disease. AbstractBackgroundSome genetic association studies tried to investigate potential associations of transmembrane 6 superfamily member 2 (TM6SF2) polymorphisms with chronic liver disease. However, the results of these studies were not consistent. Thus...
Source: Molecular Genetics & Genomic Medicine - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Authors: Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research
ConclusionPre-transplant performance status is one of the predictors of mortality after LDLT.
Source: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hepatology - Category: Gastroenterology Source Type: research
Fatty liver prevalence is increasing and becoming a global health burden. Chronic hepatitis B infection (CHB) is one of the most common chronic viral infections. Steatosis in CHB patients increases risk of cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma. Data from studies on the interaction between CHB and nonalcoholic fatty liver disease are not conclusive. Liver biopsy is the gold standard for diagnosis of fatty liver; however, noninvasive diagnostic tests have been developed to diagnose and predict fibrosis in CHB/NAFLD. Treatment guidelines are not clear.
Source: Clinics in Liver Disease - Category: Gastroenterology Authors: Source Type: research
The prevalence of chronic hepatitis B (CHB) differs globally. CHB is responsible for 30% of all deaths from cirrhosis and 40% from hepatocellular carcinoma. The WHO developed guidelines in 2015 on prevention, care, and treatment of chronic HBV infection targeted to program managers in all health care settings, particularly in low- and middle-income countries. Several of the recommendations differ from those of the major Liver Societies, including the American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases (AASLD). This review highlights key differences between the AASLD and WHO guidelines and discusses the impact on management of CHB.
Source: Clinics in Liver Disease - Category: Gastroenterology Authors: Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: A thorough epidemiological investigation of the two first generations of this family, the study of their spouses and children, and the twenty years of follow up provided a strong presumption that the infection with HCV had occurred within this family through the promiscuous use of the same inadequately sterilized glass syringe for intramuscular therapies, as was a common practice during the fifties and sixties worldwide and still is in some part of the world. PMID: 31241295 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Central European Journal of Public Health - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Cent Eur J Public Health Source Type: research
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