The Yield of Abdominal Ultrasound in the Evaluation of Elevated Liver Enzymes during the Second and the Third Trimester of Pregnancy

Conclusion: Abdominal ultrasound examination in this population has a low clinical yield. The decision to perform an abdominal ultrasound must be individualized based on the obstetric history, clinical findings, and the level of liver enzymes.Gynecol Obstet Invest
Source: Gynecologic and Obstetric Investigation - Category: OBGYN Source Type: research

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Publication date: Available online 20 January 2020Source: Trends in Food Science &TechnologyAuthor(s): I.P. Shanura Fernando, BoMi Ryu, Ginnae Ahn, In-Kyu Yeo, You-Jin JeonAbstractBackgroundMetabolic syndrome (MS) defines a group of severe comorbidities, including insulin resistance, abnormal fat accumulation, and high blood pressure that lead to obesity, diabetes, and heart diseases. MS has received a growing concern due to its rising prevalence in many countries. The consumption of high-calorie food, sedentary lifestyle habits, genetic factors, and stress conditions aggravate risk factors for developing metabolic syn...
Source: Trends in Food Science and Technology - Category: Food Science Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 20 January 2020Source: Trends in Food Science &TechnologyAuthor(s): Saikat Sen, Raja Chakraborty, Pratap KalitaAbstractBackgroundRice (Oryza sativa L.) is the most popular staple food grain and an important source of fibre, energy, minerals, vitamins, and other biomolecules. Rice parts exhibited a number of health beneficial effect in pre-clinical/clinical studies. Rice constituents are getting popularity in preparation of pharmaceutical adjuvant, food additives and supplements.Scope &approachIn this paper, we summarized the available literature on health-promoting and therapeutic...
Source: Trends in Food Science and Technology - Category: Food Science Source Type: research
This study evaluated the effect of vacuum operation parameters on the recovery of protein and antioxidant compounds from sesame bran. In this context, vacuum-ultrasound assisted extraction (VU) and vacuum-ultrasound assisted enzymatic extraction (VUE) methods were carried out, and the vacuum parameters were investigated using central composite design by response surface methodology (RSM). The independent parameters were found effective on protein yield, total phenolic content and antioxidant capacity values. Optimum conditions for VU were 21 min vacuum time, 72 min restoration time and 539 mmHg vacuum ...
Source: Journal of Food Composition and Analysis - Category: Food Science Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 21 January 2020Source: Food ChemistryAuthor(s): Congcong Sun, Xuefeng Wu, Xiaoju Chen, Xingjiang Li, Zhi Zheng, Suwei JiangAbstractOkara dietary fiber was prepared by liquid fermentation with Monascus anka (M. anka). Infrared spectra results indicated that there were more oligosaccharides because of the hydrogen bond cleavage of the polysaccharides in okara Monascus dietary fiber (OMDF). Scanning electron microscopy and X-ray analyses showed that the structures of OMDF were altered as compared to that of the control. The UV-visible spectrum of the M. anka seed broth (MSB) contained three ...
Source: Food Chemistry - Category: Food Science Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 21 January 2020Source: Food ChemistryAuthor(s): A. Mohamed Anis, Yadahally N. SreeramaAbstractProtein glycation plays a vital role in the progression of various diabetes complications. Therefore, inhibition of protein glycation could be a key strategy to prevent these diabetic abnormalities. Evaluation of phenolic compositions and their antiglycation activity revealed that p-coumaric and chlorogenic acids were major phenolic acids in barnyard millet. These phenolics exhibited multiple antioxidant activities in various mechanisms and protected the oxidative DNA damage and hydroxyl radical-...
Source: Food Chemistry - Category: Food Science Source Type: research
Conclusion: MMP-3 rs35068180 polymorphism may modulate RPL risk in Iranian women. There is no evidence to suggest that MMP-2 (rs243865, rs2285053) and MMP 9 (rs3918242, rs17576) polymorphisms are associated with RPL risk. PMID: 31955640 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Fetal and Pediatric Pathology - Category: Pathology Tags: Fetal Pediatr Pathol Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 20 January 2020Source: Methods in MicrobiologyAuthor(s): Maria M. Plummer, Charles S. PaviaAbstractImmunoassay detection of specific antigens and host-produced antibodies directed against such antigens constitute two of the most widely used and successful methods for diagnosing infectious diseases and many of the non-infectious autoimmune disorders. We will be reviewing some of the epidemiology, microbiology, and clinical aspects of selected organisms and discuss their diagnosis by describing some of the major antigen detection systems and serologic techniques available to health care pro...
Source: Methods in Microbiology - Category: Microbiology Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: The clinical polymorphism effectiveness outlined therein will be assured by diagnostic improvements suitable for driving treatment decisions. In light of our experimental results and literature data, the analysis of the SLCO1B1 T521C variant will allow clinicians to take advantage from a better treatment planned for their patients in order to minimize neuromuscular pain and maximize benefits. PMID: 31957862 [PubMed - in process]
Source: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Tags: Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: CircRNA 010567 siRNA can improve the cardiac function, alleviate the MF, and inhibit the myocardial apoptosis, thereby further suppressing MI-induced MF, whose mechanism may be related to the inhibition on the TGF-β1 signaling pathway. PMID: 31957851 [PubMed - in process]
Source: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Tags: Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: CD36 can mediate cell apoptosis by inhibiting the expression of the related proteins in nodal Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway, and is expected to become a potential therapeutic target for clinical treatment of patients with diabetic nephropathy. PMID: 31957842 [PubMed - in process]
Source: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Tags: Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci Source Type: research
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