Every member of the kingdom Animalia is a potential vector of human pathogens
Publication date: August 2017 Source:Microbial Pathogenesis, Volume 109 Author(s): Seema Patel Zoonotic diseases are a subset of infectious diseases, which account for enormous morbidity and mortality. Pathologies like malaria, rabies, Lyme disease, leptospirosis, avian flu etc. are microbe- and parasite-caused ailments, where the etiological agents are introduced into or on the human body via ticks, mosquitoes, birds, rodents, bats, and deer, among other members of kingdom Animalia. While some of the zoonotic diseases are well-investigated and caution taken against, a lot many are yet to be recognized. This ignorance costs health, and lives, especially in developing countries. To promote awareness regarding the risks of immunogenicity and pathogen dissemination by hitherto unknown non-plant organisms, the members of kingdom Animalia, this letter has been compiled. The vector exploitation mechanisms of the pathogens, and in silico evidences of conserved protein domains across the potential pathogen reservoirs have been mentioned to underline the importance of this topic.
This paper highlights advances in medical care and progress in preparedness and countermeasures since the 1918 influenza pandemic. What remains to be done to improve readiness for the next pandemic?American Journal of Public Health
(University of California - Berkeley) Today's birds descend from a small number of bird species living before the dinosaur extinction. Some of the birds that went extinct, the enantiornithines, were actually more common than and out-competed modern bird ancestors. Analysis of a newly described fossil, the most complete known from the Americas, demonstrates, too, that the enantiornithines were as agile and strong in flight as the ancestors of modern birds. Why, then, did enantiornithines die out and modern birds flourish?
WASHINGTON, D.C. - A disability insurer's conclusion that a claimant suffered from chronic fatigue syndrome, which limited long-term disability benefits to 24 months, and not from symptoms of Lyme disease was not unreasonable based on the medical evidence in the administrative record, a District of Columbia federal judge said Nov. 7 (Wesley Loucka v. Lincoln National Life Insurance Co., No. 17-1375, D. D.C., 2018 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 190935).
Thouraya Boussoffara, Sadok Chelif, Melika Ben Ahmed, Mourad Mokni, Afif Ben Salah, Koussay Dellagi, Hechmi Louzir
The use of insecticides is the cornerstone of effective malaria vector control. However, the last two decades has seen the ubiquitous use of insecticides, predominantly pyrethroids, causing widespread insectic...
Long-lasting insecticidal nets (LLINs) are a key malaria control intervention. To investigate factors associated with ownership and use of LLINs in Uganda, a cross-sectional community survey was conducted in M...
North and South Korea team up to tackle TB and malaria, Published online: 13 November 2018; doi:10.1038/d41586-018-07393-yThe agreement is the first joint public-health initiative since the country’s leaders met for historic talks in September.
Franziska Muscate, Nadine Stetter, Christoph Schramm, Julian Schulze zur Wiesch, Lidia Bosurgi, Thomas Jacobs
Publication date: Available online 11 November 2018Source: Small Ruminant ResearchAuthor(s): Phuti N. Sebatjane, Peter M. Njuho, Ana M. Tsotetsi-KhambuleABSTRACTTo address the problem of prevalence of gastrointestinal parasite infections faced by rural livestock farmers in the Free State Province of South Africa, we model the distribution of faecal egg counts of parasitic helminths in sheep and goats. Excess zeroes in the data results in over-dispersion, which we address by fitting Poisson, negative binomial (NB), zero inflated Poisson (ZIP) and zero inflated negative binomial (ZINB). The proposed zero inflated models expl...