Every member of the kingdom Animalia is a potential vector of human pathogens
Publication date: August 2017 Source:Microbial Pathogenesis, Volume 109 Author(s): Seema Patel Zoonotic diseases are a subset of infectious diseases, which account for enormous morbidity and mortality. Pathologies like malaria, rabies, Lyme disease, leptospirosis, avian flu etc. are microbe- and parasite-caused ailments, where the etiological agents are introduced into or on the human body via ticks, mosquitoes, birds, rodents, bats, and deer, among other members of kingdom Animalia. While some of the zoonotic diseases are well-investigated and caution taken against, a lot many are yet to be recognized. This ignorance costs health, and lives, especially in developing countries. To promote awareness regarding the risks of immunogenicity and pathogen dissemination by hitherto unknown non-plant organisms, the members of kingdom Animalia, this letter has been compiled. The vector exploitation mechanisms of the pathogens, and in silico evidences of conserved protein domains across the potential pathogen reservoirs have been mentioned to underline the importance of this topic.
Patients with delusional parasitosis (DP) have fixed, false beliefs they harbor parasites and make specific demands to their treating physician to validate their delusion.1 They commonly demand the dermatologist examine numerous specimens they collected from their skin to find the parasite, which is simply impossible to evaluate in a short office visit, especially when presented within items such as plastic bags, tape, jars, and contact lens cases.
[The Conversation Africa] The 2017 World Malaria Report provides a clear picture of the work required to control malaria. Data from over 90 countries reveals a dramatic reduction in the rates of disease and deaths between 2010 to 2015. But malaria deaths remained unchanged in Africa from 2015 to 2016.
Nevien Ismail, Amit Kaul, Parna Bhattacharya, Sreenivas Gannavaram, Hira L. Nakhasi
Publication date: Available online 11 December 2017 Source:The Veterinary Journal Author(s): Jose L. Gonzales, Guus Koch, Armin R.W. Elbers, Jeanet A. van der Goot The transmissibility of the H7N1 highly pathogenic avian influenza virus (HPAIV), which caused a large epidemic in commercial poultry in Italy in 1999-2000, was studied in chickens and compared with that of the low pathogenic precursor virus (LPAIV). Group transmission experiments using the HPAIV were executed to estimate the infectious period (IP), the transmission parameter (β) and the basic reproduction number (R0). These estimates were then compared wi...
This week's case features an intriguing video by Dr. Graham Hickling.The accompanying questions are:1. What arthropod is shown here2. What stages of the arthropod are seen?
[African Union] The African Union and the Global Fund to Fight AIDS, TB and Malaria on Wednesday jointly organised a satellite symposium on domestic health financing. Despite significant progress in responding to the AIDS epidemic Africa confronts the world's most acute public health threats that remain largely underfunded. After decades of underinvestment the continent need sustained investments in health in a context where international support has levelled due to many competing global priorities.
[AIM] The National Malaria Control Programme (PNCM) in the Ministry of Health plans to reduce the prevalence of malaria in the country from the current figure of 40 per cent to 24 per cent by 2022.