Diabetes drug may help symptoms of autism-associated condition

Metformin, the most widely used drug to treat type 2 diabetes, could potentially be used to treat symptoms of Fragile X syndrome, an inherited form of intellectual disability and a cause of some forms of autism.
Source: ScienceDaily Headlines - Category: Science Source Type: news

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Increased intraocular pressure is linked to diabetes, hypertension and obesity, according to a study published in theAmerican Journal of Ophthalmology.Healio
Source: Society for Endocrinology - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: news
ConclusionsThis study has elucidated the genome-wide effects of several adaptogenic herbal extracts in brain cells culture. These data highlight the consistent activation of ASRSPs by adaptogens in T98G neuroglia cells. The extracts affected many genes playing key roles in modulation of adaptive homeostasis, indicating their ability to modify gene expression to prevent stress-induced and aging-related disorders. Overall, this study provides a comprehensive look at the molecular mechanisms by which adaptogens exerts stress-protective effects.Graphycal abstract
Source: Phytomedicine - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
Inhibition of α-Glucosidase, Intestinal Glucose Absorption, and Antidiabetic Properties by Caralluma europaea. Evid Based Complement Alternat Med. 2018;2018:9589472 Authors: Ouassou H, Zahidi T, Bouknana S, Bouhrim M, Mekhfi H, Ziyyat A, Legssyer A, Aziz M, Bnouham M Abstract Many medicinal plants around the world are used for therapeutic purposes against several diseases, including diabetes mellitus. Due to their composition of natural substances that are effective and do not represent side effects for users, unlike synthetic drugs, in this study, we investigated the inhibitory effect of Carallu...
Source: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine - Category: Complementary Medicine Tags: Evid Based Complement Alternat Med Source Type: research
Authors: Muñiz A, Garcia E, Gonzalez D, Zuñiga L Abstract Hyperglycemia in diabetes mellitus causes irreversible life-threatening micro- and macrovascular complications. There is evidence that the glycation reaction leads to a chemical modification of the proteins contributing to the complications of diabetes. It is known that advanced glycation end products (AGEs) are formed by glycation and oxidation reactions called glycoxidation. CML, a nonfluorescent AGE, has become a biomarker of glycoxidative damage; other AGEs appear to induce oxidative stress, which results in cytotoxicity. To determine antio...
Source: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine - Category: Complementary Medicine Tags: Evid Based Complement Alternat Med Source Type: research
No abstract available
Source: Journal of Hypertension - Category: Cardiology Tags: Errata Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 20 September 2018Source: Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica BAuthor(s): Wenji Deng, Huan Wang, Baojian Wu, Xingwang ZhangAbstractDiabetes mellitus (DM) remains a great challenge in treatment due to pathological complexity. It has been proven that phytomedicines and natural medicines have prominent antidiabetic effects. This work aimed to develop selenium-layered nanoparticles (SeNPs) for oral delivery of mulberry leaf and Pueraria Lobata extracts (MPE), a group of phytomedicines with significant hypoglycemic activities, to achieve a synergic antidiabetic effect. MPE-loaded SeNPs (MPE-SeNPs) were p...
Source: Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
Conclusion: Our results suggest that downregulation of miR-4463 attenuates cell apoptosis by directly enhancing PNUTS expression to promote PTEN nuclear localization, subsequently activating AKT signaling pathway in HUVECs under HG and/ or hypoxic conditions.Cell Physiol Biochem 2018;49:2073 –2087
Source: Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry - Category: Cytology Source Type: research
TYPE 2 diabetes is a condition that causes a person ’s blood sugar level to become too high. One way to prevent and control it after diagnosis is to eat a healthy, balanced diet. When it comes to breakfast there are five healthy swaps you can make.
Source: Daily Express - Health - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news
Conclusion: The brain networks constructed using the proposed method are considered as more realistic than a parcellation method with respect to the stability of connectedness. We found that subjects with autism showed the abnormal characteristics in the brain networks. These results demonstrate that the proposed method may provide new insights to analysis in the structural brain network. Significance: We proposed the novel brain network construction method to overcome the shortcoming in the existing parcellation method.
Source: IEEE Transactions on Biomedical Engineering - Category: Biomedical Engineering Source Type: research
ConclusionsIn this statewide analysis, diabetic patients who received BIMA grafts (compared with diabetic patients with LIMA grafts or nondiabetic patients with BIMA grafts) had higher O/E ratios for composite morbidity/mortality as a result of higher O/E ratios for major complications.
Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery - Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Source Type: research
More News: Autism | Diabetes | Diabetes Type 2 | Disability | Endocrinology | Fortamet | Fragile X Syndrome | Metformin