Silence as the voice of trauma.
Silence as the voice of trauma. Am J Psychoanal. 2014 Jun;74(2):176-94 Authors: Ritter M Abstract Silence is a key to the unspoken world of the patient. Rather than interpreting silence as a defensive maneuver, the analyst may understand this disruption as a royal road to the patient's traumatic experiences. The author proposes to recognize traumatic silences in the analytic process and the transference as a re-experiencing of past, unpredictable traumatic affective states and memories. Silences in this context are both a repeat of a disconnecting experience as well as a manifestation of a silencing identification with the original silencer. The clinical material illustrates effects of a German mother's World War II (WWII) personal traumata and collective shame-based silence on her daughter's self and good object development. In the daughter's analysis, the patient and the analyst, who herself experienced similar WWII traumata, face the pain of trauma recovery and un-silencing. The author suggests that the deadening effect of past traumata may be reversed by an analytic process of re-membering and re-speaking for both the patient and analyst. This allows for a more transparent, subjective experience in the transference and a verbal integration of ego functions. PMID: 24882074 [PubMed - in process]
HIGH blood pressure symptoms can include chest pain, headaches, and feeling very tired. But you could also reveal your risk of deadly hypertension symptoms by checking your urine after using the toilet. This is the colour of wee you should never ignore.
Authors: Mao X, Xia B, Zheng M, Zhou Z Abstract More and more studies show that inflammation, pain and insomnia have become the main common diseases. Effective treatments of inflammation, pain and insomnia have become an issue of primary concern in clinical practice. Oleuropein (OLE), the main phenolic component of Mediterranean extra virgin olive oil, has shown many pharmacological properties. In the present study, the anti-inflammatory effect of OLE was firstly evaluated using RAW264.7 macrophages subjected to stimulation with lipopolysaccharide (LPSC). The results obtained revealed that OLE caused significant an...
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