Preliminary Evaluation of a Novel Rigid Bronchoscopy Simulator

Journal of Laparoendoscopic&Advanced Surgical Techniques , Vol. 0, No. 0.
Source: Journal of Laparoendoscopic and Advanced Surgical Techniques - Category: Surgery Source Type: research

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A 40-year-old man was treated with tonsillectomy and underwent early surgical exploration because of bleeding. Postoperative bleeding complications were treated with bronchoscopy. In addition to obesity, normal thyroid function, type 2 diabetes mellitus, and current tobacco abuse with severe obstructive sleep apnea syndrome, biochemistry revealed severe hypercholesterolemia (total cholesterol 572 mg/dL) and hypertriglyceridemia (1,220 mg/dL). During the postoperative period, low doses of propofol (up to 2 mg/kg/h for 10 hours), along with remifentanil (up to 0.0016 mg/kg/h for 20 hours), midazolam, and tramadol, were neede...
Source: Journal of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Anesthesia - Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Tags: Letter to the Editor Source Type: research
ConclusionIn immunosuppressed patients, FB and BAL should be evaluated early for clarifying the causative agents. Then, appropriate treatments can be utilized and the side effects and high cost of unnecessary treatment may be mitigated.
Source: The Clinical Respiratory Journal - Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research
We report a 68-year-old woman with a longstanding history of chronic plaque psoriasis, treated with the tumor necrosis factor (TNF) inhibitor, adalimumab. After 8 years of treatment, she developed a gradual-onset, non-productive cough with associated generalized fatigue and mild dyspnea. Radiological investigations demonstrated ground-glass opacities in the left lower lobe and bronchoscopy revealed a fibroinflammatory process consistent with organizing pneumonia. Her biologic treatment was ceased and corticosteroid treatment commenced, with resolution of both her symptoms and the radiological findings. Given the increasing...
Source: Dermatology Online Journal - Category: Dermatology Source Type: research
ConclusionIn patients with CRF it’s difficult to diagnose parathyroid carcinoma, because its presentation mimics the most common secondary hyperparathyroidism; the concomitant presence of metastases should lead us to suspect malignant parathyroid lesions.Surgery is the only effective therapy and therefore should be always performed.
Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
A female neonate was born with stridor and respiratory distress, which required intubation. Laryngoscopy and bronchoscopy revealed a large laryngeal mass that was soft and fluctuant on palpation. What is your diagnosis?
Source: JAMA Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery - Category: ENT & OMF Source Type: research
We reported the first case of anterior tracheal transmural rupture and cartilage ring fracture after a combination of tracheobronchial interventional treatments for tracheobronchial tuberculosis (TBTB). Female and TBTB may be two high risks of trachea laceration. Tracheal rupture and/or cartilage ring fracture on the anterior trachea wall without pneumomediastinum or subcutaneous emphysema of TBTB patients may be best treated with a conservative approach. Tuberculosis (TB) tracheobronchial stenosis is considered as the worst complication of tracheobronchial TB (TBTB). Endobronchial balloon dilation (EBD) is a promising tre...
Source: Respirology Case Reports - Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Tags: Case Report Source Type: research
We report a rare case of tracheal granular cell tumours (GCT) presenting with throat discomfort as an initial symptom. While the symptom was atypical for a tracheal tumour, an early laryngoscopy and bronchoscopy led to the correct diagnosis. Granular cell tumours (GCTs) are a rare form of neoplasm found throughout the body. Tracheobronchial involvement is less common. We describe a case of tracheal GCT in a 37 ‐year‐old Japanese woman presenting with throat discomfort. A tracheal tumour was found during laryngoscopy for undefined throat discomfort. Bronchoscopy demonstrated a white sub‐epithelial solitary nodule on t...
Source: Respirology Case Reports - Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Tags: Case Report Source Type: research
Bronchoscopy is the standard of care for diagnosis and treatment of foreign body aspiration (FBA). Drawbacks of this approach include its invasiveness, the potential for exacerbation of reactive airway disease, and the need for general anesthesia. Computed tomography (CT) can potentially identify patients with FBA, thereby avoiding unnecessary bronchoscopies in patients with at-risk reactive airways.
Source: Journal of Pediatric Surgery - Category: Surgery Authors: Source Type: research
ConclusionThe exosomes from lung cancer BALF promoted the migration and invasion of A549 cancer cells by carrying E ‐cadherin. E‐cadherin on the surface of exosomes may act through a VE‐cadherin dependent mechanism and induce lung cancer metastasis.
Source: Thoracic Cancer - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research
Purpose of review The difficult airway remains an ongoing concern in daily anesthesia practice, with awake intubation being an important component of its management. Classically, fiberoptic bronchoscope-assisted tracheal intubation was the method of choice in the awake patient. The development of new generation videolaryngoscopes has revolutionized the approach to tracheal intubation in the anesthetized patient. The question whether videolaryngoscopes have a place in the intubation of the difficult airway in the awake patient is currently being addressed. Recent findings Randomized controlled trials and their meta-ana...
Source: Current Opinion in Anaesthesiology - Category: Anesthesiology Tags: TECHNOLOGY, EDUCATION AND SAFETY: Edited by Stephan A. Loer Source Type: research
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