Solid nanofoams based on cellulose nanofibers and indomethacin —the effect of processing parameters and drug content on material structure
Publication date: 30 June 2017 Source:International Journal of Pharmaceutics, Volume 526, Issues 1–2 Author(s): J. Bannow, J.-W. Benjamins, J. Wohlert, K. Löbmann, A.J. Svagan The unique colloidal properties of cellulose nanofibers (CNF), makes CNF a very interesting new excipient in pharmaceutical formulations, as CNF in combination with some poorly-soluble drugs can create nanofoams with closed cells. Previous nanofoams, created with the model drug indomethacin, demonstrated a prolonged release compared to films, owing to the tortuous diffusion path that the drug needs to take around the intact air-bubbles. However, the nanofoam was only obtained at a relatively low drug content of 21wt% using fixed processing parameters. Herein, the effect of indomethacin content and processing parameters on the foaming properties was analysed. Results demonstrate that a certain amount of dissolved drug is needed to stabilize air-bubbles. At the same time, larger fractions of dissolved drug promote coarsening/collapse of the wet foam. The pendant drop/bubble profile tensiometry was used to verify the wet-foam stability at different pHs. The pH influenced the amount of solubilized drug and the processing-window was very narrow at high drug loadings. The results were compared to real foaming-experiments and solid state analysis of the final cellular solids. The parameters were assembled into a processing chart, highlighting the importance of the right combination of processing pa...
Abstract “I have noticed in operations of this kind, which I have seen performed by others upon the living, and in a number of excisions, which I have myself performed on the dead body, that most of the difficulty in the separation of the tumor has occurred in the region of these ligaments…. This difficulty, I believe, to be a very frequent source of that accident, which so commonly occurs in removal of goiter, I mean division of the recurrent laryngeal nerve.” Sir James Berry (1887)
Conclusion: The anatomical relationship between the infraorbital nerve and postoperative maxillary cysts varied among patients, with approximately one-fourth of the patients being at risk of infraorbital nerve injury even during endoscopic procedures.ORL 2018;80:28 –35
Paula G. Slater, Sebastian E. Gutierrez-Maldonado, Katia Gysling, Carlos F. Lagos
Abstract AimsTo identify gestational diabetes mellitus exposure‐associated DNA methylation changes and assess whether such changes are also associated with adiposity‐related outcomes. MethodsWe performed an epigenome‐wide association analysis, using Illumina 450k methylation arrays, on whole blood collected, on average, at 10.5 years of age from 81 gestational diabetes‐exposed and 81 unexposed offspring enrolled in the EPOCH (Exploring Perinatal Outcomes in Children) study, and on the cord blood of 31 gestational diabetes‐exposed and 64 unexposed offspring enrolled in our own ‘Healthy Start’ cohort. V...
Summary Naevus sebaceous (NS) is a congenital cutaneous hamartoma, which typically occurs on the head and neck. Historically, the treatment of choice was excision in infancy because of the potential for malignant transformation; however, recent studies suggest that this risk is
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Authors: PMID: 29457548 [PubMed - in process]
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