Risk of End ‐Stage Renal Disease in HIV‐Positive Potential Live Kidney Donors
New federal regulations allow HIV‐positive individuals to be live kidney donors; however, potential candidacy for donation is poorly understood given the increased risk of end‐stage renal disease (ESRD) associated with HIV infection. To better understand this risk, we compared the incidence of ESRD among 41 968 HIV‐positive participants of North America AIDS Cohort Collaboration on Research and Design followed for a median of 5 years with the incidence of ESRD among comparable HIV‐negative participants of National Health and Nutrition Examination III followed for a median of 14 years. We used risk associations from multivariable Cox proportional hazards regression to derive cumulative incidence estimates for selected HIV‐positive scenarios (no history of diabetes, hypertension, AIDS, or hepatitis C virus coinfection) and compared these estimates with those from similarly selected HIV‐negative scenarios. For 40‐year‐old HIV‐positive individuals with health characteristics that were similar to those of age‐matched kidney donors, viral load
Authors: Soumah A, Avettand-Fenoel V, Veber F, Moshous D, Mahlaoui N, Blanche S, Frange P Abstract OBJECTIVES: To assess the outcome of HIV-infected individuals attending one of the largest French pediatric HIV centers in 2016-2017 and to compare the rates of antiretroviral coverage and virological suppression with the UNAIDS targets. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The clinical and immuno-virological status of 163 HIV-1-infected children and adolescents attending Necker Hospital in Paris, France, were investigated. Virological suppression was defined as an HIV-1 viral load
ConclusionsThese data challenge the current dogma linking FDG uptake to the glycolytic rate. They instead introduce a new model considering a strict link between the uptake of this glucose analog, H6PD reticular activity and oxidative damage in diabetes, at least under fasting condition.
ConclusionAccording to the results, whey supplementation significantly reduced the SBP, DBP, HDL, waist circumference, TG and FBS in intervention groups in comparing to control groups.
Publication date: Available online 14 November 2019Source: Diabetes &Metabolic Syndrome: Clinical Research &ReviewsAuthor(s): Mariceli Comellas, Yamile Marrero, Florence George, Lisa MatthewsAbstractAimTo assess the age and its association with glycemic control (GC) among adults with type 2-diabetes in the United States.Materials and MaterialsData were collected from the National Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 2013 -2014 (n=697), cross-sectional national survey adults with Type2 diabetes. Characteristics included retinopathy diagnosis, blood pressure, albumin-creatinine ratio, hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c), BMI, ch...
Publication date: Available online 14 November 2019Source: Diabetes &Metabolic Syndrome: Clinical Research &ReviewsAuthor(s): S. Gentile, F. Strollo, E. Satta, T. Della-Corte, C. Romano, G. Guarino, Nefrocenter Research Study Group: Nephrologists, Diabetologists, NursesSummaryDiabetes Mellitus (DM) is the most common cause of renal failure and ESRD all over the world, and often requires an individualized insulin treatment regimen. Malnutrition, depression-related eating behavior changes, high on-off-dialysis day-to-day glycemic variability and frequent hypoglycemic events occurring during or immediately after dialy...
Publication date: Available online 14 November 2019Source: Diabetes &Metabolic Syndrome: Clinical Research &ReviewsAuthor(s): Seema Gulati, Anoop Misra
Publication date: Available online 14 November 2019Source: Diabetes &Metabolic Syndrome: Clinical Research &ReviewsAuthor(s): Mahdieh Sedighi Pashaki, Jamal Asad Mezel, Zahra Mokhtari, Reza Ghanei Gheshlagh, Parisa Shahbazi Hesabi, Taban Nematifard, Soore KhakiAbstractDepression is one of the most common psychiatric disorders in patients with diabetes, which can exacerbate and accelerate adverse diabetes complaints by reducing self-care behaviors and medication adherence. The purpose of this study is to estimate the prevalence of depression in Iranian patients with diabetes. The search was conducted in the database...
ConclusionSerum CysC is shown to be a superior biomarker in the early diagnosis of DN. However, further studies are still needed to verify our claims.
ConclusionHigh prevalences of underweight and overweight/obesity were identified in ASEAN countries and several correlates were identified which can help to tailor interventions.
New studies from Life for a Child and the American Association of Diabetes Educators shed light on medication cost and access barriers.