Post-Glucose Load Measures of Insulin Resistance and Prognosis of Nondiabetic Patients With Ischemic Stroke Stroke

This study aimed to estimate the association between post–glucose load measures of insulin resistance and prognosis of nondiabetic patients with ischemic stroke.Methods and ResultsData were derived from the ACROSS‐China (Abnormal Glucose Regulation in Patients with Acute Stroke across China) registry. Patients with ischemic stroke without a history of diabetes mellitus were included. Two post–glucose load measures of insulin sensitivity, the insulin sensitivity indices ISI(composite) and the ISI0,120, were calculated. Outcomes included stroke recurrence, all‐cause death, and poor functional outcome at 12 months. Among 1203 patients, 63.3% were male with an average age of 62.1 years. At 12 months, 168 (14.4%) patients had recurrent stroke, 111 (9.2%) had died, and 288 (24.4%) had poor outcome. After adjustment for potential covariates, the first quartile of the ISI(composite) was associated with increased 12‐month stroke recurrence (adjusted hazard ratio 2.02, 95% CI 1.28–3.18, P=0.003), death (adjusted hazard ratio 2.78, 95% CI 1.59–4.86, P
Source: JAHA:Journal of the American Heart Association - Category: Cardiology Authors: Tags: Ischemic Stroke Original Research Source Type: research

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Fight Aging! publishes news and commentary relevant to the goal of ending all age-related disease, to be achieved by bringing the mechanisms of aging under the control of modern medicine. This weekly newsletter is sent to thousands of interested subscribers. To subscribe or unsubscribe from the newsletter, please visit: https://www.fightaging.org/newsletter/ Longevity Industry Consulting Services Reason, the founder of Fight Aging! and Repair Biotechnologies, offers strategic consulting services to investors, entrepreneurs, and others interested in the longevity industry and its complexities. To find out m...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Newsletters Source Type: blogs
Authors: Isordia-Salas I, Martínez-Marino M, Alberti-Minutti P, Ricardo-Moreno MT, Castro-Calvo R, Santiago-Germán D, Alvarado-Moreno JA, Calleja-Carreño C, Hernández-Juárez J, Leaños-Miranda A, Majluf-Cruz A Abstract Background and Purpose: The thrombin-activatable fibrinolysis inhibitor (TAFI) is an important inhibitor of fibrinolysis and plays a critical role in the pathogenesis of arterial thrombosis; genetic polymorphisms of the TAFI gene affect its activity and increase the risk of thrombosis. Moreover, studies in young patients are still scarce. The aim was to examin...
Source: Disease Markers - Category: Laboratory Medicine Tags: Dis Markers Source Type: research
This study explored the proportion of NAFLD cases and increased liver fibrosis (LF), and the association between LF and either chronic kidney disease (CKD) or cardiovascular complications in T2DM patients. METHODS: - The study included 137 patients with non-insulin-treated T2DM and no known liver disease consecutively attending our diabetes outpatients service who underwent liver ultrasonography and liver stiffness measurement (LSM) using vibration-controlled transient elastography (FibroScan®). RESULTS: - The proportion of patients with hepatic steatosis on ultrasonography was 73.7%, and the proportion with ...
Source: Diabetes and Metabolism - Category: Endocrinology Authors: Tags: Diabetes Metab Source Type: research
Conclusions: Baseline RDW should be integrated into clinical practice as a predictor of ischemic stroke occurrence and outcome. Future studies should also explore the dynamic change of RDW in post-stroke patients to evaluate the clinical significance of RDW and its impact on the inflammatory state of ischemic stroke.
Source: Frontiers in Neurology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
Authors: Du Z, Bian W, Wu S, Gao B, Sun Y, Kang Z, Zhang X Abstract Introduction: The aim of the study was to evaluate the effects of blood pressure (BP) goals on cardiovascular outcomes in hypertensive patients. Material and methods: Primary hypertensive patients were retrospectively enrolled from outpatient clinics. The demographics, comorbidities, laboratory parameters and glomerular filtration rate (GFR) were collected. All participants were followed for 1 year. Cardiovascular outcomes included composite of all-cause mortality, non-fatal myocardial infarction, and non-fatal ischemic stroke/transient ischemi...
Source: Archives of Medical Science - Category: General Medicine Tags: Arch Med Sci Source Type: research
Authors: Chen Z, Jiang C, Qu H, Liang S, Yang J, Wu H, He C, Wang X Abstract Introduction: The aim of the current study was to evaluate the association between lipoprotein(a) [Lp(a)] and major adverse cardiovascular events (MACEs) in patients with percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) treatment. Material and methods: This was a retrospective study. The demographics, prior medical histories, comorbidities and laboratory parameters were collected from the electronic health record. All participants were followed up for 1 year after the indexed PCI. Studied end points were a composite of MACEs including all-caus...
Source: Archives of Medical Science - Category: General Medicine Tags: Arch Med Sci Source Type: research
Authors: Mureddu GF, Greco C, Rosato S, D'Errigo P, De Luca L, Badoni G, Faggiano P, Seccareccia F Abstract The risk of recurrent events among survivors of acute myocardial infarction (AMI) is understudied. The aim of this analysis was to investigate the role of residual high thrombotic risk (HTR) as a predictor of recurrent in-hospital events after AMI. This retrospective cohort study included 186,646 patients admitted with AMI from 2009 to 2010 in all Italian hospitals who were alive 30 days after the index event. HTR was defined as at least one of the following in the 5 years preceding AMI: previous myocardial i...
Source: Monaldi Archives for Chest Disease - Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Monaldi Arch Chest Dis Source Type: research
ConclusionAspirin reduced the risks of MACCE and cancer without increasing the bleeding risk in elderly Koreans with hypertension, T2DM, or dyslipidemia. Moreover, the benefits of the long-term use of aspirin in reducing the risks of MACCE were demonstrated. However, the decision of using aspirin for primary prevention must be carefully made on an individual basis, while estimating the benefit –risk balance of aspirin.
Source: Drugs and Aging - Category: Geriatrics Source Type: research
CONCLUSION:  We demonstrate that increased clot AUC predicts future cardiovascular events in stable CAD patients receiving aspirin monotherapy. PMID: 31733633 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Thrombosis and Haemostasis - Category: Hematology Authors: Tags: Thromb Haemost Source Type: research
ConclusionsDiabetic nephropathy was common among Chinese patients with type 2 diabetes in primary care in Hong Kong. Early identification and control of the modifiable risk factors are of upmost importance in preventing the complication.
Source: Journal of Diabetes and Metabolic Disorders - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
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