Post-Glucose Load Measures of Insulin Resistance and Prognosis of Nondiabetic Patients With Ischemic Stroke Stroke
This study aimed to estimate the association between post–glucose load measures of insulin resistance and prognosis of nondiabetic patients with ischemic stroke.Methods and ResultsData were derived from the ACROSS‐China (Abnormal Glucose Regulation in Patients with Acute Stroke across China) registry. Patients with ischemic stroke without a history of diabetes mellitus were included. Two post–glucose load measures of insulin sensitivity, the insulin sensitivity indices ISI(composite) and the ISI0,120, were calculated. Outcomes included stroke recurrence, all‐cause death, and poor functional outcome at 12 months. Among 1203 patients, 63.3% were male with an average age of 62.1 years. At 12 months, 168 (14.4%) patients had recurrent stroke, 111 (9.2%) had died, and 288 (24.4%) had poor outcome. After adjustment for potential covariates, the first quartile of the ISI(composite) was associated with increased 12‐month stroke recurrence (adjusted hazard ratio 2.02, 95% CI 1.28–3.18, P=0.003), death (adjusted hazard ratio 2.78, 95% CI 1.59–4.86, P
CONCLUSIONS: Young adult IS patients in Korea exhibit low awareness and poor management of their risk factors. Although the short-term outcome was relatively favorable in those patients, having SLE was associated with unfavorable outcomes. More attention needs to be paid for improving awareness and controlling risk factors in this population. PMID: 33029967 [PubMed]
Conclusions: Moyamoya accounts for a substantial number of stroke admissions in Kentucky; these patients were more likely to develop an ischemic stroke rather than a hemorrhagic stroke. Autoimmune disorders were more prevalent in moyamoya patients than in the general population. The reduced frequency of traditional stroke risk factors within the Appalachian group suggests an etiology distinct to the population.Cerebrovasc Dis
CONCLUSIONS: It is unlikely that SGLT inhibitors have a positive or negative effect on stroke risk, but the question that remains unanswered is whether SGLT inhibitors can yield a protective effect after acute ischemic stroke. Future observational studies and registries may be the first step to help answer this question. (Clin Ther. 2020; XX:XXX-XXX) © 2020 Elsevier HS Journals, Inc. PMID: 33008610 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
In conclusion, it remains unclear if brain-specific regional and temporal changes occur in the expression of the different APP variants during AD progression. Since APP is also found in blood cells, assessing the changes in APP mRNA expression in peripheral blood cells from AD patients has been considering an alternative. However, again the quantification of APP mRNA in peripheral blood cells has generated controversial results. Brain APP protein has been analyzed in only a few studies, probably as it is difficult to interpret the complex pattern of APP variants and fragments. We previously characterized the soluabl...
ConclusionThe results suggest that lysine, phenylalanine, threonine, and alanine intake is important for the maintenance of cognitive function in older people, independent of total protein intake.
CONCLUSION: Our results suggested that the combination of the HDAC3 and HDAC9 genes with a history of diabetes mellitus could exacerbate the deterioration of atherosclerosis, thereby increasing the risk of IS. Further studies are warranted to explore our results in other populations. PMID: 32961570 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
CONCLUSIONS: Even in patients with ischemic stroke with non-valvular AF, concomitant CAPs should be considered in older individuals and those who have diabetes or low HDL-C. PMID: 32908035 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Abstract We investigated whether type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), a risk factor of stroke, affects the level of scavenger receptor CD36 and the uptake of its ligand, oxidized LDL (oxLDL); and whether pioglitazone, a drug that enhances CD36, promotes oxLDL uptake. Compared to normoglycemic db/+ mice, adult db/db mice showed a pronounced reduction in surface CD36 expression on myeloid cells from the blood, brain, and bone marrow as detected by flow cytometry, which correlated with elevated plasma soluble-CD36 as determined by ELISA. Increased CD36 expression was found in brain macrophages and microglia of both genot...
Strokes in the young and middle-aged are associated with a disproportionately large economic and social impact in addition to their clinical effects. Standard Modifiable Cardiovascular Risk Factors (SMuRFs; hypercholesterolaemia, hypertension, diabetes mellitus and smoking) are key drivers of cardiovascular disease including strokes, however recent temporal trends in the younger stroke population have not been well characterised. We aimed to evaluate recent trends of SMuRFs in a cohort of younger patients with ischaemic stroke.
Abstract: Atherosclerosis (AS) is the most common and serious complication in type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Recent studies have emphasized that inflammation is the main cause of atherosclerosis. Studies have shown that carcinoembryonic antigen-related cellular adhesion molecule 1 (CEACAM1) regulates the expression of matrix metallopeptidase 9 (MMP-9) after ischemic stroke to reduce inflammation. The aim of this study was to elucidate potential molecular mechanism of CEACAM1 on the inflammatory response in atherosclerosis. The serum levels of CEACAM1, MMP-9, and tissue inhibitors of metalloproteinase 1 (TIMP-1) in T2DM...