Sex Differences in the Association Between Insulin Resistance and Incident Coronary Heart Disease and Stroke Among Blacks Without Diabetes Mellitus: The Jackson Heart Study Epidemiology

ConclusionsBoth HOMA‐IR and the McAuley index demonstrate strong associations with CHD but not stroke risk in blacks. The logHOMA‐IR and CHD association was present in men, but not in women.
Source: JAHA:Journal of the American Heart Association - Category: Cardiology Authors: Tags: Cardiovascular Disease, Epidemiology, Risk Factors, Cerebrovascular Disease/Stroke Original Research Source Type: research

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Abstract BACKGROUND: Fatty-acid binding protein-4 (FABP4) has been associated with the metabolic syndrome, diabetes mellitus, atherosclerosis, incident heart failure, and the prognosis of coronary heart disease (CHD). However, recent studies have not reported a significant correlation between FABP4 and cardiovascular (CV) mortality in high-risk patients or those with documented CHD. The present study aimed to evaluate the association between FABP4 and the prognosis in a cohort of patients with CHD who received coronary interventions. METHODS: Serum FABP4 levels were measured in 973 patients after a successful...
Source: J Formos Med Assoc - Category: General Medicine Authors: Tags: J Formos Med Assoc Source Type: research
Conclusion: In this cohort of tenured male workers, BPV taken over 5 years was clearly associated with 18-year all-cause, CHD and stroke mortality.
Source: Journal of Hypertension - Category: Cardiology Tags: ORIGINAL PAPERS: BP variability Source Type: research
AbstractPurposeWe sought to examine associations of mammography utilization with comorbidities and functional limitations in older breast cancer survivors.MethodsFemale breast cancer survivors (N = 1064) identified in the 2016 and 2018 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS) who were aged ≥ 65 years were included for this study. Mammography use, major comorbidities (diabetes mellitus, myocardial infarction, coronary heart disease, stroke, chronic obstructive pulmonary di sease, arthritis, chronic kidney disease, depression, and malignancy other than breast cancer), functional limitat...
Source: Journal of Cancer Survivorship - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
Conclusion: High sodium intake is associated with an increased incidence of CVD and DM. PMID: 32602794 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Annals of Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Ann Med Source Type: research
Purpose of review To discuss the current evidence regarding the relationship between omega-3 fatty acid intake and atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD) risk. Recent findings Combined results from randomized controlled trials using low-dosage (≤1.8 g/day of ethyl esters) eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) or EPA + docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) suggest a small benefit for reducing coronary heart disease risk. The Reduction of Cardiovascular Events with EPA-Intervention Trial (REDUCE-IT) that administered 4 g/day icosapent ethyl (IPE) to individuals on statin at high or very high ASCVD risk with elevated triglycer...
Source: Current Opinion in Cardiology - Category: Cardiology Tags: LIPIDS AND EMERGING RISK FACTORS: Edited by Dimitri P. Mikhailidis and Anthony S. Wierzbicki Source Type: research
Abstract Acute aortic dissection (AAD), one of the fatal diseases observed at the department of vascular surgery, is associated with a great mortality rate at the early stage. Ceruloplasmin (CP) is the plasma protein that functions as a copper transporter. The current retrospective research was carried out to assess CP contents and to examine the possible part in diagnosing patients with AAD. In addition, propensity score matching (PSM) was also utilized for reducing the bias in case screening as well as the clinical confounders. Using PSM, this study included 85 pairs of AAD cases (Stanford A and B dissection) an...
Source: Biological Trace Element Research - Category: Biology Authors: Tags: Biol Trace Elem Res Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Prevention and treatment of CVD in American Indians and Alaska Natives should focus on control of risk factors and community-based interventions that address social determinants of health, particularly among individuals with diabetes mellitus. Accurate reporting of race/ethnicity is encouraged to address race-specific risk factors. PMID: 32460555 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Circulation - Category: Cardiology Authors: Tags: Circulation Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: The Suita CVD risk model is feasible to use and improves predictability of the incidence of CVD relative to the FRS model in Japan. PMID: 32023562 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Journal of Atherosclerosis and Thrombosis - Category: Cardiology Tags: J Atheroscler Thromb Source Type: research
Conclusions: Central obesity alone and compound obesity are associated with the risk of hypertension, hyperlipidemia, and diabetes mellitus. Compound obesity but not central obesity alone is associated with the risk of coronary heart disease, but further research is needed to confirm it. There are no significant relationship between stroke and central obesity alone or compound obesity.
Source: Frontiers in Endocrinology - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
Authors: Wańkowicz P, Nowacki P, Gołąb-Janowska M Abstract Introduction: Atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most common cause of ischemic stroke (IS). Atrial fibrillation patients are recommended to use oral anticoagulants (OACs) as part of prevention against IS. However, despite having a therapeutic intensity of OAC therapy, IS can still occur in such patients. The aim of our study was to examine the configuration of IS risk factors in patients with non-valvular atrial fibrillation (NVAF) and within the therapeutic INR range (TINR). Material and methods: Our retrospective study involved 1835 patients with a re...
Source: Archives of Medical Science - Category: General Medicine Tags: Arch Med Sci Source Type: research
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