Racial-Ethnic Disparities in Acute Stroke Care in the Florida-Puerto Rico Collaboration to Reduce Stroke Disparities Study Epidemiology

We examined race‐ethnic disparities in acute stroke performance metrics in a voluntary stroke registry among Florida and Puerto Rico Get With the Guidelines‐Stroke hospitals.Methods and ResultsSeventy‐five sites in the Florida Puerto Rico Stroke Registry (66 Florida and 9 Puerto Rico) recorded 58 864 ischemic stroke cases (2010–2014). Logistic regression models examined racial‐ethnic differences in acute stroke performance measures and defect‐free care (intravenous tissue plasminogen activator treatment, in‐hospital antithrombotic therapy, deep vein thrombosis prophylaxis, discharge antithrombotic therapy, appropriate anticoagulation therapy, statin use, smoking cessation counseling) and temporal trends. Among ischemic stroke cases, 63% were non‐Hispanic white (NHW), 18% were non‐Hispanic black (NHB), 14% were Hispanic living in Florida, and 6% were Hispanic living in Puerto Rico. NHW patients were the oldest, followed by Hispanics, and NHBs. Defect‐free care was greatest among NHBs (81%), followed by NHWs (79%) and Florida Hispanics (79%), then Puerto Rico Hispanics (57%) (P
Source: JAHA:Journal of the American Heart Association - Category: Cardiology Authors: Tags: Epidemiology, Race and Ethnicity, Treatment, Cerebrovascular Disease/Stroke Original Research Source Type: research

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This study assesses the current practices of physicians in Lebanon routinely involved in ischemic stroke (IS) management. We conducted a prospective observational study of patients hospitalized at 8 different Lebanese hospitals in the period August 1, 2015 to July 31, 2016, with a diagnosis of acute stroke. Baseline characteristics and data on diagnostic studies, as well as treatments received during hospitalization and at discharge, were collected and analyzed. Two hundred and three strokes/transient ischemic attacks (TIAs) were recorded but only 173 patients (85%) with ischemic events were included in the study. The pati...
Source: Functional Neurology - Category: Neurology Tags: Funct Neurol Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: In patients with acute ischemic stroke, the associations of statins with mortality and functional outcomes was dependent on eGFR. PMID: 32418948 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Journal of Atherosclerosis and Thrombosis - Category: Cardiology Tags: J Atheroscler Thromb Source Type: research
The development of durable left ventricular assist systems (LVASs) has been critical in providing an option for management of end-stage heart disease and addressing the increasing gap between demand and supply of donor cardiac allografts for management of end-stage heart disease. The technology also provides an alternative to heart transplantation in many patients. Unfortunately, the long-term use of LVASs has been associated with significant morbidities, the most devastating of which may relate to the thrombogenicity of the artificial devices, leading to ischemic stroke or pump thrombosis.
Source: The Journal of Heart and Lung Transplantation - Category: Transplant Surgery Authors: Tags: EDITORIAL COMMENTARY Source Type: research
The development of durable left ventricular assist systems (LVAS) has been critical in providing an option for management of end-stage heart disease and addressing the increasing gap between demand and supply of donor cardiac allografts for management of end-stage heart disease. The technology also provides an alternative to heart transplantation in many patients. Unfortunately, the long-term use of LVAS has been associated with significant morbidities, the most devastating of which may relate to the thrombogenicity of the artificial devices, leading to ischemic stroke or pump thrombosis.
Source: The Journal of Heart and Lung Transplantation - Category: Transplant Surgery Authors: Tags: Editorial Source Type: research
The objectives of the study were to examine the temporal trends and patient characteristics associated with prescription of thrombolytic, antithrombotic and statin medications among patients with first-ever stroke. MATERIALS AND METHODS: First-ever ischaemic and haemorrhagic stroke patients admitted to 2 Singapore tertiary hospitals between 2010‒2014 were included. Data were extracted from the National Healthcare Group Chronic Disease Management System. Association between drug utilisation and admission year, as well as characteristics associated with drug use, were explored using multivariable logistic regression. ...
Source: Ann Acad Med Singapo... - Category: General Medicine Authors: Tags: Ann Acad Med Singapore Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Low EPA/AA ratio at baseline and treatment without statins could predict mortality, recurrent ischemic stroke, cardiovascular and peripheral artery diseases, and hemorrhagic stroke among patients with acute ischemic stroke. The combination of baseline EPA/AA ratio and statin therapy could be critical in predicting the long-term prognosis of ischemic stroke patients. PMID: 31969533 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Journal of Atherosclerosis and Thrombosis - Category: Cardiology Tags: J Atheroscler Thromb Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 11 September 2019Source: Journal of Clinical NeuroscienceAuthor(s): Yousheng Wu, Dan Lu, Anding XuAbstractThrombolysis-induced haemorrhagic transformation is the most challenging preventable complication in thrombolytic therapy. This condition is often associated with poor functional outcome and long-term disease burden. Statins, or 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl-coenzyme A (HMG-CoA) reductase inhibitors, are controversially suggested to either increase or decrease the odds of better primary outcomes compared to treatment without statins after thrombolysis in patients or animals; statins are ...
Source: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience - Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research
AbstractIntroductionDrug utilization and outcomes research in multi-ethnic Asian stroke populations is lacking.ObjectivesOur objective was to examine temporal trends and predictors of drug utilization and outcomes in a multi-ethnic Asian stroke population.MethodsThis registry-based study included ischemic and hemorrhagic first-ever stroke patients hospitalized between 2009 and 2016. Utilization of medications included in-hospital thrombolytic agents, early antithrombotics (antiplatelets, anticoagulants) within 48  h of admission, and antithrombotics and statins at discharge. Outcomes analyzed were in-hospital all-caus...
Source: CNS Drugs - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
Giuseppe Ristagno1*, Francesca Fumagalli1, Barbara Bottazzi2, Alberto Mantovani2,3,4, Davide Olivari1, Deborah Novelli1 and Roberto Latini1 1Department of Cardiovascular Research, Mario Negri Institute for Pharmacological Research IRCCS, Milan, Italy 2Humanitas Clinical and Research Center-IRCCS, Milan, Italy 3Humanitas University, Milan, Italy 4The William Harvey Research Institute, Queen Mary University of London, London, United Kingdom The long pentraxin PTX3 is a member of the pentraxin family produced locally by stromal and myeloid cells in response to proinflammatory signals and microbial moieties. The p...
Source: Frontiers in Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research
Conclusions: Embolism associated with asymptomatic carotid stenosis shows circadian variation with highest rates 4–6 h before midday. This corresponds with peak circadian incidence of stroke and other vascular complications. These and ASED Study results show that monitoring frequency, duration, and time of day are important in ES detection. Introduction Transcranial Doppler (TCD) detected microembolism in the ipsilateral middle cerebral artery (MCA) may help stratify the risk of stroke and other arterial disease complications in persons with advanced (≥60%) asymptomatic carotid stenosis. If so, this techniqu...
Source: Frontiers in Neurology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
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